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U+7406, 理
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7406

[U+7405]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7407]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
理-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 96, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一土田土 (MGWG), four-corner 16114, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 733, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21014
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1145, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1115, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+7406

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯʔ): semantic  (jade) + phonetic  (OC *rɯʔ).

According to Shuowen Jiezi, the character meant “to polish jade”. The current meaning “to order, tidy up” may be derived from it.

Etymology[edit]

"to cut jade, to mark out (field boundaries)"
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-rəj (draw, mark, boundary) (STEDT; Schuessler, 2007); cognate with Apatani a-rí (boundary), Mizo ri (boundary, frontier, border), Drung bri (to write), Mru pri (to scratch), Tibetan འབྲི ('bri, to write), Burmese ရေး (re:, to write) & စာရေး (care:, to write, clerk). Schuessler glossed its fundamental meaning as "cut in a regular way, divide into equal sections".
"to regulate"
STEDT groups this sense "to cut jade, to mark out (field boundaries)"; Schuessler (2007) noted that "to regulate" was often thought to be the same word as "to divide into sections", as the former sense might be derived from the latter.
"to administer"
Probably related to (, “to regulate”) (Schuessler, 2007)
"envoy, jail official, matchmaker"
Related to (, “official”), (shǐ, “scribe, historian”), and 使 (shì, “ambassador”)
Possibly the same word as "to administer".
According to Schuessler (2007), from Austroasiatic; compare Old Khmer re (to move, change position) & its derivatives Old Khmer pre (to send, order, assign, appoint, delegate, use, employ, make), in turn related to paṃre (to serve; service, duty; servant, delegate, representative, minister); with Sino-Tibetan causative *s- corresponding to Khmer causative *p-..

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨX/
Li
Rong
/liəX/
Wang
Li
/lĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/liX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ liX › ‹ liX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m(ə).rəʔ/ /*m(ə).rəʔ/
English cut jade; regulate reason; principle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7827
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to polish jade
  2. to put in order; to tidy up
  3. to manage; to run; to handle
  4. (usually in negative) to pay attention to; to care about
    他們 / 他们  ―  Tāmen bù wǒ.  ―  They are ignoring me.
    自己 [Cantonese, trad.]
    自己 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Keoi5 lin4 zi6 gei2 go3 zai2 dou1 m4 lei5. [Jyutping]
    He doesn't care about even his own son.
  5. to repair and maintain; to prune
  6. to revise; to review
  7. texture; grain (of wood)
      ―    ―  skin texture
  8. principle; inner essence
  9. reason; logic; truth; science
      ―  dào  ―  reasoning
      ―  xīn  ―  psychology
  10. natural science
  11. A surname​.
  12. envoy; jail-official; matchmaker

Synonyms[edit]

edit
  • (to repair and maintain): 修整 (xiūzhěng)
  • (texture): 紋路纹路 (wénlù)
  • (inner essence):
edit

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on’yomi

Noun[edit]

() (ri

  1. reason, logic

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おさ(む)
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Proper noun[edit]

(おさむ) (Osamu

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ri>i) (hangeul >)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, lẽ, nhẽ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville