բարակ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian բարակ (barak).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

բարակ (barak) (superlative ամենաբարակ)

  1. thin
    բարակ թելbarak tʿel ― thin needle
  2. narrow
    բարակ ճանապարհbarak čanaparh ― narrow road
  3. fine, delicate
Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • բարակ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume I, page 418a

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Old Armenian բարակ (barak)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

բարակ (barak)

  1. a kind of hunting dogs
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • բարակ in A. S. Łaribyan, Ē. B. Ałayan, G. B. J̌ahukyan, S. G. Abrahamyan, V. D. Aṙakʿelyan (editors-in-chief) (1969–80), Žamanakakicʿ hayocʿ lezvi bacʿatrakan baṙaran [Explanatory Dictionary of Contemporary Armenian], in 4 vols, Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Iranian *bārak, a by-form of Middle Persian bʾlyk (bārīg/k, thin, fine subtle). Compare Persian باریک (bârîk, thin, slender, minute), Pashto بارَگ (bāraġ, thin, delicate, fine).

For the sense development in բարակ ցաւ (barak cʿaw, phthisis) compare Turkish ince ağrı (tuberculosis, literally thin pain).

Adjective[edit]

բարակ (barak

  1. thin, slender, delicate, subtile
    բարակ ցաւ, ջերմbarak cʿaw, ǰerm ― phthisis
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • բարակ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • բարակ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • բարակ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume I, page 418a

Etymology 2[edit]

Ałayan derives from Middle Persian bʾlk' (bārak, *fast-moving; steed). Accepted by J̌ahukyan.

For the sense development “dog” → “fornicator” compare շուն (šun, dog; adulterer).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

բարակ (barak

  1. ​hunting dog
  2. (figuratively) fornicator; lascivious, wanton, dissolute
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • բարակ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • բարակ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • բարակ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume I, page 418b
  • Ēduard Ałayan (1974), Baṙakʿnnakan ew stugabanakan hetazotutʿyunner [Lexicological and Etymological Studies], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, pages 36–41
  • բարակ² in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 120a