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U+C131, 성
HANGUL SYLLABLE SEONG
Composition: + +

[U+C130]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C132]




섀 ←→ 세

Jeju[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(seong)

  1. older brother (of a male)
  2. older sister (of a male)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ” in Jeju's culture and language, Digital museum.

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Myobeopyeonhwagyeong eonhae (妙法蓮華經諺解 / 묘법연화경언해), 1463, as Middle Korean 셔ᇰ〯 (Yale: syěng).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰɘ(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?sēng

Noun[edit]

(seong)

  1. anger, rage, wrath
    고작 그런 가지고 내는 ?
    Wae gojak geureon geos-eul gajigo seong-eul naeneun geos-ini?
    Why are [you] getting angry over such a trivial thing?
    그렇게 쓸데없이 내면 못써.
    Geureoke sseuldeeopsi seong-eul naemyeon motsseo.
    It's no good getting angry for no apparent reason like that.
    Synonym: 화(火) (hwa)

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 셔ᇰ〯 (Yale: syěng).

“-ity, -ness”
From the Japanese usage of the character, an orthographic borrowing from Japanese (せい) (-sei).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰɘ(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?sēng

Noun[edit]

(seong) (hanja )

  1. sex, sexuality; gender
    교육에서 격차 커지고 있다. 적은 숫자 여아 학교 가고 있다.
    Gyoyug-eseo seong gyeokcha-ga keojigo itda. Deo jeogeun sutja-ui yeoa-deul-man-i hakgyo-e gago itda.
    The gender gap in education is widening; fewer girls are going to school.
  2. one's true or inherent nature
    Synonym: 본성(本性) (bonseong)
  3. (grammar) gender
Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

—성 (-seong) (hanja )

  1. -ity, -ness; the nature, quality, tendency, or characteristics of something
    잔혹 (殘酷)janhokseong ruthlessness
    인간 (人間)in'ganseong human nature / humanity
    생산 (生産)saengsanseong productivity
Usage notes[edit]

The suffix is almost always tensed when attached to words with two or more syllables. See and Appendix:Sino-Korean tensing for more information on this phenomenon.

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 셔ᇰ〯 (Yale: syěng).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰɘ(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?sēng

Noun[edit]

(seong) (hanja )

  1. surname; last name
    Synonym: 성씨(姓氏) (seongssi)
    • 1883, 아메노모리 호슈(雨森芳洲) [Amenomori Hōshū], “天倫”, in 浦瀬裕, editor, 재간교린수지(再刊交隣須知) (Jaegan'gyorinsuji)NDL NLK, volume 1, 外務省 edition:
      姓 죠선(朝鮮)은 셩(姓)이 여러 셩(姓)이나 니김최안뎡박(李金崔安鄭朴) 뉵셩(六姓)이 고ᄅᆡ지셩(古來之姓)이오니
      syeng cyosen-un syeng-i yele syeng-ina ni-kim-chwoy-an-tyeng-pak nyuksyeng-i kwoloycisyeng-iwoni
      Family name: Corea's family names are numerous, but the six family names of Lee, Kim, Choi, Ahn, Jung, and Park are the ancient cognomens.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 셔ᇰ (Yale: syèng).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?seng

Noun[edit]

(seong) (hanja )

  1. castle; fortress
    우리 까지 저항했다. 하지만 의해서 결국에는 함락됐다.
    Uri-neun kkeut-kkaji jeohanghaetda. Hajiman jeog-e uihaeseo seong-i gyeolgug-eneun hamnakdwaetda.
    We fought to the end. But eventually, the castle was taken by the enemy.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 셔ᇰ〯 (Yale: syěng).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰɘ(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?sēng

Determiner[edit]

(seong) (hanja )

  1. (Catholicism) saint
    베드로seong BedeuroSaint Peter
    Synonym: 성인(聖人) (seong'in, saint, noun)

Noun[edit]

(seong) (hanja )

  1. “the sacred”; that which is holy or sacred
    Coordinate term: 속(俗) (sok, that which is secular)

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Sino-Korean word from .

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?seong
Revised Romanization (translit.)?seong
McCune–Reischauer?sŏng
Yale Romanization?seng

Suffix[edit]

—성 (-seong) (hanja )

  1. (astronomy, academic) star
    시리우스siriuseuseongSirius (the star)
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
  • (byeol, star, Native Korean)

Etymology 7[edit]

Sino-Korean word from .

Noun[edit]

(seong)

  1. Southern Dialectal, Jeolla dialect, Chungcheong, Gyeonggi, and Gyeongsang form of 형(兄) (hyeong, (for males) older brother or male).
    기전에 욕심 많은 저거 성님이 있고... (Jeolla, Goheung)
    Gijeone yoksim maneun jeogeo seongnimi itgo...
    Back then there was an older male who was very greedy...
Usage notes[edit]

In some dialects of Jeolla, it appears that females will also call older males by this term. It is also used by some older women to refer to other older females, though it is more commonly 성님 (seongnim), than (seong) in that case.

Etymology 8[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(seong)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇŋH))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇŋH))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋ))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋ))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋ))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋ, d͡ʑiᴇŋH))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC siᴇŋX))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiᴇŋH))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiᴇŋ))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC seŋ))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC seŋ, seŋX, seŋH))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇŋH))