Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
後-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 60 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹人女戈水 (HOVIE), four-corner 22247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 366, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10098
  • Dae Jaweon: page 688, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 822, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5F8C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
後-oracle.svg 後-bronze.svg 後-bigseal.svg 後-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  + .

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (33)
Final () (137) (137)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦəuX/ /ɦəuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəuX/ /ɦəuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣəuX/ /ɣəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəwX/ /ɦəwH/
Li
Rong
/ɣuX/ /ɣuH/
Wang
Li
/ɣəuX/ /ɣəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣə̯uX/ /ɣə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hòu hòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hòu hòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ huwX › ‹ huwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ˤ(r)oʔ/ /*[ɢ]ˤ(r)oʔ-s/
English after put after ?

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 5178 5179
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𠋫
Old
Chinese
/*ɢoːʔ/ /*ɢoːs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. behind; rear; back
    Antonyms: (qián)
  2. later; after; afterwards
    /   ―  hòu  ―  after
    /   ―  ránhòu  ―  after, afterwards
  3. descendants; offsprings
    /   ―  hòu  ―  to lack male offspring
  4. anus

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. behind, after

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
あと
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Originally an extension of ‎(ato, footprint; leftover), itself a compound of ‎(ato, foot) +‎ ‎(to, place).[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あと, romaji ato)

  1. (spatially) the back, the rear, behind
  2. (temporally) later, afterwards, some time after the present
  3. the rest

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
うしろ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Probably from Old Japanese. Usage examples appear in texts from at least the 900s.[1] Ultimate derivation unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana うしろ, romaji ushiro)

  1. the back, the rear (both spatially and temporally)
  2. one's backside

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
おくれ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

The 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 遅れる ‎(okureru, to be late; to be delayed; to come after something else). Examples appear from at least the 1300s.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おくれ, romaji okure)

  1. something later, after, or behind
  2. inferiority
  3. uncertainty, nervousness, indecision

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
しり
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Ultimate derivation unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (much more common)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しり, romaji shiri)

  1. Alternative spelling of : behind, tail, rump, butt, posterior

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
しりえ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Compound of ‎(shiri, butt, tail, rear) +‎ ‎(e, side, facing, way, direction).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しりえ, romaji shirie)

  1. the rear, back, or backside of something
  2. the rearward or backward direction
  3. the portion of a palace where a queen or other female imperial consort lives

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term
のち
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Ultimate derivation unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana のち, romaji nochi)

  1. later, afterwards, some time after the present

Etymology 7[edit]

Kanji in this term
ゆり
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Ultimate derivation unknown. May be cognate with より ‎(yori, from; after).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ゆり, romaji yuri)

  1. (obsolete) later, afterwards, some time after the present

Etymology 8[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(/ɦəuX/, /ɦəuH/, after). Classified as the tōon or "Tang sound", so likely borrowed from the dialects spoken during the Tang dynasty.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji go)

  1. later, afterwards, some time after the present

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -go)

  1. after

Etymology 9[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(/ɦəuX/, after). Classified as the kan'on, so likely a later borrowing. Compare modern Mandarin reading hòu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana こう, romaji kō-)

  1. prefixing element in kanji compounds, adding a meaning of later, after, following, rearward
Usage notes[edit]

Only used in compounds. Never used in isolation.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hu) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hu, Yale hwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hậu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.