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Character
Unicode name HANGUL SYLLABLE NI
Code point U+B2C8
Entity number 니
Unicode block Hangul Syllables
Composition +
Dubeolsik input s-l
[U+B2C7] [U+B2C9]

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]




늬 ←

다 →

Syllable[edit]

(transliterations: RR ni, RRT , McCune–Reischauer , Yale ni)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of and .

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Hunmin jeongeum eonhae (訓民正音諺解本 / 훈민정음언해본), 1447, as  (Yale: ni).

Noun[edit]

‎(ni)

  1. (archaic, now suffixal) a tooth
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (i) (canonical)
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
External links[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as ᄋᆞ/으니 (Yale: u/oni).

Inflectional suffix[edit]

‎(ni)

  1. because, since
    워낙 배가 고팠다 무엇을 먹어도 맛있었다.
    Wonak baega gopatda boni mueoseul meogeodo madisseotda.
    Everything tasted so good owing to my great hunger.
  2. and then
    바닷가다다르, 마침 하늘도. 바다도, 노을가득, 물들 이었다.
    Badatga-e dadareuni, machim haneuldo. Badado, no-eure gadeuk, muldeuldeon chamieotda.
    We arrived at the beach, just in time to watch, the sunset gild the sky, and the ocean, altogether.
Usage notes[edit]

The suffix (ni) takes the sequential form of a verb, an adjective, or 이다 (ida, “to be”), and if the stem ends in the consonant (l), it drops out.

Alternative forms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
  • 더니 (deoni) (past retrospect)
  • 리니 (rini) (future, obsolete)
See also[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as ᄋᆞ/으니 (Yale: u/oni).

Inflectional suffix[edit]

‎(ni)

  1. a plain style interrogative suffix; gives a friendlier impression than (nya) does
    여우, 여우야, 뭐 하?
    Yeouya, yeouya, mwo hani?
    Fox, fox, what are you doing?
Usage notes[edit]

The suffix (ni) is usually directly appended to the stem of a verb, an adjective or 이다 (ida, “to be”), though it rarely takes the sequential forms of the present-tense adjectives, not including 있다 (itda, “to exist”) and 없다 (eopda, “not to exist”). In all cases, if the stem ends in the consonant (l), it drops out.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(ni)

  1. , , , , , , , , ,