Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁ed-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*h₁ed- (imperfective)[1]

  1. to eat

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₁éd-ti ~ *h₁d-énti (athematic root present)
  • *h₁od-éye-ti (causative)
    • Germanic: *atjaną (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian: *Hādáyati
  • *h₁ōd-e/o- (a lengthened grade of disputed origin)[2]
  • *h₁ēd-so-
    • Germanic: *ēsaz (food, carrion, bait)
    • Tocharian:
      • Tocharian A: yats (skin)
      • Tocharian B: yetse (skin)
  • *h₁éd-tōr (eater)
  • *h₂eyeri-h₁d-to-
  • *h₁éd-nos (eaten)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Albanian:
      • Albanian: *eda[3]
        • Albanian: ha (I eat) (preservation of the laryngeal)
    • Anatolian:
    • Germanic: *etunaz (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 644
  3. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “ha”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, page 140-1