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See also:
U+6144, 慄
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6144

[U+6143]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6145]
U+F9D9, 慄
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9D9

[U+F9D8]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9DA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心一田木 (PMWD), four-corner 91094, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 397, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11042
  • Dae Jaweon: page 736, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2336, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6144

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*riɡ
*riɡ
*riɡ
*riɡ
*riɡ
*riɡ
*riɡ
*riɡ
*riɡ
*riɡ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • nut5 - vernacular;
  • luut5 - literary.
  • Min Nan

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /li⁵¹/
    Harbin /li⁵³/
    Tianjin /li⁵³/
    Jinan /li²¹/
    Qingdao /li⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /li²⁴/
    Xi'an /li²¹/
    Xining /l̩⁵³/
    Yinchuan /li¹³/
    Lanzhou /li¹³/
    Ürümqi /li²¹³/
    Wuhan /ni²¹³/
    Chengdu /ni³¹/
    Guiyang /ni²¹/
    Kunming /li³¹/
    Nanjing /liʔ⁵/
    Hefei /liəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /liəʔ²/
    Pingyao /liʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /liəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /liɪʔ¹/
    Suzhou /liəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /liəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /li²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /li²²/
    Tunxi /le¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /li²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ni⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /liʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /lit̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /lit̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /løt̚²/
    Nanning /lɐt̚²²/
    Hong Kong /løt̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lit̚⁵/
    /lat̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /liʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lɛ⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /liak̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /lit̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (48)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /liɪt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lit̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ljet̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lit̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /liĕt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭĕt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯ĕt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7971
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*riɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to shiver; to shudder; to tremble
    2. (Taishanese) to be scared
      唔敢 / 唔敢 [Taishanese]  ―  to be so scared one won't dare move

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. fear
    2. tremble, shudder, shiver

    Readings[edit]

    Usage notes[edit]

    This character is not used much in modern Japanese.


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ryul>yul) (hangeul >, revised ryul>yul, McCune-Reischauer ryul>yul, Yale lyul>yul)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (lật)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.