աստուած

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Old Armenian[edit]

The word Աստուած ‎(Astuac, God) abbreviated. Only the first and the last letters are written, under the Armenian abbreviation mark.

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Nicholas Marr connected the word with the name of the chief Phrygian god Σαβάζιος ‎(Sabázios, Sabazios). This is accepted by Ačaṙyan, but considered untenable by J̌ahukyan on phonetic grounds.

According to J̌ahukyan two etymologies are the most probable:

  • a compound of Proto-Indo-European *h₂énsus ‎(god, spirit) (whence Proto-Germanic *ansuz) and *deywós ‎(god) +‎ -ած ‎(-ac), or of the same *h₂énsus and *տուած ‎(*tuac, given), from տու- ‎(tu-) +‎ -ած ‎(-ac);
  • a derivation from the root աստ- ‎(ast-), which is a by-form of հաստ ‎(hast), although usually mistakenly connected with ազդ ‎(azd); compare աստի ‎(asti, firm, sure; vehement, impetuous, strong).

Noun[edit]

աստուած ‎(astuac)

  1. pagan god
  2. (capitalized, singular only) God of Christianity
    արար Ած՟ զաշխարհս յանգոյից‎ ― arar Ac. zašxarhs yangoyicʿ ― God created the world from nothing
    տալ փառս Այ՟‎ ― tal pʿaṙs Ay. ― to glorify God, to give or render glory to God, to thank God
    ի պատկեր Այ՟‎ ― i patker Ay. ― in the image of God

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In the sense of “God” the word was always abbreviated: see the picture above.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]