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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
理-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(jade) + phonetic 

The original meaning was "veins in jade". The "logic" meaning might come from the association between jewels on a string and threads of a reasoning process.

According to the Shuowen Jiezi, the character meant "to polish jade". The current meaning "to order, tidy up" might come from it.

Han character[edit]

(radical 96 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一土田土 (MGWG), four-corner 16114, composition)

  1. reason, logic
  2. manage
  3. A surname​.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 733, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21014
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1145, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1115, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+7406

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (理), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 良士切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨX/ /liX/ /liəX/ /lɨX/ /lɨX/ /lĭəX/ /lieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ liX › /*m(ə).rəʔ/ cut jade; regulate
‹ liX › /*m(ə).rəʔ/ reason; principle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7827 0 /*rɯʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. texture, grain (of wood)
  2. principle , inner essence
  3. reason, logic, truth, science
  4. natural science

Verb[edit]

  1. to manage, to run, to handle
  2. to put in order, to tidy up
  3. (used in negative) to pay attention to; to care about
    他們不理 [MSC, trad.]
    他们不理 [MSC, simp.]
    Tāmen bùlǐ wǒ. [Pinyin]
    They are ignoring me.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-03.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ri)

  1. reason

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おさむ, romaji Osamu)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ri>i) (hangeul >, revised ri>i, McCune-Reischauer ri>i, Yale li>i)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: lẽ, lý (lí), nhẽ

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville