para

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Contents

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Serbo-Croatian pàra/па̀ра, from Ottoman Turkish پاره ‎(pare, para), from Persian پاره ‎(pâre).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

para ‎(plural paras)

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

  1. Formerly, a subunit of currency in several countries in the Ottoman/Turkish and Yugoslav regions.

Etymology 2[edit]

The second part of words such as primipara and multipara

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with enPR or the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

para ‎(plural paras)

  1. (medicine) A woman who has had a certain number of pregnancies, indicated by the number prepended to this word.
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Shortened from paragraph

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

para ‎(plural paras)

  1. A paragraph.

Etymology 4[edit]

Shortened from paratrooper

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

para ‎(plural paras)

  1. A paratrooper.

Etymology 5[edit]

Shortened from paralytic

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

para ‎(comparative more para, superlative most para)

  1. (Britain, Australia, slang) very drunk

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Back formation from përpara, from Proto-Albanian *pər-parə-a, from Proto-Indo-European *pr̥H-e/o-s ‎(before, in front)

Preposition[edit]

para (+ablative)

  1. before
  2. in front of
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Ottoman Turkish پاره ‎(pare, para), from Persian پاره ‎(pâre).

Noun[edit]

para f (indefinite plural para, definite singular paraja, definite plural paratë)

  1. money

Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

para

  1. third-person singular present indicative of parar
  2. second-person singular imperative of parar

Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

para

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of parar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of parar

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish پاره ‎(pare, para), from Persian پاره ‎(pâre).

Noun[edit]

para

  1. cash, money

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: pa‧ra

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English para (paratrooper).

Noun[edit]

para f, m ‎(plural para's)

  1. para (paratrooper)

Synonyms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

para

  1. (witchcraft) A being created to bring milk or butter to its creator.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of para (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative para parat
genitive paran parojen
partitive paraa paroja
illative paraan paroihin
singular plural
nominative para parat
accusative nom. para parat
gen. paran
genitive paran parojen
parainrare
partitive paraa paroja
inessive parassa paroissa
elative parasta paroista
illative paraan paroihin
adessive paralla paroilla
ablative paralta paroilta
allative paralle paroille
essive parana paroina
translative paraksi paroiksi
instructive paroin
abessive paratta paroitta
comitative paroineen

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Verb[edit]

para

  1. third-person singular past historic of parer

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Preposition[edit]

para

  1. for (directed at, intended to belong to)
  2. for (to obtain)
  3. to, toward (indicating destination)
  4. for (by the standards of)
  5. (after a form of estar) about to
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

para f ‎(plural paras)

  1. peel; rind; skin (outer layer of a fruit or vegetable)
Synonyms[edit]

Gamo[edit]

Noun[edit]

para

  1. horse

References[edit]

  • Corinna Handschuh, A typology of marked-S languages

Guaraní[edit]

Noun[edit]

para

  1. sea

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɒrɒ]
  • Hyphenation: pa‧ra

Etymology 1[edit]

Origin uncertain.

Noun[edit]

para ‎(plural parák)

  1. suber, cork
  2. (slang) fear
Declension[edit]
Inflection (plural in -k, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative para parák
accusative parát parákat
dative parának paráknak
instrumental parával parákkal
causal-final paráért parákért
translative parává parákká
terminative paráig parákig
essive-formal paraként parákként
essive-modal
inessive parában parákban
superessive parán parákon
adessive paránál paráknál
illative parába parákba
sublative parára parákra
allative parához parákhoz
elative parából parákból
delative paráról parákról
ablative parától paráktól
Possessive forms of para
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. parám paráim
2nd person sing. parád paráid
3rd person sing. parája parái
1st person plural paránk paráink
2nd person plural parátok paráitok
3rd person plural parájuk paráik
Derived terms[edit]
Compound words

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Ottoman Turkish پاره ‎(para, money), from Persian پاره ‎(pâre, piece).

Noun[edit]

para ‎(plural parák)

  1. para (a subunit of Ottoman currency)
Derived terms[edit]

Ido[edit]

Adjective[edit]

para

  1. (mathematics) even

Antonyms[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

para

  1. some, the (when talking about people)

Article[edit]

para

  1. the

Noun[edit]

para

  1. present (person)
  2. joint, shared

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

para f ‎(plural pare)

  1. para rubber
  2. crepe (for shoes)

Verb[edit]

para

  1. third-person singular present indicative of parare
  2. second-person singular imperative of parare

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

parā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of parō

Lithuanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

para f

  1. 24 hours (day)
    Aš manau kad užtruks apie vieną parą.
    I think it will take about 24 hours.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

para n pl

  1. definite plural of par

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

para n pl

  1. definite plural of par

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *para, *parъ.

Noun[edit]

para f

  1. (uncountable) steam, water in gaseous phase
  2. (uncountable) breath
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle High German pâr (German Paar), from Latin pār.

