без

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See also: беҙ and без-

Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

без (bjez)

  1. without

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰ-

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

без (bez)

  1. without (not having)

Karachay-Balkar[edit]

Noun[edit]

без (bez)

  1. gland

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic без (bez)
Arabic بەز

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic.

Noun[edit]

без (bez)

  1. gland
    ұйқы безі
    uyqı bezi
    pancreas

Declension[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

без (bez)

  1. without

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez.

Preposition[edit]

без (bez)

  1. without
    • from СЛОВО НѢКОЕГО КАЛОУГЕРА О ЧЬТЕНИИ КЪНИГЪ:
      Не съставитъ бо сѧ корабль без гвоздии ни правьдьникъ бес почитаниꙗ кънижьнааго.
      Ne sŭstavitŭ bo sę korablĭ bez gvozdii ni pravĭdĭnikŭ bes počitanija kŭnižĭnaago.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

References[edit]

  • Бояджиев, Андрей, Старобългарска читанка[1], София, 2016

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez (without), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰ-.

Cognate with Lithuanian (without; besides), Latvian bez (without), Old Prussian bhe (without), Sanskrit बहिस् (bahís, outside), Persian بی(bi, without).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

без (bez) (+ genitive)

  1. without
    без воды́bez vodýwithout water
    бе́зо всего́bézo vsevówithout anything
    не без интере́саne bez interésanot without interest
    без сомне́нияbez somnénijawithout doubt
    Не могу́ жить без тебя́
    Ne mogú žitʹ bez tebjá
    I can't live without you.
  2. minus
    без че́тверти часbez čétverti časa quarter to one (literally, “less a quarter one o’clock”)

Usage notes[edit]

безо (bezo) is used before some awkward consonant clusters.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez. Compare без- and бес-.

Alternative forms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

бѐз (Latin spelling bèz) (+ genitive case)

  1. without, excluding, not counting
    без сумњеwithout a doubt
    остати без нечегаto lose something, to run out of something, (literally: to stay without something)
    без обзира на..regardless of.., no matter what..is
    без краја и концаendlessly, without end
    не без разлогаnot without a reason
    без срцаheartlessly, without a heart
    без р(иј)ечиwithout a word, speechless
    бити без нечегаto be lacking in, to be deficient in, to lack (literally: to be without something)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish بز(bez), from Arabic بَزّ(bazz). Akin to безистан, безли, бесофра and беспара.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

бе̏з m (Latin spelling bȅz)

  1. linen, canvas
  2. (specifically) a type of cotton-made linen or canvas used in Oriental costumes, of several possible forms: ћереће, седелук, kafez or кафез-без, мелез, харир, шејтанбез and харирбез.
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • без” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • без” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Škaljić, Abdulah, Turcizmi u srpskohrvatskom jeziku, Sarajevo: Svjetlost, 1966, page 140

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

без (bez) (+ genitive case)

  1. without (not having)

Further reading[edit]