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U+6CE5, 泥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CE5

[U+6CE4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CE6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水尸心 (ESP), four-corner 37111, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 617, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17311
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1012, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1595, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6CE5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
泥-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*niːl, *niːls
*niːl
*niːlʔ
*niːlʔ
*niːls
*braːms, *niːl, *niːls
*nilʔ
*nilʔ
*nilʔ
*nil
*nil
*nil
*nil, *nilʔ
*nil
*nil
*nil
*rniːd
*niɡ

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • nài - colloquial;
  • nì - literary.
Note:
  • lê/nê - literary;
  • nî/lî - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ni³⁵/
Harbin /ni²⁴/
Tianjin /ni⁴⁵/
Jinan /ȵi⁴²/
Qingdao /ni⁴²/
/mi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ni⁴²/
Xi'an /ni²⁴/
Xining /mji²⁴/
Yinchuan /mi⁵³/
/ni⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵi⁵³/
Ürümqi /ȵi⁵¹/
Wuhan /ni²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵi³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /ni³¹/
Nanjing /li²⁴/
Hefei /mz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ni¹¹/ ~皮
/ni⁴⁵/ ~匠
Pingyao /ȵi¹³/ ~牆牆
/ȵi³⁵/ ~匠
Hohhot /ni³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
Suzhou /ȵi¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵi²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³¹/
Hui Shexian /ni⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵie⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵi¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵi⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /nai¹¹/
/ni¹¹/
Taoyuan /nɑi¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /nɐi²¹/
Nanning /nɐi²¹/
Hong Kong /nɐi²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ne³⁵/
/ni³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nɛ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni²¹/
/nai³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nĩ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ni³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (8)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nei/
Pan
Wuyun
/nei/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɛj/
Li
Rong
/nei/
Wang
Li
/niei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/niei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nej ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.nˤ[əj]/
English mud

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 9417
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*niːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. dirt (Classifier: c;  c)
      ―  wán   ―  play in the dirt
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 gau6 nai4 [Jyutping]  ―  a clod of earth
  2. mud
    /   ―  ruǎn  ―  soft mud
  3. clay
    娃娃  ―  wáwá  ―  clay doll
  4. any mush-like substance
      ―  shǔ  ―  mashed potato
    /   ―  jiāo  ―  Blu-Tack
    鷹嘴豆 / 鹰嘴豆  ―  yīngzuǐdòu  ―  hummus
  5. paint (used on walls)
  6. an ancient river in modern Hunan
  7. an ancient river in modern Gansu
  8. weak
  9. (Chinese mythology) a kind of animal lived in sea
  10. A surname​.
  11. () (phonology) a Middle Chinese initial and the 'Phags-pa script letter (n-)

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (8)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/neiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/neiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɛjH/
Li
Rong
/neiH/
Wang
Li
/nieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤər(ʔ)-s/
English impeded, obstructed (Lunyu)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 9421
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*niːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to sink into
  2. to be constrained
  3. to detain
  4. to paint
  5. to disturb
  6. to wallpaper
  7. to defile

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 泥泥.

Pronunciation 4[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 泥母.

Pronunciation 5[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
どろ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana どろ, rōmaji doro)

  1. mud
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ni>i) (hangeul >)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Character[edit]

Readings[edit]

References[edit]