Noun[edit]

para f

  1. couple (two partners in a romantic relationship)
  2. pair (two objects)
Declension[edit]

External links[edit]

  • para in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Earlier pera, from Old Portuguese pera, from Latin per ‎(through) + ad ‎(to).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • pera (obsolete)
  • pra (eye dialect)
  • pa (eye dialect)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Portugal, Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈpa.ɾɐ/
  • (informal, chiefly Brazil) IPA(key): /pɾa/, /pɾɐ/
  • (informal, chiefly Africa and rural Brazil) IPA(key): /pa/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧ra

Preposition[edit]

para

  1. for (directed at, intended to belong to or to be appropriate for)
    • 2005, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e o Enigma do Príncipe (Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince), Rocco, page 186:
      Tenho um recado para você.
      I have a message for you.
    Ração para gatos.
    Food for cats.
    O que é bom para gripe?
    What is good for the flu?
  2. indicates application of an adjective; to
    • 2000, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e o Cálice de Fogo (Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire), Rocco, page 514:
      E quantos serão bastante tolos para ficar longe de mim?
      And how many will be foolish enough to stay away from me?
  3. to; so; in order to (indicates purpose)
    Comprei um baixo para tocar numa banda.
    I bought a bass to play in a band.
  4. towards; to; in the direction of (indicates destination)
    • 2003, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e a Ordem da Fênix (Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix), Rocco, page 656:
      Ele podia ouvi-la se deslocando para a direita, para obter uma visão desimpedida dele.
      He could hear her moving herself to the right, to obtain an unobstructed view of him.
    Vamos para a minha casa.
    Let’s go to my house.
  5. introduces the location, direction or context that applies to a verb
    Essa janela abre para um longo vale.
    This window opens into a long valley.
  6. to (to the value of)
    A cor da banana foi de amarelo para preto.
    The colour of the banana went from yellow to black.
    O valor da casa da minha casa baixou para menos do que o que eu paguei.
    The value of my house lowered to less than what I paid.
  7. in the opinion of
    Para mim, esse livro é um dos melhores da história.
    In my opinion, this book is one of the best ever.
  8. (with an infinitive) about to; soon to be (indicates that something will happen soon)
    Fiquem quietos que o filme está para começar.
    Be quiet because the film is about to begin.

Usage notes[edit]

Para + definite article contractions are nonstandard and thus not used in serious writing, but are very widespread in speech and informal writing. Those without the R are even more nonstandard:

Para + indefinite article contactions are also nonstandard, but are not as common:

There are some para + personal pronoun contractions, which are also nonstandard and uncommon in writing:

Some senses of para, such as “in order to”, introduce a subordinate clause. When this clauses begins with a personal pronoun, some speakers use a prepositional pronoun instead of a nominative one:

  • Comprei um bolo para mim comer.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

instead of

  • Comprei um bolo para eu comer.
    I bought a cake for me to eat.

Such usage is strongly proscribed.

Synonyms[edit]

Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:para.

Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected form of parar ‎(to stop).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

para

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of parar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of parar

Quechua[edit]

Noun[edit]

para

  1. rain

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *para, *parъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pâra/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧ra

Noun[edit]

pȁra f ‎(Cyrillic spelling па̏ра)

  1. steam
  2. vapor
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Ottoman Turkish پاره ‎(pare, para), from Persian پاره ‎(pâre).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pǎra/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧ra

Noun[edit]

pàra f ‎(Cyrillic spelling па̀ра)

  1. para (Yugoslav currency)
  2. (colloquial) money (usually in plural)
Declension[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A corruption of the older form pora (a combination of por and a, or from Latin pro ad), influenced by the archaic preposition par.[1]

Preposition[edit]

para

  1. for
  2. to
Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin parāre, present active infinitive of parō.

Verb[edit]

para

  1. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of parar.
  2. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of parar.

Etymology 3[edit]

present active infinitive of parir.

Verb[edit]

para

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of parir.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of parir.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From par +‎ -a.

Verb[edit]

para

  1. to pair, match into pairs
  2. to mate (animals)

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Spanish para ‎(for).

Conjunction[edit]

para

  1. For; so; in order that.
    Tumakbo ako para makaabot sa kanila.
    I ran to catch up with them.
Synonyms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

para

  1. for
    Nagtatrabaho si Ate Virgie para sa kanyang pamilya.
    Virgie works for her family.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Spanish para ‎(stop) (second person singular imperative), from parar ‎(stop)

Interjection[edit]

para

  1. Said by any jeepney passenger to call onto the driver to halt the vehicle, with the intention of dismounting.
Synonyms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The word is usually paired with ho for respect: para ho.


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish پاره ‎(pare, para), from Persian پاره ‎(pâre), from Middle Persian [Term?].

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pɑˈɾɑ/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧ra

Noun[edit]

para ‎(definite accusative parayı, plural paralar)

  1. money

Declension[edit]