բարակ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian բարակ (barak).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

բարակ (barak) (superlative ամենաբարակ)

  1. thin
    բարակ թելbarak tʿelthin needle
  2. narrow
    բարակ ճանապարհbarak čanaparhnarrow road
  3. fine, delicate
Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Old Armenian բարակ (barak).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

բարակ (barak)

  1. a kind of hunting dogs
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • բարակ”, in Žamanakakicʿ hayocʿ lezvi bacʿatrakan baṙaran [Explanatory Dictionary of Contemporary Armenian] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, 1969–1980

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Iranian *bārak, a by-form of Middle Persian bʾlyk (bārīg/k, thin, fine subtle). Compare Persian باریک (bârîk, thin, slender, minute), Pashto بارَگ (bāraġ, thin, delicate, fine).

For the sense development in բարակ ցաւ (barak cʿaw, phthisis) compare Turkish ince ağrı (tuberculosis, literally thin pain).

Adjective[edit]

բարակ (barak)

  1. thin, slender, delicate, subtile
    բարակ ցաւ, ջերմbarak cʿaw, ǰermphthisis
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “բարակ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “բարակ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “բարակ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 418a

Etymology 2[edit]

Ałayan derives from Middle Persian bʾlk' (bārak, *fast-moving; steed). Accepted by J̌ahukyan.

For the sense development “dog” → “fornicator” compare շուն (šun, dog; adulterer).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

բարակ (barak)

  1. hunting dog
  2. (figuratively) fornicator; lascivious, wanton, dissolute
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “բարակ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “բարակ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “բարակ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 418b
  • Ałayan, Ēduard (1974) Baṙakʿnnakan ew stugabanakan hetazotutʿyunner [Lexicological and Etymological Studies] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, pages 36–41
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “բարակ²”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 120a