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U+6CE5, 泥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CE5

[U+6CE4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CE6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水尸心 (ESP), four-corner 37111, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 617, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17311
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1012, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1595, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6CE5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
泥-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*niːl, *niːls
*niːl
*niːlʔ
*niːlʔ
*niːls
*braːms, *niːl, *niːls
*nilʔ
*nilʔ
*nilʔ
*nil
*nil
*nil
*nil, *nilʔ
*nil
*nil
*nil
*rniːd
*niɡ

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • nài - colloquial;
  • nì - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • lê/nê - literary;
    • nî/lî - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ni³⁵/
    Harbin /ni²⁴/
    Tianjin /ni⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ȵi⁴²/
    Qingdao /ni⁴²/
    /mi⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ni⁴²/
    Xi'an /ni²⁴/
    Xining /mji²⁴/
    Yinchuan /mi⁵³/
    /ni⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ȵi⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ȵi⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ni²¹³/
    Chengdu /ȵi³¹/
    Guiyang /ni²¹/
    Kunming /ni³¹/
    Nanjing /li²⁴/
    Hefei /mz̩⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ni¹¹/ ~皮
    /ni⁴⁵/ ~匠
    Pingyao /ȵi¹³/ ~牆牆
    /ȵi³⁵/ ~匠
    Hohhot /ni³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
    Suzhou /ȵi¹³/
    Hangzhou /ȵi²¹³/
    Wenzhou /ȵi³¹/
    Hui Shexian /ni⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /ȵie⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ȵi¹³/
    Xiangtan /ȵi¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵi⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /nai¹¹/
    /ni¹¹/
    Taoyuan /nɑi¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /nɐi²¹/
    Nanning /nɐi²¹/
    Hong Kong /nɐi²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ne³⁵/
    /ni³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nɛ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni²¹/
    /nai³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /nĩ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ni³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nei/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nei/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɛi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nɛj/
    Li
    Rong
    /nei/
    Wang
    Li
    /niei/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /niei/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nej ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.nˤ[əj]/
    English mud

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 9417
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*niːl/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. dirt (Classifier: 𫩥 c;  c)
        ―  wán   ―  play in the dirt
      / 𫩥 [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 gau6 nai4 [Jyutping]  ―  a clod of earth
    2. mud
      /   ―  ruǎn  ―  soft mud
    3. clay
      娃娃  ―  wáwá  ―  clay doll
    4. any mush-like substance
        ―  shǔ  ―  mashed potato
      /   ―  jiāo  ―  Blu-Tack
      鷹嘴豆 / 鹰嘴豆  ―  yīngzuǐdòu  ―  hummus
    5. paint (used on walls)
    6. an ancient river in modern Hunan
    7. an ancient river in modern Gansu
    8. weak
    9. (Chinese mythology) a kind of animal lived in sea
    10. A surname​.
    11. () (phonology) a Middle Chinese initial and the 'Phags-pa script letter (n-)

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /neiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /neiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɛiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nɛjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /neiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /nieiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nieiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nejH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nˤər(ʔ)-s/
    English impeded, obstructed (Lunyu)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 9421
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*niːls/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to sink into
    2. to be constrained
    3. to detain
    4. to paint
    5. to disturb
    6. to wallpaper
    7. to defile

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 泥泥.

    Pronunciation 4[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 泥母.

    Pronunciation 5[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“blacken; black mud, slime; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    どろ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana どろ, rōmaji doro)

    1. mud
    Derived terms[edit]

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ni>i) (hangeul >)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (nề, , nệ, , nể, nễ, nơi)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]