lek

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See also: Lek, lék, lęk, łęk, -lek, and -lék

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Germanic roots meaning "play". In the biology sense, it comes specifically from Swedish lek (child's play), by means of Swedish leka (to play). The verb is first attested in English in 1871 and the noun at least as early as 1867.

Noun[edit]

lek (plural leks)

  1. (biology) an aggregation of male animals for the purposes of courtship and display
    • 1975, Edward O. Wilson, Sociobiology: The New Synthesis, figure caption, 2000, page 333,
      Each of the three displaying cocks occupies a small territory at the mating center of the lek.
    • 1997, John Kricher, A Neotropical Companion, →ISBN, page 278:
      Given that a combination of factors have "released" males from attending nests, why have some species organized their courtship bouts in leks, especially the tightly clumped leks that are typical of manakins and cocks-of-the-rock?
    • 2007, Kentwood D. Wells, The Ecology and Behavior of Amphibians, page 352,
      Nevertheless, it does appear that many of the processes of mate choice and sexual selection described for bird and mammal leks also apply to anuran choruses.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

lek (third-person singular simple present leks, present participle lekking, simple past and past participle lekked)

  1. (biology) to take part in the courtship and display behaviour of a lek
    • 1994, M. B. Andersson, Sexual Selection, page 164,
      Males in many lekking species have conspicuous morphological ornaments that may be targets of female choice, but male contest competition may also be involved.
    • 2000, George Barlow, The Cichlid Fishes: Nature's Grand Experiment In Evolution, page 79,
      The second reason lekking is so fascinating is because the males aggregate.
    • 2010, Boaz Yuval, Jorge Hendrichs 17: Behavior of Fruit Fly in the Genus Ceratitis (Dacinae: Ceratitidini), Martin Aluja, Allen Norrbom (editors), Fruit Flies (Tephritidae): Phylogeny and Evolution of Behavior, page 437,
      In a recent study (Yuval et al. 1998), the size and weight of males captured either lekking or resting at the same time in the vicinity of leks were measured.
    • 2010, Robert Michael Pyle, Mariposa Road: The First Butterfly Big Year, unnumbered page,
      Half a dozen of the thumbnail-size males lekked in a sunny glade.
  2. (Britain, dialect, Yorkshire, colloquial) to play
    T’lads are lekkin in t’park.
Translations[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The Yorkshire dialect word is rarely written and is pronounced differently in the different Ridings of Yorkshire. Compare laik, layk.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Albanian lek, named after Alexander the Great, whose name is often shortened to Leka in Albanian.

Noun[edit]

lek (plural leks or leku or lekë)

  1. the currency unit of Albania, divided into 100 qindarka
    • 1992, Mario I. Bléjer, Albania: From Isolation Toward Reform, page 56,
      With the loss of control by the Government over foreign exchange surrender requirements and the almost complete depletion of foreign exchange reserves, in early 1992 the official rate was further devalued to leks 50 = $1.
    • 1997, Igor Artimiev, Gary J. Fine, Country Studies: Albania, Ira W. Lieberman, Stilpon S. Nestor, Raj M. Desai, Between State and Market: Mass Privatization in Transition Economies, page 178,
      Enterprise shares are sold at voucher auctions in exchange for either immaterial privatization leks (through a bank transfer from the bidder's privatization lek account) or through privatization vouchers, which are submitted at the time of bidding.
    • 2003, Iraj Hoshi, Ewa Balcerowicz, Leszek Balcerowicz, Barriers to Entry and Growth of New Firms in Early Transition, page 253,
      Value Added Tax is another tax imposed on all enterprises with a yearly turnover of more than 2 million Leks. VAT was introduced in the Albanian tax system in 1995 replacing the old turnover tax.
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Albanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sq

Etymology[edit]

Named after Alexander the Great, whose name is often shortened to Leka in Albanian.

