From Middle English solempne, solemne (“performed with religious ceremony or reverence; devoted to religious observances, sacred; ceremonious, formal; of a vow: made under a religious sanction, binding; religious celebration, celebration of a feast day; famous, well-known; important; grand, imposing; awe-inspiring, impressive; grave, serious; dignified; enunciated or held formally”) [and other forms], from Old French solempne, solemne (“serious, solemn”) [and other forms], or from its etymon Late Latin sōlempnis, sōlennis, from Latin sōlemnis, from sollemnis (“appointed, established, fixed; common, customary, ordinary, ritual, traditional, usual; ceremonial, religious, solemn; festive; annual, yearly”) [and other forms]. The further etymology is uncertain; sollus (“entire, whole”) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *solh₂- (“whole”)) + epulum (“banquet, feast”) (in the sense of a ritual; perhaps ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed- (“to eat”)) has been suggested.
solemn (comparative solemner or more solemn, superlative solemnest or most solemn)
- (religion, specifically Christianity) Of or pertaining to religious ceremonies and rites; (generally) religious in nature; sacred.
- (by extension)
- Characterized by or performed with appropriate or great ceremony or formality.
- Deeply serious and sombre; grave.
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:serious
- Antonyms: lighthearted, unserious
- Inspiring serious feelings or thoughts; sombrely impressive.
- Synonym: awe-inspiring
- (obsolete) Cheerless, gloomy, sombre.
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:cheerless
- Antonyms: cheerful; see also Thesaurus:blissful
of or pertaining to religious ceremonies and rites
religious in nature — see also sacred
characterized by or performed with appropriate or great ceremony or formality
deeply serious and sombre
inspiring serious feelings or thoughts; sombrely impressive
- ^ “solempne, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
- ^ “solemn, adj. (adv. and n.)”, in OED Online , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1913; “solemn, adj.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.
Borrowed from Latin sollemnis.
solemn m or n (feminine singular solemnă, masculine plural solemni, feminine and neuter plural solemne)
- solemn, grave, serious
- Synonyms: grav, serios
- impressive, exalted
- festive, celebratory
- Synonyms: festiv, sărbătoresc