Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
理-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 96 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一土田土 (MGWG), four-corner 16114, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 733, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21014
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1145, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1115, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+7406

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯʔ): semantic  ‎(jade) + phonetic  ‎(OC *rɯʔ).

According to Shuowen Jiezi, the character meant “to polish jade”. The current meaning “to order, tidy up” may be derived from it.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɨX/
Li
Rong
/liəX/
Wang
Li
/lĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/liX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ liX › ‹ liX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m(ə).rəʔ/ /*m(ə).rəʔ/
English cut jade; regulate reason; principle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7827
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to polish jade
  2. to put in order; to tidy up
  3. to manage; to run; to handle
  4. (usually in negative) to pay attention to; to care about
    他們 / 他们  ―  Tāmen bù wǒ.  ―  They are ignoring me.
    自己 [Cantonese, trad.]
    自己 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Keoi5 lin4 zi6 gei2 go3 zai2 dou1 m4 lei5. [Jyutping]
    He doesn't care about even his own son.
  5. to revise; to review
  6. texture; grain (of wood)
      ―    ―  skin texture
  7. principle; inner essence
  8. reason; logic; truth; science
      ―  dào  ―  reasoning
      ―  xīn  ―  psychology
  9. natural science
  10. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ri)

  1. reason, logic

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おさむ, romaji Osamu)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ri, i) (hangeul , , revised ri, i, McCune-Reischauer ri, i, Yale li, i)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, lẽ, nhẽ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville