breve

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: brève and brêve

English[edit]

The letter A with breve (1).
Left: breve (2) in modern notation. Centre: breve in mensural notation used in some modern scores as well. Right: less common stylistic variant of the first form.

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English breve, variant of bref, from Old French brieve, breve (feminine form of brief, bref), from Latin brevis (short).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

breve (plural breves)

  1. (orthography, printing) A semicircular diacritical mark (˘) placed above a vowel, commonly used to mark its quantity as short.
    Synonym: micron
    Antonym: macron
  2. (music) A double whole note.
  3. (law) Any writ or precept under seal, issued out of any court.
  4. (zoology) A pitta, all of which have more or less short tails.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /breːvə/, [ˈb̥ʁeːvə], [ˈb̥ʁeːw̩]

Noun[edit]

breve n pl

  1. indefinite plural of brev

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology[edit]

From Latin brevis (short). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbreː.və/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bre‧ve
  • Rhymes: -eːvə

Noun[edit]

breve f (plural breves, diminutive brevetje n)

  1. (orthography) breve

Anagrams[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Adjective[edit]

breve (comparative plus breve, superlative le plus breve)

  1. short

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin brevis (short).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbrɛ.ve/
  • Rhymes: -ɛve
  • Hyphenation: brè‧ve

Adjective[edit]

breve (plural brevi)

  1. brief, short
    Synonym: corto
    Antonym: lungo
  2. (literary) narrow
    Synonyms: angusto, stretto
    Antonyms: ampio, largo
  3. (prosody) short
Derived terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

breve

  1. (literary) briefly
    Synonym: brevemente

Noun[edit]

breve f (plural brevi)

  1. (prosody) short (short vowel or syllable)
  2. (typography) breve (the diacritical mark ˘)
  3. (music) breve (double whole note)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Medieval Latin breve, from Latin brevis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbrɛ.ve/
  • Rhymes: -ɛve
  • Hyphenation: brè‧ve

Noun[edit]

breve m (plural brevi)

  1. (historical, Middle Ages) a document recording a business transaction
  2. (historical, Middle Ages) an oath sworn by magistrates of a medieval commune
  3. (historical, Middle Ages, by extension) the statute of a commune. [13th-14th c.]
  4. (Christianity) an official papal document, less solemn than a bull
  5. (obsolete, by extension) a strip of paper with a short writing thereon
  6. (Christianity) a small bundle containing a saint's relic or written prayers
  7. (obsolete) talisman, amulet

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbre.ve/
  • Rhymes: -eve
  • Hyphenation: bré‧ve

Noun[edit]

breve f pl

  1. plural of breva

References[edit]

  • breve1 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana
  • breve2 in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin[edit]

Adjective[edit]

breve

  1. nominative neuter singular of brevis
  2. accusative neuter singular of brevis
  3. vocative neuter singular of brevis

Middle English[edit]

Adjective[edit]

breve

  1. Alternative form of bref

Noun[edit]

breve

  1. Alternative form of bref

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin brevis (short), from Proto-Indo-European *mréǵʰus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

breve m or f (plural breves, comparable)

  1. brief, short
    Synonym: curto
    Antonym: longo
  2. summarized
  3. minute (very small)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

breve f (plural breves)

  1. (music) a double whole note (US) or breve (UK)
  2. (phonetics) a syllable or vowel that is quickly pronounced

Noun[edit]

breve m (plural breves)

  1. a Papal brief

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin brevis (short).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɾebe/, [ˈbɾe.β̞e]

Adjective[edit]

breve (plural breves) (superlative brevísimo)

  1. brief, short
    Synonym: corto
    Antonym: largo

Derived terms[edit]