աստուած

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Old Armenian[edit]

The word Աստուած(Astuac, God) abbreviated. Only the first and the last letters are written, under the Armenian abbreviation mark.

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Nicholas Marr connected the word with the name of the chief Phrygian god Σαβάζιος(Sabázios, Sabazios). This is accepted by Ačaṙyan, but considered untenable by J̌ahukyan on phonetic grounds.

According to J̌ahukyan two etymologies are the most probable:

  • a compound of Proto-Indo-European *h₂énsus(god, spirit) (whence Proto-Germanic *ansuz) and *deywós(god) +‎ -ած(-ac), or of the same *h₂énsus and *տուած(*tuac, given), from տու-(tu-) +‎ -ած(-ac);
  • a derivation from the root աստ-(ast-), which is a by-form of հաստ(hast), although usually mistakenly connected with ազդ(azd); compare աստի(asti, firm, sure; vehement, impetuous, strong).

Noun[edit]

աստուած ‎(astuac)

  1. pagan god
  2. (capitalized, singular only) God of Christianity
    արար Ած՟ զաշխարհս յանգոյից‎ ― arar Ac. zašxarhs yangoyicʿ ― God created the world from nothing
    տալ փառս Այ՟‎ ― tal pʿaṙs Ay. ― to glorify God, to give or render glory to God, to thank God
    ի պատկեր Այ՟‎ ― i patker Ay. ― in the image of God

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In the sense of “God” the word was always abbreviated: see the picture above.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]