հաստ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian հաստ (hast).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

հաստ (hast) (superlative ամենահաստ)

  1. thick
    հաստ գիրք‎ ― hast girkʿthick book
  2. dense

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Connected with Proto-Germanic *fastuz (fixed, firm, secure), possibly also Sanskrit पस्त्य n (pastyá, stall, stable ← stable habitation), पस्त्या f (pastyā́, homestead, dwelling, household), and usually derived from Proto-Indo-European *pastV- (solid, stable). Kroonen separates the Sanskrit and reconstructs the Proto-Indo-European root for Armenian and Germanic as *pHst-; see *fastuz for more on this.

However, Martirosyan writes: "In view of the limited distribution (see also Salmons apud Mallory/Adams 1997: 204b) and the vowel *-a-, we are hardly dealing with a Proto-Indo-European word. One may posit a European substrate word shared by Armenian, Germanic, possibly also Indo-Aryan. In view of the semantics of the Germanic and Indic cognates, as well as that of Armenian հաստատեմ (hastatem, to affirm, assert, reinforce; to build, found, set up, settle, establish a dwelling place), one may posit a substratum technical term with an original meaning ‘foundation, settlement, fortified dwelling place, fortress’".

Adjective[edit]

հաստ (hastindeclinable

  1. firm, steady, standing still, tough
  2. (dialectal) thick, dense, broad

Noun[edit]

հաստ (hast)

  1. firmness, the standing still, strength
    կալ ի հաստի‎ ― kal i hastito stand firm
    ի հաստոջ պահել‎ ― i hastoǰ pahelto hold fast
    ի հաստոջ ունել‎ ― i hastoǰ unelto preserve, to keep

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “հաստ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “հաստ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “հաստ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 49ab
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959), “pasto-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 789
  • Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 204b
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 201
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 390
  • Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*fastu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 138