fraction

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English fraccioun (a breaking), from Anglo-Norman, Old French fraction, from Medieval Latin fractio (a fragment, portion), from earlier Latin fractio (a breaking, a breaking into pieces), from fractus (English fracture), past participle of frangere (to break) (whence English frangible), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreg- (English break).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: frăkʹshən, IPA(key): /ˈfɹæk.ʃən/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ækʃən

Noun[edit]

fraction (plural fractions)

  1. A part of a whole, especially a comparatively small part.
    • 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page vii:
      With fresh material, taxonomic conclusions are leavened by recognition that the material examined reflects the site it occupied; a herbarium packet gives one only a small fraction of the data desirable for sound conclusions. Herbarium material does not, indeed, allow one to extrapolate safely: what you see is what you get []
  2. (arithmetic) A ratio of two numbers, the numerator and the denominator, usually written one above the other and separated by a horizontal bar.
  3. (chemistry) A component of a mixture, separated by fractionation.
  4. In a eucharistic service, the breaking of the host.
  5. A small amount.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 2, in The Celebrity:
      I had occasion […] to make a somewhat long business trip to Chicago, and on my return […] I found Farrar awaiting me in the railway station. He smiled his wonted fraction by way of greeting, […], and finally leading me to his buggy, turned and drove out of town.
    • 2011 January 29, Chris Bevan, “Torquay 0-1 Crawley Town”, in BBC:
      After kick-off was delayed because of crowd congestion, Torquay went closest to scoring in a cagey opening 30 minutes, when Danny Stevens saw a fierce shot from the edge of the area swerve a fraction wide.
  6. The act of breaking, or state of being broken, especially by violence.

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

fraction (third-person singular simple present fractions, present participle fractioning, simple past and past participle fractioned)

  1. To divide or break into fractions.

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French fraction, borrowed from Latin fractio, fractionem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fraction f (plural fractions)

  1. fraction (small amount)
    Je me suis endormi pendant une fraction de secondes.I fell asleep for a fraction of a second.
  2. (mathematics) fraction
    En divisant deux par trois, on obtient une fraction irréductible.When dividing two by three, you get an irreducible fraction.
  3. fraction, breakup

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