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See also:
U+8AA0, 誠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8AA0

[U+8A9F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8AA1]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口戈竹尸 (YRIHS), four-corner 03650, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1163, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35497
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1628, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3963, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8AA0

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
誠-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ, *djeŋs
*djeŋ
*djeŋs
*djeŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djeŋ): semantic  (speech) + phonetic  (OC *djeŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chiâⁿ - vernacular;
  • sêng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiæŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chéng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1419
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djeŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sincere, honest
  2. true, real
  3. (Min Nan) very

Compounds[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (very):
Dialectal synonyms of (“very; quite”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 非常十分
Mandarin Beijing 倍兒
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 實在
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen 有夠
Quanzhou 有夠
Zhangzhou 足範有夠
Taipei
Kaohsiung 有夠
Tainan 有夠
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan 有夠
Kinmen
Magong
Penang 真正
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Kanji in this term
まこと
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana まこと, rōmaji makoto)

  1. sincerity

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana まこと, rōmaji Makoto)

  1. A male given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seong) (hangeul , revised seong, McCune-Reischauer sŏng, Yale seng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thành, thiêng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.