bez

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See also: Bez, beż, běž, bež, bez-, and bez.

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

bez (plural bezes)

  1. The second tine of an antler's beam.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

bez

  1. (nonstandard, dialectal) first-person plural simple present of be
    Synonym: (standard) are
    • 2007 October 20, NiggydaHoe, “Re: 79yr old Nigger Idiot was suspended for racist bullshit”, in alt.music.white-power, Usenet[1]:
      We bez run to 'da good bad white man. He gonna fire 'da ova bad white man.
      If 'da bad white man cain't sayz be[sic] niggas bez stupid in 'da heaad, wif' low
      iq an' shit, 'dat mus' mean we bez humans.
  2. (nonstandard, dialectal) third-person plural simple present of be
    Synonym: (standard) are
    • 1860, The Knickerbacker[2], volume 56, Peabody, LCCN sf84001063, OCLC 9985232, page 434:
      'They bez goin' like der Tyfel,'
    • 2007 June 13, Mustapha Mond, “Re: Nigger Apologists: Slaves Who Died at Sea Being Honored”, in comp.sys.mac.apps, Usenet[3]:
      >>>>>>> " [] They are not rotting someplace in hell, they bez right
      >>>>>>> here
      >>>>>>> whining wif us."

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

bez f (plural bezes)

  1. a time
  2. occasion

References[edit]


Basque[edit]

Noun[edit]

bez

  1. instrumental indefinite of be

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɛs/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛs

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Czech bez, from Proto-Slavic *bъzъ, *bъza, *bъzina, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂ǵos

Noun[edit]

bez m inan

  1. elderberry (shrub or tree)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Czech bez, from Proto-Slavic *bez, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰs.

Preposition[edit]

bez (+ genitive case)

  1. without
Antonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • bez in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • bez in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Modern borrowing from Russian or ancient cognate from common ancestor?”)

Preposition[edit]

bez (with genitive)

  1. without
  2. in addition to
  3. apart from

Derived terms[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (isolated) /bɛs/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛs
  • Syllabification: bez

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bez, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰ-.

Preposition[edit]

bez

  1. without, lacking [+genitive]
    Antonym: z
    Proszę o kawę bez mleka.A coffee with no milk, please.
Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefix

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bъzъ, *bъza, *bъzina, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂ǵos.

Noun[edit]

bez m inan

  1. elder (bush of genus Sambucus)
  2. lilac (bush of genus Syringa)
    Synonym: lilak
    pachnieć bzemto smell of lilac
Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

nouns

Etymology 3[edit]

From bez, due to confusion with the rhyming preposition przez. The two words were and are used interchangeably in various dialects, and in Old Polish przez was about to replace bez around the 14th-15th century. In the written language the earlier distinction ultimately prevailed, however.[1]

Preposition[edit]

bez

  1. (Poznań, Upper Silesia) because of [+accusative]
    Synonym: z powodu
  2. (dialectal) across, through [+accusative]
    Synonym: przez
    • 2000, Aneta Majkowska, Polszczyzna mówiona mieszkańców Częstochowy, page 185:
      Nie tu szosą tylko drogą polną bez pola my jechali z chłopem sąsiadki.
      We drove through the fields with the neighbor's man, not on the paved road, but on a dirt road.

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

bez

  1. genitive plural of beza

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brückner, Aleksander (1927), “bez”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish), Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna, published 1985, page 21

Further reading[edit]

  • bez in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bez in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic без (bez), from Proto-Slavic *bez.

Adverb[edit]

bez

  1. (dated) without

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez. Compare bez- and bes-.

Alternative forms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

bèz (Cyrillic spelling бѐз) (+ genitive case)

  1. without, excluding, not counting
    bez sumnjewithout a doubt
    ostati bez nečegato lose something, to run out of something, (literally: to stay without something)
    bez obzira na..regardless of.., no matter what..is
    bez kraja i koncaendlessly, without end
    ne bez razloganot without a reason
    bez srcaheartlessly, without a heart
    bez r(ij)ečiwithout a word, speechless
    biti bez nečegato be lacking in, to be deficient in, to lack (literally: to be without something)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish بز(bez), from Arabic بَزّ(bazz). Akin to bezistan, bezli, besofra and bespara.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bȅz m (Cyrillic spelling бе̏з)

  1. linen, canvas
  2. (specifically) a type of cotton-made linen or canvas used in Oriental costumes, of several possible forms: ćereće, sedeluk, kafez or kafez-bez, melez, harir, šejtanbez and harirbez.
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • bez” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bez” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Škaljić, Abdulah (1966) Turcizmi u srpskohrvatskom jeziku, Sarajevo: Svjetlost, page 140

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bez, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰ-

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

bez (+ genitive)

  1. without

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • bez in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

bez

  1. awl

Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish بز(bez); see there for more. The ultimate origin is Arabic بَزّ(bazz), however, an influence from Byzantine Greek βύσσος (bússos) has been postulated in order to explain the mismatch in the vowels.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbez/
  • Hyphenation: bez

Noun[edit]

bez (definite accusative bezi, plural bezler)

  1. cloth
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative bez
Definite accusative bezi
Singular Plural
Nominative bez bezler
Definite accusative bezi bezleri
Dative beze bezlere
Locative bezde bezlerde
Ablative bezden bezlerden
Genitive bezin bezlerin

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish بز(bez), from Proto-Turkic *beŕ.

Cognate with Kazakh без (bez, gland), Karachay-Balkar без (bez, gland), Southern Altai бес (bes, gland), Uzbek bez (gland), Uyghur بەز(bez, gland), Turkmen mäz (gland), Bashkir биҙ (bið, gland), Tuvan бес (bes, gland), Chuvash пар (par, gland).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈbez/
  • Hyphenation: bez

Noun[edit]

bez (definite accusative bezi, plural bezler)

  1. (anatomy) gland
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative bez
Definite accusative bezi
Singular Plural
Nominative bez bezler
Definite accusative bezi bezleri
Dative beze bezlere
Locative bezde bezlerde
Ablative bezden bezlerden
Genitive bezin bezlerin

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vovin, Alexander (2018), “Fabrication of Turkic böz 'fabric' in Japan and Korea”, in Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, volume 71, issue 3, Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, pages 263–284.