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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rud): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *b·lud)

Han character[edit]

(radical 60 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹人中手 (HOLQ), four-corner 25207, composition)

  1. statute, principle, regulation, discipline

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 366, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10097
  • Dae Jaweon: page 687, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 821, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5F8B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ly⁵¹/
Harbin /ly⁵³/
Tianjin /luei⁵³/
/ly⁵³/
Jinan /ly²¹/
Qingdao /ly⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ly²⁴/
Xi'an /ly²¹/
Xining /l̩ʷ⁵³/
Yinchuan /ly¹³/
Lanzhou /ly¹³/
Ürümqi /ly²¹³/
Wuhan /ny²¹³/
Chengdu /nu³¹/
Guiyang /ni²¹/
Kunming /li³¹/
Nanjing /lyʔ⁵/
Hefei /lyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /lyəʔ²/
Pingyao /luʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /lyəʔ⁴³/
/ly⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /liəʔ³/
Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
Wenzhou /li²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ly²²/
/li²²/
Tunxi /li¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /li²⁴/
Xiangtan /ni²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /liʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lut̚⁵/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /løt̚²/
Nanning /lyt̚²²/
Hong Kong /løt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lut̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /luʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ly²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /luk̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lut̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final: (52)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: lv
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/liuɪt̚/ /lʷit̚/ /ljuet̚/ /lwit̚/ /liuĕt̚/ /lĭuĕt̚/ /li̯uĕt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lwit › /*[r]ut/ law, rule (n.)
‹ lwit › /*[r]ut/ 不律 writing brush (pron. in Wú 吳 ap. Shuōwén; E. Hàn)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15978 2 /*rud/

Definitions[edit]

  1. law
      ―    ―  law
  2. to control

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 律儀 - faithful, honest
  • 律詩 - Chinese poetry of eight lines, Lüshi
  • 律動 - rhythmic movement
  • 律法 - the laws of Judaism, Torah
  • 律令 - historical legal code based on Confucianism
  • 因果律 - law of causality
  • 音律 - musical tuning system
  • 戒律 - religious commandment
  • 可換律 - commutative law (in mathematics)
  • 法律 - law, statute

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryul, yul) (hangeul , , revised ryul, yul, McCune-Reischauer ryul, yul, Yale lyul, yul)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(luật, lót, lọt, rút, rụt, sụt, suốt, trót, luốt, rọt, sốt, trốt, trút)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.