elk

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See also: Elk and -elk

English[edit]

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Eurasian elk, or moose (Alces alces)
North American elk, or wapiti (Cervus canadensis)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English *elk, from Old English eolc, eolh (elk), from Proto-Germanic *elhaz, *algiz (elk) (compare Low German Elk, German Elch, Norwegian elg, Swedish älg), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁élḱis, *h₁ólḱis (compare Polish łoś, Russian лось (losʹ), Sanskrit ऋष्य (ṛśya, antelope), variant of *h₁elh₁én (compare German Elen, Tocharian A/B yäl/ylem ‘gazelle’, Lithuanian élnis ‘stag’, Armenian եղնիկ (ełnik) ‘doe, hind’).

Noun[edit]

elk (plural elk or elks)

  1. In the original meaning, an elk means any large species of deer such as red deer, moose or wapiti.
  2. The subspecies of the moose (Alces alces alces {alternatively named Eurasian elk because wapiti is also called elk}) that occurs only in Europe and Asia (not to be confused with the species called moose {Alces alces} which encompasses all subspecies of the moose, the definition refers only to the Eurasian counterpart of the moose)
  3. (Britain) The largest member of the deer family (Alces alces); a moose.
  4. (Canada, US) The common wapiti (Cervus canadensis); the second largest member of the deer family, smaller only than a moose.
Usage notes[edit]

Notice that the word elk is used in the same way as the word caribou is used for the subspecies of the reindeer. The only difference here is that it refers only to a single subspecies, while caribou refers to several subspecies of the reindeer.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

elk (plural elks)

  1. Alternative form of elke (the swan Cygnus ferus)

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch elk.

Pronoun[edit]

elk

  1. (rather rare, literary) everyone; everybody

Synonyms[edit]

Determiner[edit]

elk

  1. (in expressions only) Alternative form of elke (every)
    in elk geval — “in every (i.e. any) case”

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare English each, West Frisian elk.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

elk

  1. each; every

Usage notes[edit]

  • The Dutch determiners elk and ieder are perfectly interchangeable. They do not exhibit the slight distinction that is usually made between English each and every.[1]

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of elk
uninflected elk
inflected elke
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial elk
indefinite m./f. sing. elke
n. sing. elk
plural elke
definite elke
partitive

Synonyms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

elk

  1. (chiefly in expressions) everyone; everybody
    Melk is goed voor elk.
    Milk is good for everyone.
    Elk op zijn beurt.
    One at a time. (Literally: Everybody at their turn.)

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Dutch elk, English each.

Pronoun[edit]

elk

  1. (singular) each, every
  2. (plural) some, many

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]