From Latin vinculum (“bond, link”), from vinciō (“bind, fetter, tie”) + -ulum.
vinculum (plural vincula or vinculums)
- A bond or link signifying union.
- (arithmetic, obsolete) Any symbol used to group some of the terms in an expression, indicating that that part of the calculation should be done before other parts.
- (arithmetic) A horizontal line over the top of some of the terms in an expression, indicating that that part of the calculation is to be done before other parts.
- (Australia, arithmetic) Specifically, the horizontal line between the numerator and denominator in a fraction.
- (anatomy) A ligament that limits the movement of an organ or part.
From vinciō (“bind, fetter, tie”) + -culum.
vinculum n (genitive vinculī); second declension
- Any instrument whereby anything is bound or tied up; bond, band, fetter, chain, cord, tie, link.
- vinculum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- vinculum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- vinculum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- (ambiguous) to burst one's chains: vincula rumpere
- (ambiguous) to put some one in irons, chains: in vincula (custodiam) dare aliquem
- (ambiguous) to put some one in irons, chains: in vincula, in catenas conicere aliquem
- vinculum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers