par

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Contents

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Abbreviation.

Abbreviation[edit]

par

  1. paragraph
  2. parallel
  3. parenthesis
  4. parish

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from French par(through, by), from Latin per(through).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

par

  1. By; with.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Used frequently in Middle English in phrases taken from French, being sometimes written as a part of the word which it governs; as, par amour, or paramour; par cas, or parcase; par fay, or parfay.

Noun[edit]

par ‎(plural pars)

  1. Equal value; equality of nominal and actual value; the value expressed on the face or in the words of a certificate of value, as a bond or other commercial paper.
  2. Equality of condition or circumstances.
  3. (golf, mostly uncountable) The allotted number of strokes to reach the hole.
    He needs to make this shot for par.
  4. (golf, countable) A hole in which a player achieves par.
    • 2009, January 18, Paul Casey storms to four-stroke lead in Abu Dhabi[1]:
      Kaymer started with six straight pars before making a birdie on the seventh and an eagle on the eighth.
  5. (Britain) An amount which is taken as an average or mean.
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

par ‎(third-person singular simple present pars, present participle parring, simple past and past participle parred)

  1. (transitive, golf) To reach the hole in the allotted number of strokes.
    He will need to par every hole in order to win this game.

Etymology 3[edit]

Compare Scottish Gaelic bradan(salmon).

Noun[edit]

par ‎(plural pars)

  1. Young salmon. (also spelled parr)

Anagrams[edit]


Ambonese Malay[edit]

Preposition[edit]

par

  1. for

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin pāreō. Compare Daco-Romanian părea, par.

Noun[edit]

par

  1. I seem, appear.
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin pālus. Compare Daco-Romanian par.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

par

  1. stake

Related terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From late Old Norse par, from Middle Low German par, from Latin pār.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

par n (singular definite parret, plural indefinite par)

  1. pair
  2. couple
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from English par.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /paːr/, [pʰɑː]

Noun[edit]

par c

  1. (golf) par (the allotted number of strokes to reach the hole)

Etymology 3[edit]

See parre.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /paːr/, [pʰɑːˀ]

Verb[edit]

par

  1. imperative of parre

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From late Old Norse par, from Middle Low German par, from Latin pār.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

par n (genitive singular pars, plural pør)

  1. pair

Declension[edit]

n5 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative par parið pør pørini
Accusative par parið pør pørini
Dative pari parinum pørum pørunum
Genitive pars parsins para paranna

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French par, from Old French par, from Latin per, from Proto-Indo-European *peri.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

par

  1. through
    par la fenêtre‎ ― through the window
    aller par le parc‎ ― go through the park
  2. by (used to introduce a means)
    voyager par train‎ ― travel by train
    par surprise‎ ― by surprise
  3. over (used to express direction)
    Viens par ici !‎ ― Come over here!
  4. from (used to describe the origin of something, especially a view or movement)
    voir par devant‎ ― see from the back
    le liquide est arrivé par le robinet‎ ― the liquid arrived from the tap
  5. around, round (inside of)
    par tout le cinéma‎ ― all around the cinema
  6. on (situated on, used in certain phrase)
    par terre‎ ― on the ground
  7. on, at, in (used to denote a time something occurs)
    par un beau jour‎ ― on a nice day
    par un soir‎ ― in one evening
  8. in
    marcher par deux‎ ― walk in twos
  9. per, a, an
    trois fois par semaine‎ ― three times a week
  10. out of (used to describe the reason for something)
    par pure colère‎ ― out of pure anger
    par tristesse‎ ― out of sadness
  11. for
  12. by (used to introduce the agent in a passive construction)
    le bateau est attaqué par des pirates.‎ ― the boat is [being] attacked by pirates.

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

par m ‎(plural pars)

  1. (golf) par

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin per.

Preposition[edit]

par

  1. for
  2. through
  3. by

Gabrielino-Fernandeño[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

par

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Kroeber, Shoshonean Dialects of California, in University of California Publications: American archaeology and ethnology, volume 4, page 81
  • HG

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German par, from Latin pār(equal).

Noun[edit]

par n ‎(genitive singular pars, nominative plural pör)

  1. pair
  2. a couple, two people who are dating
  3. (poker) pair
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from English par.

Noun[edit]

par n ‎(genitive singular pars, no plural)

  1. (golf) par
Declension[edit]

Indo-Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese para, from Old Portuguese pera, from Latin per(through) + ad(to).

