աստուած

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Old Armenian[edit]

The word Աստուած ‎(Astuac, God) abbreviated. Only the first and the last letters are written, under the Armenian abbreviation mark.

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Nicholas Marr connected the word with the name of the chief Phrygian god Σαβάζιος ‎(Sabázios, Sabazios). This is accepted by Ačaṙyan, but considered untenable by J̌ahukyan on phonetic grounds.

According to J̌ahukyan two etymologies are the most probable:

  • a compound of Proto-Indo-European *h₂énsus ‎(god, spirit) (whence Proto-Germanic *ansuz) and *deywós ‎(god) +‎ -ած ‎(-ac), or of the same *h₂énsus and *տուած ‎(*tuac, given), from տու- ‎(tu-) +‎ -ած ‎(-ac);
  • a derivation from the root աստ- ‎(ast-), which is a by-form of հաստ ‎(hast), although usually mistakenly connected with ազդ ‎(azd); compare աստի ‎(asti, firm, sure; vehement, impetuous, strong).

Noun[edit]

աստուած ‎(astuac

  1. pagan god
  2. (capitalized, singular only) God of Christianity
    արար Ած՟ զաշխարհս յանգոյիցarar Ac. zašxarhs yangoyicʿ ― God created the world from nothing
    տալ փառս Այ՟tal pʿaṙs Ay. ― to glorify God, to give or render glory to God, to thank God
    ի պատկեր Այ՟i patker Ay. ― in the image of God

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In the sense of “God” the word was always abbreviated: see the picture above.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • աստուած in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • աստուած in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • աստուած in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • աստուած in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5