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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
理-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯʔ): semantic  ‎(jade) + phonetic  ‎(OC *rɯʔ)

The original meaning was "veins in jade". The "logic" meaning might come from the association between jewels on a string and threads of a reasoning process.

According to the Shuowen Jiezi, the character meant "to polish jade". The current meaning "to order, tidy up" might come from it.

  • Lawrence J. Howell, Hikaru Morimoto (accessed 2014-03-03), “理”, in An Etymological Dictionary of Chinese Character Interpretations[1] (in Japanese/English)
  • Dileep Rajeev. (accessed 2014-03-03), “Chinese Characters An Ideographic Approach, Volume 2”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[2] (in English)

Han character[edit]

(radical 96 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一土田土 (MGWG), four-corner 16114, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 733, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21014
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1145, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1115, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+7406

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final: (19)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: lǐ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɨX/ /lɨX/ /lieX/ /lɨX/ /liəX/ /lĭəX/ /liX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ liX › /*m(ə).rəʔ/ cut jade; regulate
‹ liX › /*m(ə).rəʔ/ reason; principle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7827 0 /*rɯʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. texture, grain (of wood)
  2. principle , inner essence
  3. reason, logic, truth, science
  4. natural science

Verb[edit]

  1. to manage, to run, to handle
  2. to put in order, to tidy up
  3. (used in negative) to pay attention to; to care about
    他們不理 / 他们不理  ―  Tāmen bùlǐ wǒ.  ―  They are ignoring me.
    自己 / 自己 [Cantonese]  ―  Keoi5 lin4 zi6 gei2 go3 zai2 dou1 m4 lei5. [Jyutping]  ―  He doesn't care about even his own son.

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • in CEDICT on MDBG

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ri)

  1. reason, logic

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おさむ, romaji Osamu)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ri, i) (hangeul , , revised ri, i, McCune-Reischauer ri, i, Yale li, i)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, lẽ, nhẽ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville