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See also:
U+8AA0, 誠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8AA0

[U+8A9F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8AA1]
誠 U+2F9CF, 誠
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F9CF
䛇
[U+2F9CE]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 諭
[U+2F9D0]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 149, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口戈竹尸 (YRIHS), four-corner 03650, composition )

References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1163, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35497
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1628, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3963, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8AA0

Chinese

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trad.
simp.

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *djeŋ) : semantic (speech) + phonetic (OC *djeŋ).

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • chiâⁿ - vernacular;
  • sêng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter dzyeng
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiæŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiajŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chéng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sing4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chéng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyeng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]eŋ/
English sincere

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1419
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djeŋ/

Definitions

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  1. sincere; honest; true; genuine
  2. indeed; truly; really
  3. (literary) if
  4. (Southern Min) very

Compounds

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Synonyms

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  • (very):
  • (if):

References

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Japanese

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Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]

誠󠄁
+&#xE0101;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
誠󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji

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(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. sincerity

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology

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Kanji in this term
まこと
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
まこと
[noun] truth; reality; fact; genuineness
[noun] sincerity; honesty; faithfulness
[adverb] (dated) truly, really, absolutely, indeed
[interjection] used for recalling information previously forgotten or sudden change of subjects: that's right
[proper noun] , , , , : a male given name
Alternative spellings
, , , , , ,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References

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  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア [Kanjipedia]‎[1] (in Japanese), The Japan Kanji Aptitude Testing Foundation, 2015–2024

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 정성 (jeongseong seong))

  1. Hanja form? of (sincerity).

Compounds

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: thành, thiêng

  1. chữ Hán form of thành (sincere; honest).