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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative forms[edit]



  1. to attach

Derived terms[edit]

  • *ph₂-né-ǵ- ~ *ph₂-n̥-ǵ- (nasal-infix present)
    • Italic: *pangō
      • Latin: pangō (I fasten, fix) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ph₂ǵ-éh₂ye-ti
    • Italic:
  • *ph₂ǵ-tós
  • *péh₂ǵ-s (nomen actionis)
  • *peh₂ǵ-os
    • Italic: *pāgos
      • Latin: pāgus (district, region)
    • Slavic: *pazъ (see there for further descendants)
  • *ph₂ǵ-eh₂
    • Hellenic:
  • *peh₂ǵ-mn̥
  • *p(e)h₂ǵ-sleh₂
  • *p(e)h₂ǵ-slo-
  • *p(e)h₂ǵ-slo-lo-
  • *peh₂ǵ-sno-
  • *ph₂ǵ-y(e)h₂-lo-
  • (possibly) *ph₂ǵ-sth₂-[3]
    • Armenian:
    • Germanic: *fastuz (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: աստեմ (astem, to look for a bride; ask in marriage)
    • Hellenic:
    • Italic:


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 787–788
  3. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*fastu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 138