Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/peh₂ǵ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Root[edit]

*peh₂ǵ-[1][2]

  1. to attach, fix, fasten

Derived terms[edit]

  • peh₂ǵ-neu-[3]
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: πήγνυμι (pḗgnumi, I secure, fasten)
  • *ph₂ǵ-éh₂ye-ti
  • *ph₂-né-ǵ- ~ *ph₂-n̥-ǵ- (nasal-infix present)[4]
    • Proto-Italic: *pangō
      • Latin: pangō (I fasten, fix) (see there for further descendants)
  • *ph₂ǵ-tós
  • *ph₂ǵ-eh₂
    • Hellenic:
  • *peh₂ǵ-mn̥
  • *ph₂ǵ-o-[3]
    • Proto-Germanic: *faką (enclosure, section) (see there for further descendants)
  • *peh₂ǵ-os[4]
    • Proto-Italic: *pāgos
      • Latin: pāgus (district, region)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Proto-Slavic: *pazъ (see there for further descendants)
  • *péh₂ǵ-s (nomen actionis)
    • Hellenic:
  • *p(e)h₂ǵ-sleh₂
  • *p(e)h₂ǵ-slo-
  • *p(e)h₂ǵ-slo-lo-
  • *peh₂ǵ-sno-
  • *ph₂ǵ-y(e)h₂-lo-
  • *peh₂ǵ-dʰlo-
  • (possibly) *ph₂ǵ-sth₂-[5]
    • Armenian:
    • Proto-Germanic: *fastuz (see there for further descendants)
      • Proto-Slavic: *postъ (fasting) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 787–788
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*faka-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “pangō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  5. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*fastu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 138
  6. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “Proto-Indo-European/peh₂ǵ-”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 279