Preposition[edit]

par

  1. (Diu) to (indicates indirect object)
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      Já fallou par su pai aquêl mais piquin, []
      The youngest one told (literally: said to) his father []
  2. (Diu) for (indicates subject of an infinitive)
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      Trasê tamêm um vaquinh bem gord e matá par nós comê e par nós regalá:
      Bring also a small and very fat cow and kill (it) for us to eat and for us to regale ourselves:

Istriot[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin per.

Preposition[edit]

par

  1. for
  2. through

Kurdish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

par f

  1. share, part

Etymology[edit]

From *p- + *ar-, cognate with Avestan [script needed](yārə-, year), English year, all from Proto-Indo-European *yeh₁r-(year).

Noun[edit]

par f

  1. last year

Adverb[edit]

par

  1. last year

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unclear. A traditional reconstruction is Proto-Indo-European *perH-(exchange), comparing Ancient Greek πέρνημι(pérnēmi) etc. and Lithuanian pirkti; but this accounts badly for the /a(ː)/. Others refrain from assigning an Indo-European root.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pār m, f, n ‎(genitive paris); third declension

  1. even (of a numbers)
  2. equal
  3. like
  4. suitable

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative pār parēs paria
genitive paris parium
dative parī paribus
accusative parem pār parēs paria
ablative parī paribus
vocative pār parēs paria

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

par ‎(with accusative)

  1. about, on
  2. than
  3. for (price)
  4. as

Lojban[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

par

  1. rafsi of cpare(climbs/clambers/creeps/crawls).

Anagrams[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French par.

Conjunction[edit]

par

  1. by (introduces an agent)
    • 1532, François Rabelais, Pantagruel:
      Comment Epistemon qui avoit la teste tranchée, fut guery habillement par Panurge.
      How Epistemon who had his head cut off was adroitly cured by Panurge
      .

Descendants[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

par n ‎(definite singular paret, indefinite plural par, definite plural para or parene)

  1. a pair
    et par sko‎ ― a pair of shoes
  2. a couple
  3. a few (determiner)
    for et par dager siden‎ ― a few days ago

Derived terms[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Noun[edit]

par n

  1. (golf, uncountable) par
    ett slag under par‎ ― one stroke under par

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

par n ‎(definite singular paret, indefinite plural par, definite plural para)

  1. a pair
    eit par sko‎ ― a pair of shoes
  2. a couple
  3. a few (determiner)
    for eit par dagar sidan‎ ― a few days ago

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

par n

  1. (golf, uncountable) par
    eitt slag under par‎ ― one stroke under par

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin per.

Conjunction[edit]

par

  1. by; via (introduces a medium)
  2. because of; due to (introduces a medium)
  3. by
  4. by; through; across
  5. by (introduces an exclamation)
  6. in (at a location)

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: par

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese par, from Latin pār(equal, like), from Proto-Indo-European *per(exchange).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

par m (plural pares)

  1. pair
  2. couple
  3. peer
  4. (golf) par

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

par m, f ‎(plural pares, not comparable)

  1. (mathematics) even

Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin pālus(stake), from Proto-Italic *pākslos, from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂ǵ-slos, from *peh₂ǵ-.

Noun[edit]

par m ‎(plural pari)

  1. stake
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Form of părea.

Verb[edit]

par

  1. first-person singular present tense form of părea.
  2. first-person singular subjunctive form of părea.
  3. third-person plural present tense form of părea.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pār(equal, like).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pȃr m ‎(Cyrillic spelling па̑р)

  1. pair, couple

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pár m inan ‎(genitive pára, nominative plural pári)

  1. pair
  2. some, a couple (of)
  3. couple (two partners)
  4. (golf)) par
  5. (card games) (poker) pair

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Poker hands in Slovene · poker karte (layout · text)
No Pair.png One Pair.png Two Pairs.png Three of a kind.png Straight.png
najvišja karta par dva para tris lestvica, kenta
Flush.png Full.png Poker.png Straight Flush.png Royal Flush.png
barva full house poker barvna lestvica kraljeva lestvica

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pār(equal, like), from Proto-Indo-European *per(exchange).

Adjective[edit]

par m, f ‎(plural pares)

  1. even

Noun[edit]

par m ‎(plural pares)

  1. pair
  2. (physics) two equal non-collinear forces

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

par n

  1. a pair, a couple (either two or a few of something)
  2. a couple, two people who are dating

Declension[edit]

Inflection of par 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative par paret par paren
Genitive pars parets pars parens

Related terms[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pār. Compare Italian paio.

Noun[edit]

par m (plural pari)

  1. pair