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U+C131, 성
HANGUL SYLLABLE SEONG
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:t-j-d

[U+C130]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C132]




섀 ←→ 세

Jeju[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(seong)

  1. older brother (of a male)
  2. older sister (of a male)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ” in Jeju's culture and language, Digital museum.

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Myobeopyeonhwagyeong eonhae (妙法蓮華經諺解 / 묘법연화경언해), 1463, as Middle Korean 셔ᇰ〯 (Yale: syěng).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰʌ̹(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?sēng

Noun[edit]

(seong)

  1. anger, rage, wrath
    고작 그런 가지고 내는 ?
    Wae gojak geureon geoseul gajigo seong-eul naeneun geosini?
    Why are [you] getting angry over such a trivial thing?
    그렇게 쓸데없이 내면 못써.
    Geureoke sseuldeeopsi seong-eul naemyeon motsseo.
    It's no good getting angry for no apparent reason like that.
    Synonym: 화(火) (hwa)

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 셔ᇰ〯 (Yale: syěng).

“-ity, -ness”
From the Japanese usage of the character, an orthographic borrowing from Japanese (せい) (-sei).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰʌ̹(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?sēng

Noun[edit]

(seong) (hanja )

  1. sex, sexuality; gender
    교육에서 격차 커지고 있다. 적은 숫자 여아 학교 가고 있다.
    Gyoyugeseo seong gyeokchaga keojigo itda. Deo jeogeun sutjaui yeoadeulmani hakgyo-e gago itda.
    The gender gap in education is widening; fewer girls are going to school.
  2. one's true or inherent nature
    Synonym: 본성(本性) (bonseong)
  3. (grammar) gender
Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

—성 (-seong) (hanja )

  1. -ity, -ness; the nature, quality, tendency, or characteristics of something
    잔혹 (殘酷)janhokseongruthlessness
    인간 (人間)in-ganseongᅟhuman nature / humanity
    생산 (生産)saengsanseongproductivity
Usage notes[edit]

The suffix is almost always tensed when attached to words with two or more syllables. See and Appendix:Sino-Korean tensing for more information on this phenomenon.

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 셔ᇰ〯 (Yale: syěng).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰʌ̹(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?sēng

Noun[edit]

(seong) (hanja )

  1. surname; last name
    Synonym: 성씨(姓氏) (seongssi)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 셔ᇰ (Yale: syèng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?seng

Noun[edit]

(seong) (hanja )

  1. castle; fortress
    우리 까지 저항했다. 하지만 의해서 결국에는 함락됐다.
    Urineun kkeutkkaji jeohanghaetda. Hajiman jeoge uihaeseo seong-i gyeolgugeneun hamnakdwaetda.
    We fought to the end. But eventually, the castle was taken by the enemy.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 셔ᇰ〯 (Yale: syěng).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰʌ̹(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?sēng

Determiner[edit]

(seong) (hanja )

  1. (Catholicism) saint
    베드로seong BedeuroSaint Peter
    Synonym: 성인(聖人) (seong-in, saint, noun)

Noun[edit]

(seong) (hanja )

  1. “the sacred”; that which is holy or sacred
    Coordinate term: 속(俗) (sok, that which is secular)

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?seng

Suffix[edit]

—성 (-seong) (hanja )

  1. (astronomy, academic) star
    시리우스siriuseuseongSirius (the star)
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
  • (byeol, star, Native Korean)

Etymology 7[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(seong)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇŋH))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇŋH))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋ))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋ))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋ))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋ, d͡ʑiᴇŋH))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇŋX))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiᴇŋH))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiᴇŋ))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC seŋ))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC seŋ, seŋX, seŋH))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋH))