ψύχω

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Could be from a Proto-Indo-European *bʰes-, with cognates including Sanskrit भस्त्रा (bhastrā, bellows) and Albanian badër. Beekes argues for a Pre-Greek origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ψῡ́χω (psū́khō)

  1. I breathe, blow
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 20.440
      but Athene with a breath turned it back from glorious Achilles, breathing' full lightly
  2. I chill, make cold
    • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 3.104.3
      καὶ τὸ ἀπὸ τούτου ἀπιὼν ἐπὶ μᾶλλον ψύχει
      kaì tò apò toútou apiṑn epì mâllon psúkhei
      as day declines [the sun] makes it ever cooler
    • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 4.181.4
      παρέρχονται τε μέσαι νύκτες καὶ ψύχεται μέχρι ἐς ἠῶ
      parérkhontai te mésai núktes kaì psúkhetai mékhri es ēô
      after midnight it becomes cooler until dawn
    1. I cool, refresh
    2. (passive, figuratively) I am frigid
  3. (transitive) I dry
    • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Cynegeticus 5.3
      ποιοῦσι δύσοσμον, ἕως ἂν ψυχθῇ
      poioûsi dúsosmon, héōs àn psukhthêi
      [storms] make the earth bad for scent until it dries

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]