macron

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See also: macrón, mácron, and Macron

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The word China written in Mandarin Pinyin (blue), Tongyong Pinyin (orange), traditional Chinese characters (red), and simplified Chinese characters (green). The macron above the o in the word Zhōng indicates that it is pronounced with the first tone.

From Ancient Greek μακρόν (makrón), neuter form of μακρός (makrós, long) (English macro-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

macron (plural macrons or macra)

  1. (orthography) A short, straight, horizontal diacritical mark (¯) placed over any of various letters. It usually is used to indicate that the pronunciation of a vowel is long; in Mandarin Pinyin (Chinese), it indicates the first tone, e.g., chūzūchē.
    • 1889, Rebecca S[mith] Pollard, A Complete Manual: Pollard’s Synthetic Method of Reading and Spelling. Designed to Accompany Synthetic Readers and Spellers, New York, N.Y.: American Book Company, OCLC 18708150, page 75:
      We say such words belong to a Long family, because of the long macron hat the vowels wear. Like the other twin o's, one hat is enough for both, for these twins are always found together.
    • 1986, Peter V. Jones; Keith C. Sidwell, “Introduction”, in Reading Latin, volume 1 (Grammar, Vocabulary and Exercises), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-28622-0, page 2, general note 1:
      All vowels are pronounced short unless marked with a ¯ (macron) over them. So observe different vowel length of ‘i ’ in, e.g., fīlia, etc. It may be helpful, but is not essential, to mark macra in your exercises.

Usage notes[edit]

The plural macra is rare.

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek μακρόν (makrón), neuter form of μακρός (makrós, long).

Noun[edit]

macron m (plural macrons, diminutive macrontje n)

  1. (orthography) macron

Hypernym[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

macron m (plural macrons)

  1. macron

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek

Noun[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

macron m (invariable)

  1. macron