без

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See also: без-

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰ-

Preposition[edit]

без (bez)

  1. without (not having)

Karachay-Balkar[edit]

Noun[edit]

без (bez)

  1. gland

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez.

Preposition[edit]

без (bez)

  1. without

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez.

Preposition[edit]

без (bez)

  1. without

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez (without), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰ-

Cognate with Lithuanian (without; besides), Latvian bez (without), Old Prussian bhe (without), Sanskrit बहिस् (bahís, outside), Persian بی (bi, without)

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

без (bez) (+ genitive case)

  1. without
    без воды́bez vodýwithout water
    бе́зо всего́bézo vsevówithout anything
    не без интере́саne bez interésanot without interest
    без сомне́нияbez somnénijawithout doubt
    Не могу́ жить без тебя́
    Ne mogú žitʹ bez tebjá
    I can't live without you.
  2. minus
    без че́тверти часbez čétverti časa quarter to one (literally, “less a quarter one o’clock”)

Usage notes[edit]

бе́зо (bézo) is used before some awkward consonant clusters.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰ-. Compare без- and бес-.

Alternative forms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

бѐз (Latin spelling bèz)

  1. (with genitive) without, excluding, not counting
    без сумњеwithout a doubt
    остати без нечегаto lose something, to run out of something, (literally: to stay without something)
    без обзира на..regardless of.., no matter what..is
    без краја и концаendlessly, without end
    не без разлогаnot without a reason
    без срцаheartlessly, without a heart
    без р(иј)ечиwithout a word, speechless
    бити без нечегаto be lacking in, to be deficient in, to lack (literally: to be without something)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish [script needed] (bez), from Arabic بَزّ (bazz). Akin to безистан, безли, бесофра and беспара.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

бе̏з m (Latin spelling bȅz)

  1. linen, canvas
  2. (specifically) a type of cotton-made linen or canvas used in Oriental costumes, of several possible forms: ћереће, седелук, kafez or кафез-без, мелез, харир, шејтанбез and харирбез.
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • без” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • без” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Abdulah Škaljić (1966), Turcizmi u srpskohrvatskom jeziku, Svjetlost: Sarajevo, page 140

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰ-

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

без (bez)

  1. without (not having)