From Middle English chil, chile, from Old English ċyle, ċiele, ċele (“cold; coldness”), from Proto-Germanic *kaliz. Merged with Middle English chele, from Old English ċēle (“cold; coldness”), from Proto-Germanic *kōliz, *kōlį̄ (“coolness; coldness”), from Proto-Indo-European *gel- (“to be cold”). Related to Low German Köle, German Kühle, Danish køle, Swedish kyla, Icelandic kylur. Compare also Dutch kil (“chilly; frosty; frigid”). See also cool, cold.
chill (plural chills)
- A moderate, but uncomfortable and penetrating coldness.
2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “Geothermal Energy”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 4:
- Energy has seldom been found where we need it when we want it. Ancient nomads, wishing to ward off the evening chill and enjoy a meal around a campfire, had to collect wood and then spend time and effort coaxing the heat of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame. With more settled people, animals were harnessed to capstans or caged in treadmills to turn grist into meal.
There was a chill in the air.
- A sudden penetrating sense of cold, especially one that causes a brief trembling nerve response through the body; the trembling response itself; often associated with illness: fevers and chills, or susceptibility to illness.
Close the window or you'll catch a chill. I felt a chill when the wind picked up.
- An uncomfortable and numbing sense of fear, dread, anxiety, or alarm, often one that is sudden and usually accompanied by a trembling nerve response resembling the body's response to biting cold.
Despite the heat, he felt a chill as he entered the crime scene. The actor's eerie portrayal sent chills through the audience. His menacing presence cast a chill over everyone.
- An iron mould or portion of a mould, serving to cool rapidly, and so to harden, the surface of molten iron brought in contact with it.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Raymond to this entry?)
- The hardened part of a casting, such as the tread of a carriage wheel.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
- Moderately cold or chilly.
- A chill wind was blowing down the street.
- Noisome winds, and blasting vapours chill.
- (slang) Calm, relaxed, easygoing. See also: chill out.
- The teacher is really chill and doesn't care if you use your phone during class.
- Paint-your-own ceramics studios are a chill way to express yourself while learning more about your date's right brain.
- (slang) "Cool"; meeting a certain hip standard or garnering the approval of a certain peer group.
- That new movie was chill, man.
- (slang) Okay, not a problem.
- "Sorry about that." "It's chill."
- (transitive) To lower the temperature of something; to cool.
- Chill before serving.
- (transitive, metallurgy) To harden a metal surface by sudden cooling.
- (intransitive) To become cold.
- In the wind he chilled quickly.
- (intransitive, metallurgy) To become hard by rapid cooling.
- (intransitive, slang) To relax, lie back.
- Chill, man, we've got a whole week to do it; no sense in getting worked up.
- The new gym teacher really has to chill or he's gonna blow a gasket.
- (intransitive, slang) To "hang", hang out; to spend time with another person or group. Also chill out.
- Hey, we should chill this weekend.
- (intransitive, slang) To smoke marijuana.
- On Friday night do you wanna chill?
- (transitive) To discourage or depress.
- Censorship chills public discourse.
- chill in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
- chill in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- Lenited form of cill.
- I will.
- imperative of