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U+4ED4, 仔
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4ED4

[U+4ED3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4ED5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人弓木 (OND), four-corner 27247, composition)

  1. small thing, child
  2. young animal

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 92, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 367
  • Dae Jaweon: page 195, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 115, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4ED4

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with (OC *ʔslɯʔ) and (OC *ʔslɯːʔ, *srɯː, *srɯː). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation 1[edit]

simp. and trad.


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɨX/
Li
Rong
/t͡siəX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡siX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17858
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔslɯʔ/
Definitions[edit]

  1. (domesticated animals or fowls) young
    /   ―    ―  chick
  2. careful, meticulous
  3. (Taiwan) Alternative form of (, “seed”).
      ―  cài yóu  ―  rapeseed oil
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Definitions[edit]

(regional, chiefly Cantonese)

  1. son   (Classifier: ; c)
    真係 [Cantonese, trad.]
    真系 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Nei5 go3 zai2 zan1 hai6 hou2 gwaai1. [Jyutping]
    Your son is very well-behaved.
  2. child
    [Cantonese]  ―  naam4 zai2 [Jyutping]  ―  boy
    [Cantonese]  ―  neoi5 zai2 [Jyutping]  ―  girl
  3. young animal
  4. young person of a particular trait or occupation   (Classifier: )
    [Cantonese]  ―  fei4 zai2 [Jyutping]  ―  fatty
    打工 [Cantonese]  ―  daa2 gung1 zai2 [Jyutping]  ―  young worker
  5. (slang) boyfriend   (Classifier: c)
  6. a diminutive suffix
    [Cantonese]  ―  dang3 zai2 [Jyutping]  ―  small stool
    [Cantonese]  ―  suk1 zai2 [Jyutping]  ―  brother-in-law (husband's younger brother)
  7. a suffix for single-syllable nouns
    [Cantonese]  ―  zoek3 zai2 [Jyutping]  ―  a birdie
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

after name or title
after name or title

Weak form of (kiáⁿ, káⁿ). (Mandarin and Cantonese pronunciations in words borrowed from Min Nan are from etymology 1.)

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

(chiefly Min Nan)

  1. a diminutive suffix for nouns, adjectives or quantities
    [Min Nan]  ―  gín-á [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  child
    小叔 [Min Nan]  ―  sió-chek-á [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  brother-in-law (husband's younger brother)
    勻勻 / 匀匀 [Min Nan]  ―  ûn-ûn-á [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  slowly
    小可 [Min Nan]  ―  sió-khóa-á [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  a little bit
    /   ―    ―  Taiwanese opera
  2. a suffix that converts a verb or adjective into a noun
    [Min Nan]  ―  bín-á [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  brush
    [Min Nan]  ―  é-á [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  shorty
  3. a suffix placed after a name or title, used endearingly, humorously or pejoratively
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“general diminutive suffix”)
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Weak form of (kah, kap, “and”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) An interfix placed between two nouns to show the relationship between the two objects.
    [Min Nan]  ―  ang-á-bó͘ [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  husband and wife

Etymology 4[edit]

simp. and trad.

Weak form of (pah, “hundred”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) An interfix placed between two numbers to denote the value of 100, i.e. x y = 100x + 10y.
    [Min Nan]  ―  saⁿ-á-gō͘ [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  three hundred fifty

Etymology 5[edit]

simp. and trad.

Weak form of (tòaⁿ, “dawn”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) An interfix used limitedly in certain temporal location adverbs.
    [Min Nan]  ―  kin-á-ji̍t [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  today
    [Min Nan]  ―  bîn-á-chài [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  tomorrow

Etymology 6[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: In Northern Sixian, 仔 is pronounced as è when following the rising (31) and dark entering (2) tones.

Definitions[edit]

(Hakka)

  1. a suffix used after nouns
    / [Hakka]  ―  su-é [Pha̍k-fa-sṳ]  ―  tree
  2. a suffix that makes a derogatory slur
    阿山 [Hakka]  ―  â-sân-é [Pha̍k-fa-sṳ]  ―  Mainlander
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“general diminutive suffix”)
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen

Etymology 7[edit]

simp. and trad.

Cognate with (OC *ʔslɯːʔ, *ʔslɯːs, *zlɯːs, “to load; to carry”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɨ/
Li
Rong
/t͡siə/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17855
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔslɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 仔肩.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. offspring (animal)
  2. detailed, fine

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ja) (hangeul , revised ja, McCune-Reischauer cha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tử, tể)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]