Noun[edit]

lek m (indefinite plural lekë, definite singular leku)

  1. lek (the currency unit of Albania)

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch leken, from Old Dutch *lekan, from Proto-Germanic *lekaną (to leak).[1] Or, from or related to laken (to lack, blame).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛk

Noun[edit]

lek n (plural lekken, diminutive lekje n)

  1. leak

Adjective[edit]

lek (comparative lekker, superlative lekst)

  1. leaky

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of lek
uninflected lek
inflected lekke
comparative lekker
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial lek lekker het lekst
het lekste
indefinite m./f. sing. lekke lekkere lekste
n. sing. lek lekker lekste
plural lekke lekkere lekste
definite lekke lekkere lekste
partitive leks lekkers

Verb[edit]

lek

  1. first-person singular present indicative of lekken
  2. imperative of lekken

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 1884–1928, and First Supplement, 1933.

Isthmus Mixe[edit]

Noun[edit]

lek

  1. toad

References[edit]

  • Dieterman, Julia; McCarty, James Michael, Jr.; Castañón López, Victoriano; Castañón Eugenio, María Dolores (2018) Breve diccionario del mixe del Istmo: Mogoñé Viejo, Oaxaca (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 52)‎[1] (in Spanish), Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 37

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

lek

  1. Alternative form of leke

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse leikr.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

lek m (definite singular leken, indefinite plural leker, definite plural lekene)

  1. play, playing
  2. a game, contest
    de olympiske lekerthe Olympic Games
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

From Albanian lek.

Noun[edit]

lek m (indeclinable)

  1. the lek, currency of Albania.

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

lek

  1. imperative of leke

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lek

  1. inflection of lekr:
    1. positive degree strong feminine nominative singular
    2. positive degree strong neuter nominative/accusative plural

Verb[edit]

lek

  1. inflection of leka:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěkъ.

Noun[edit]

lek m inan

  1. medicine
    Synonym: lekarstwo
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Albanian lek.

Noun[edit]

lek m anim

  1. lek (currency)
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • lek in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Samoan Plantation Pidgin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English leg.

Noun[edit]

lek

  1. leg, foot (of a human)
  2. limb (of an animal)

References[edit]

  • Ulrike Mosel, Tolai and Tok Pisin: the influence of the substratum on the development of New Guinea Pidgin (1980)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *lěkъ, borrowed from Gothic 𐌻𐌴𐌺𐌴𐌹𐍃 (lēkeis, physician)[1]. Compare Old Norse læknir, Old High German lahhi, Danish læge.

Noun[edit]

lȇk m (Cyrillic spelling ле̑к)

  1. medicine

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Petar Skok, Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika, Z., 1971, v. 2, p. 296: Obično se uzimlje da je praslavenska riječ posuđena iz gotske radne imenice lekeis

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lẹ̑k m inan

  1. medicine

Inflection[edit]

Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nominative lék
genitive léka
singular
nominative lék
accusative lék
genitive léka
dative léku
locative léku
instrumental lékom

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse leikr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lek c

  1. child's play; typically denotes pleasurable and less rule-bound games and activities
  2. deck of cards

Declension[edit]

Declension of lek 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lek leken lekar lekarna
Genitive leks lekens lekars lekarnas

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

lek

  1. imperative of leka. free play

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English leg.

Noun[edit]

lek

  1. leg, foot
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, 3:15:
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. footprint
  3. hindleg (of an animal)

References[edit]

  • Ulrike Mosel, Tolai and Tok Pisin: the influence of the substratum on the development of New Guinea Pidgin (1980)

Tzotzil[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Zinacantán) IPA(key): /lɛkʰ/

Adjective[edit]

lek

  1. good
    Antonym: chopol

Derived terms[edit]

(Verbal phrases)

References[edit]


Zhuang[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tai *ʰlekᴰ (iron), from Old Chinese (OC *l̥ʰiːɡ, “iron”). Cognate with Thai เหล็ก (lèk), Lao ເຫຼັກ (lek), Shan လဵၵ်း (lék), Tai Nüa ᥘᥥᥐᥱ (lěk), Ahom 𑜎𑜢𑜀𑜫 (lik), Nong Zhuang liak. Doublet of diet.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lek (old orthography lek)

  1. iron (metal).