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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
理-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (jade) + phonetic 

The original meaning was "veins in jade". The "logic" meaning might come from the association between jewels on a string and threads of a reasonning process.

According to the Shuo Wen, the character meant "to polish jade". The current meaning "to order, tidy up" might come from it.

Han character[edit]

(radical 96 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一土田土 (MGWG), four-corner 16114, composition)

  1. reason, logic
  2. manage
  3. (in China) a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 733, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21014
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1145, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1115, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+7406

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Yale lei5)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ri)

  1. reason

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana おさむ, romaji Osamu)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ri>i) (hangeul [[>]], revised ri>i, McCune-Reischauer ri>i, Yale li>i)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (li3), (ya2), Wade-Giles li3, ya2)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. texture, grain (of wood)
  2. principle , inner essence
  3. reason, logic, truth, science
  4. natural science

Verb[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. to manage, to run, to handle
  2. to put in order, to tidy up
  3. to pay attention (used in negative)
    他们不理我。tāmen bùlǐ wǒ
  4. they are ignoring me.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-03.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*liə̌)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, )

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: lẽ, lý (lí), nhẽ

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville