para

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Contents

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Serbo-Croatian pàra/па̀ра, from Ottoman Turkish پاره(pare, para), from Persian پاره(pâre).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

para (plural paras)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
  1. (historical) A former subunit of currency in several countries in the Ottoman/Turkish and Yugoslav regions.

Etymology 2[edit]

The second part of words such as primipara and multipara

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with enPR or the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

para (plural paras)

  1. (medicine) A woman who has had a certain number of pregnancies, indicated by the number prepended to this word.
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Shortened from paragraph

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

para (plural paras)

  1. Clipping of paragraph.

Etymology 4[edit]

Shortened from paratrooper

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

para (plural paras)

  1. A paratrooper.

Etymology 5[edit]

Shortened from paralytic

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: păʹrə, IPA(key): /ˈpæɹə/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

para (comparative more para, superlative most para)

  1. (Britain, Australia, slang) very drunk
Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


'Are'are[edit]

Noun[edit]

para

  1. fishhook

Verb[edit]

para

  1. be white

References[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Back formation from përpara, from Proto-Albanian *pər-parə-a, from Proto-Indo-European *pr̥H-e/o-s (before, in front)

Preposition[edit]

para (+ablative)

  1. before
  2. in front of
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish پاره(pare, para), from Persian پاره(pâre).

Noun[edit]

para f (indefinite plural para, definite singular paraja, definite plural paratë)

  1. money

Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

para

  1. third-person singular present indicative of parar
  2. second-person singular imperative of parar

Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

para

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of parar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of parar

Cebuano[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pa‧ra

Verb[edit]

para

  1. to flag down; to signal to, especially to stop a passing vehicle etc.
  2. to signal a driver to stop in order for one to alight a vehicle

Preposition[edit]

para

  1. for

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish پاره(pare, para), from Persian پاره(pâre).

Noun[edit]

para

  1. cash, money

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English para (paratrooper).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: pa‧ra

Noun[edit]

para f or m (plural para's)

  1. para (paratrooper)

Synonyms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From paro (pair) +‎ -a.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpara/
  • Hyphenation: par‧a
  • Rhymes: -ara

Adjective[edit]

para (accusative singular paran, plural paraj, accusative plural parajn)

  1. even (not odd)

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pa‧ra
  • Rhymes: -ɑrɑ
  • IPA(key): /ˈpɑrɑ/, [ˈpɑrɑ]

Noun[edit]

para

  1. (witchcraft) A being created to bring milk or butter to its creator.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of para (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative para parat
genitive paran parojen
partitive paraa paroja
illative paraan paroihin
singular plural
nominative para parat
accusative nom. para parat
gen. paran
genitive paran parojen
parainrare
partitive paraa paroja
inessive parassa paroissa
elative parasta paroista
illative paraan paroihin
adessive paralla paroilla
ablative paralta paroilta
allative paralle paroille
essive parana paroina
translative paraksi paroiksi
instructive paroin
abessive paratta paroitta
comitative paroineen
Possessive forms of para (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person parani paramme
2nd person parasi paranne
3rd person paransa

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

para

  1. third-person singular past historic of parer

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Preposition[edit]

para

  1. for (directed at, intended to belong to)
  2. for (to obtain)
  3. to, toward (indicating destination)
  4. for (by the standards of)
  5. (after a form of estar) about to
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

para f (plural paras)

  1. peel; rind; skin (outer layer of a fruit or vegetable)
Synonyms[edit]

Gamo[edit]

Noun[edit]

para

  1. horse

References[edit]

  • Corinna Handschuh, A typology of marked-S languages

Guaraní[edit]

Noun[edit]

para

  1. sea

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɒrɒ]
  • Hyphenation: pa‧ra

Etymology 1[edit]

Of uncertain origin.

Noun[edit]

para (plural parák)

  1. suber, cork
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative para parák
accusative parát parákat
dative parának paráknak
instrumental parával parákkal
causal-final paráért parákért
translative parává parákká
terminative paráig parákig
essive-formal paraként parákként
essive-modal
inessive parában parákban
superessive parán parákon
adessive paránál paráknál
illative parába parákba
sublative parára parákra
allative parához parákhoz
elative parából parákból
delative paráról parákról
ablative parától paráktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
paráé paráké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
paráéi parákéi
Possessive forms of para
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. parám paráim
2nd person sing. parád paráid
3rd person sing. parája parái
1st person plural paránk paráink
2nd person plural parátok paráitok
3rd person plural parájuk paráik
Derived terms[edit]

(Compound words):

Etymology 2[edit]

Perhaps from paranoia.

Noun[edit]

para

  1. (slang) fear
    Synonyms: félelem, rettegés
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative para parák
accusative parát parákat
dative parának paráknak
instrumental parával parákkal
causal-final paráért parákért
translative parává parákká
terminative paráig parákig
essive-formal paraként parákként
essive-modal
inessive parában parákban
superessive parán parákon
adessive paránál paráknál
illative parába parákba
sublative parára parákra
allative parához parákhoz
elative parából parákból
delative paráról parákról
ablative parától paráktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
paráé paráké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
paráéi parákéi
Possessive forms of para
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. parám paráim
2nd person sing. parád paráid
3rd person sing. parája parái
1st person plural paránk paráink
2nd person plural parátok paráitok
3rd person plural parájuk paráik
Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

para (comparative parább, superlative legparább)

  1. (slang) scary, spooky, sinister, dark
    Synonyms: félelmetes, rémisztő, ijesztő, baljós
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative para parák
accusative parát parákat
dative parának paráknak
instrumental parával parákkal
causal-final paráért parákért
translative parává parákká
terminative paráig parákig
essive-formal paraként parákként
essive-modal
inessive parában parákban
superessive parán parákon
adessive paránál paráknál
illative parába parákba
sublative parára parákra
allative parához parákhoz
elative parából parákból
delative paráról parákról
ablative parától paráktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
paráé paráké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
paráéi parákéi

Etymology 3[edit]

From paraméter.

Noun[edit]

para

  1. (slang) (physical) parameter (height, weight, and age, often asked at the beginning of online dating)
    Mik a paráid?What are your parameters?
    Synonym: paraméter
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative para parák
accusative parát parákat
dative parának paráknak
instrumental parával parákkal
causal-final paráért parákért
translative parává parákká
terminative paráig parákig
essive-formal paraként parákként
essive-modal
inessive parában parákban
superessive parán parákon
adessive paránál paráknál
illative parába parákba
sublative parára parákra
allative parához parákhoz
elative parából parákból
delative paráról parákról
ablative parától paráktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
paráé paráké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
paráéi parákéi
Possessive forms of para
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. parám paráim
2nd person sing. parád paráid
3rd person sing. parája parái
1st person plural paránk paráink
2nd person plural parátok paráitok
3rd person plural parájuk paráik

Etymology 4[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish پاره(para, money), from Persian پاره(pâre, piece).

Noun[edit]

para (plural parák)

  1. para (a subunit of Ottoman currency)
Derived terms[edit]

Ido[edit]

Adjective[edit]

para

  1. (mathematics) even

Antonyms[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Adverb[edit]

para

  1. some, the (when talking about people)

Article[edit]

para

  1. the

Noun[edit]

para (plural, first-person possessive paraku, second-person possessive paramu, third-person possessive paranya)

  1. present (person)
  2. joint, shared

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

para f (plural pare)

  1. crepe rubber
  2. crepe (for shoes)

Verb[edit]

para

  1. third-person singular present indicative of parare
  2. second-person singular imperative of parare

Anagrams[edit]


Javanese[edit]

Article[edit]

para

  1. marker of group or collectivity

Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese parar.

Verb[edit]

para

  1. to stop

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

parā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of parō

References[edit]


Lithuanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

para f

  1. 24 hours (day)
    Aš manau kad užtruks apie vieną parą.
    I think it will take about 24 hours.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

para n pl

  1. definite plural of par

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

para n pl

  1. definite plural of par

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

para

  1. other, another
  2. alien
  3. outsider

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • para in Pali Text Society (1921–1925), Pali-English Dictionary, London: Chipstead. (licensed under CC-BY-NC)

Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Spanish pájaro and Portuguese pássaro and Kabuverdianu pasaru.

Noun[edit]

para

  1. bird

Etymology 2[edit]

From Portuguese parar and Spanish parar and Kabuverdianu para.

Verb[edit]

para

  1. to stop
  2. to stand

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *para, *parъ.

Noun[edit]

para f

  1. (uncountable) steam, water in gaseous phase
  2. (uncountable) breath
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle High German pâr (German Paar), from Latin pār.

Noun[edit]

para f

  1. couple (two partners in a romantic relationship)
  2. pair (two objects)
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • para in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • para in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Earlier pera, from Old Portuguese pera, from Latin per (through) + ad (to).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • pera (obsolete)
  • pra (eye dialect)
  • pa (eye dialect)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈpa.ɾɐ/
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /ˈpɐ.ɾɐ/
  • (informal, chiefly Brazil) IPA(key): /pɾa/, /pɾɐ/
  • (informal, chiefly Africa and rural Brazil) IPA(key): /pa/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧ra

Preposition[edit]

para

  1. for (directed at, intended to belong to or to be appropriate for)
    Ração para gatos.
    Food for cats.
    O que é bom para gripe?
    What is good for the flu?
  2. indicates application of an adjective; to
  3. to; so; in order to (indicates purpose)
    Comprei um baixo para tocar numa banda.
    I bought a bass to play in a band.
  4. towards; to; in the direction of (indicates destination)
    Vamos para a minha casa.
    Let’s go to my house.
  5. introduces the location, direction or context that applies to a verb
    Essa janela abre para um longo vale.
    This window opens into a long valley.
  6. to (to the value of)
    A cor da banana foi de amarelo para preto.
    The colour of the banana went from yellow to black.
    O valor da casa da minha casa baixou para menos do que o que eu paguei.
    The value of my house lowered to less than what I paid.
  7. in the opinion of
    Para mim, esse livro é um dos melhores da história.
    In my opinion, this book is one of the best ever.
  8. (with an infinitive) about to; soon to be (indicates that something will happen soon)
    Fiquem quietos que o filme está para começar.
    Be quiet because the film is about to begin.

Contractions[edit]

Para + definite article contractions are nonstandard and thus not used in serious writing, but are very widespread in speech and informal writing. Those without r are even more nonstandard:

Para + indefinite article contractions are also nonstandard, but are not as common:

There are some para + personal pronoun contractions, which are also nonstandard and uncommon in writing:

Usage notes[edit]

Some senses of para, such as 'in order to', introduce a subordinate clause. When this clause begins with a personal pronoun, some speakers use a prepositional pronoun instead of a nominative one:

  • Comprei um bolo para mim comer.
    I bought a cake for me to eat.

instead of the correct

  • Comprei um bolo para eu comer.
    I bought a cake for me to eat.

Such usage is strongly proscribed.

Synonyms[edit]

Quotations[edit]

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:para.

Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflected form of parar (to stop).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

para

  1. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of parar
  2. second-person singular (tu, sometimes used with você) affirmative imperative of parar

Quechua[edit]

Noun[edit]

para

  1. rain

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Sanaviron[edit]

Noun[edit]

para

  1. water

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Julio Salinardi, Córdoba y Traslasierra: integración y disgregación (2006): Con respecto a la lengua sanavirona, hay algunas palabras cuyo significado es seguro, tales comon sacat (pueblo), charaba (cacique), para (agua) y mampa (acequia).
  • Čestmír Loukotka, ‎Johannes Wilbert (editor), Classification of South American Indian Languages (1968, Los Angeles: Latin American Studies Center, University of California), page(s) 48

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *para, *parъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pâra/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧ra

Noun[edit]

pȁra f (Cyrillic spelling па̏ра)

  1. steam
  2. vapor
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish پاره(pare, para), from Persian پاره(pâre).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pǎra/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧ra

Noun[edit]

pàra f (Cyrillic spelling па̀ра)

  1. para (Yugoslav currency)
  2. (colloquial) money (usually in plural)
Declension[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A corruption of the older form pora (a combination of por and a, or from Latin pro ad), influenced by the archaic preposition par.[1]

Preposition[edit]

para

  1. for, to (expressing a recipient)
    La niña compró un regalo de navidad para su abuela.The girl bought a Christmas gift for her grandmother.
    Ahora me gustaría hacer un truco de magia para ustedes.I'd now like to perform a magic trick for you-all.
  2. to, in order to, so, for (expressing the intended purpose of an action)
    Estudio cada noche sin descanso para conseguir un trabajo decente al fin de todo esto.
    I study every night tirelessly so I get a decent job at the end of all this.
    Voy a salir temprano para evitar el tráfico.I am going to leave early to avoid traffic.
  3. by, due, due on, due by (expressing a deadline)
    Necesito tu decisión para fin de mes.I need your decision by the end of the month.
    Sus proyectos de grupo son para el viernes sin excepción.Your group projects are due Friday without exception.
  4. for (expressing contrast from what is expected)
    Para una turista americana, él es en realidad bastante respetuoso.
    For an American tourist, he is actually pretty respectful.
  5. for, to, in one's opinion, as far as one is concerned (expressing an opinion, perception or perspective)
    Para mí, la música es lo único bueno sobre esa película.
    For me, the music was the only good thing about that film.
    Para mi hermano, su esposa tiene toda la razón.
    As far as my brother is concerned, his wife is totally in the right.
  6. for, to, in one's opinion, as far as one is concerned (expressing using one's efforts for a group or an authority figure such as a sports team or a company/boss)
    Mi sobrino juega para el equipo de los Patos Poderosos.My nephew plays for the Mighty Ducks' team.
    Trabajamos para la misma jefe aunque no al mismo tiempo.
    We worked for the same boss but not at the same time.
    Ella trabajó para Microsoft durante años, pero ahora trabaja para Apple.
    She worked for Microsoft for years, but now she works for Apple.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Hiligaynon: para
  • Tagalog: para
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Form of parar.

Verb[edit]

para

  1. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of parar.
  2. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of parar.

Etymology 3[edit]

Form of parir.

Verb[edit]

para

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of parir.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of parir.

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From par +‎ -a.

Verb[edit]

para

  1. to pair, match into pairs
  2. to mate (animals)

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish para (for).

Conjunction[edit]

para

  1. For; so; in order that.
    Tumakbo ako para makaabot sa kanila.
    I ran to catch up with them.
Synonyms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

para

  1. for
    Nagtatrabaho si Ate Virgie para sa kanyang pamilya.
    Virgie works for her family.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish para (stop) (second person singular imperative), from parar (stop)

Interjection[edit]

para

  1. Said by any jeepney passenger to call onto the driver to halt the vehicle, with the intention of dismounting.
Usage notes[edit]

The word is usually paired with ho for respect: para ho.

Synonyms[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish پاره(pare, para), from Persian پاره(pâre).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pɑˈɾɑ/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧ra

Noun[edit]

para (definite accusative parayı, plural paralar)

  1. money

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative para
Definite accusative parayı
Singular Plural
Nominative para paralar
Definite accusative parayı paraları
Dative paraya paralara
Locative parada paralarda
Ablative paradan paralardan
Genitive paranın paraların

Descendants[edit]