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See also:
U+8AA0, 誠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8AA0

[U+8A9F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8AA1]
誠 U+2F9CF, 誠
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F9CF
䛇
[U+2F9CE]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 諭
[U+2F9D0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口戈竹尸 (YRIHS), four-corner 03650, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1163, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35497
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1628, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3963, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8AA0

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
誠-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djeŋ): semantic  (speech) + phonetic  (OC *djeŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chiâⁿ - vernacular;
  • sêng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiæŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chéng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chéng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyeng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]eŋ/
English sincere

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1419
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djeŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sincere, honest; true
  2. indeed; truly
  3. (Min Nan) very
  4. (literary) if

Compounds[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (very):
  • (if):

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Kanji in this term
まこと
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(まこと) (makoto

  1. sincerity

Proper noun[edit]

(まこと) (Makoto

  1. A male given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seong) (hangeul , revised seong, McCune–Reischauer sŏng, Yale seng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thành, thiêng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.