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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
後-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 60 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹人女戈水 (HOVIE), four-corner 22247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 366, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10098
  • Dae Jaweon: page 688, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 822, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5F8C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  + 

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (33)
Final: (137)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: hòu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦəuX/ /ɦəuX/ /ɣəuX/ /ɦəwX/ /ɣuX/ /ɣəuX/ /ɣə̯uX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (33)
Final: (137)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: hòu
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦəuH/ /ɦəuH/ /ɣəuH/ /ɦəwH/ /ɣuH/ /ɣəuH/ /ɣə̯uH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hòu ‹ huwX › /*[ɢ]ˤ(r)oʔ/ after
hòu ‹ huwH › /*[ɢ]ˤ(r)oʔ-s/ put after ?

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5178 0 /*ɢoːʔ/
5179 0 𠋫 /*ɢoːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. later, after, afterwards
    /   ―  hòu  ―  after
    /   ―  ránhòu  ―  after, afterwards
  2. behind, rear, back
  3. descendants, offsprings
    /   ―  hòu  ―  to lack male offspring
  4. anus

Antonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. behind, after

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あと, romaji ato)

  1. the back; the rear; behind
  2. the rest

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -go)

  1. after

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana のち, romaji nochi)

  1. a time after the present time

Pronunciation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hu) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hu, Yale hwu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hậu)

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