out of

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Alternative forms[edit]


  • IPA(key): /ˈaʊt əv/, (before a consonant usually) /ˈaʊtə/
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out of

  1. Expressing motion, literal or figurative; opposed to into
    1. From the inside to the outside of. [from 5th c.]
      The audience came out of the theater.
      The cat is out of the cage
      He ate out of a big bowl.
    2. So as no longer to be in a given condition or state. [from 10th c.]
      I have fallen out of love with you.
      They will soon be out of business.
      This train will be going out of service at the next station.
    3. From a thing or or place as a source, place of origin etc. [from 12th c.]
      Turns out he's some rapper out of New York called Buster Bigmouth.
      • 1997, New York Magazine (volume 30, number 31, page 33)
        Mike Morgillo, a cop out of the Bronx borough command — who is married to a detective — says he's sick of sitting around other cops' backyards hearing the same old he-shot, she-shot stories.
    4. From a given cause or motivation. [from 13th c.]
      I laughed out of embarrassment.
      She only did it out of love for him.
      She asked the question out of mere curiosity.
    5. From a given material as means of construction. [from 14th c.]
      It's made out of pure mahogany.
    6. (nautical) Stating the port in which a boat has been registered.
      There's the Titanic out of Liverpool.
    7. (now chiefly horse breeding) So as to be born from a given mother (cf. by). [from 19th c.]
      She's a lovely little filly, by Big Lad, out of Damsel in Distress.
  2. Expressing position; opposed to in
    1. Not within a given space, area etc. [from 10th c.]
      His feet rested out of the water.
      Is your mother out of hospital?
    2. Not in (a given state, condition). [from 13th c.]
      I'm rather out of practice right now.
      He cannot see you because he's feeling out of spirits today.
    3. Taken from among; expressing a fraction of (a larger number). [from 15th c.]
      Only three out of a thousand are born with this rare disease
      Out of the entire class, only Cynthia completed the work.
    4. Without; no longer in possession of. [rom 15th c.]
      Sorry, we're out of bread.
      • 1874, Thomas Hardy, Far From the Madding Crowd, 2005 Barnes & Noble Classics publication of 1912 Wessex edition, p276:
        Once out of the farm the approach of poverty would be sure.


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Derived terms[edit]


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  • Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "Bounded landmarks", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8