ψύχω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Could be from a Proto-Indo-European *bʰes-, with cognates including Sanskrit भस्त्रा ‎(bhastrā, bellows) and Albanian badër. Beekes argues for a Pre-Greek origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ψῡ́χω ‎(psū́khō)

  1. I breathe, blow
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 20.440
      but Athene with a breath turned it back from glorious Achilles, breathing' full lightly
  2. I chill, make cold
    • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 3.104.3
      καὶ τὸ ἀπὸ τούτου ἀπιὼν ἐπὶ μᾶλλον ψύχει
      as day declines [the sun] makes it ever cooler
    • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 4.181.4
      παρέρχονται τε μέσαι νύκτες καὶ ψύχεται μέχρι ἐς ἠῶ
      after midnight it becomes cooler until dawn
    1. I cool, refresh
    2. (passive, figuratively) I am frigid
  3. (transitive) I dry
    • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Cynegeticus 5.3
      ποιοῦσι δύσοσμον, ἕως ἂν ψυχθῇ
      [storms] make the earth bad for scent until it dries

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