gland

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Late 17th century borrowing from French glande, alteration of Old French glandre, from Latin glandulae (throat glands, tonsils), plural of glandula (a little acorn), from glāns (an acorn) +‎ -ula (diminutive nominal suffix).

Noun[edit]

gland (plural glands)

  1. (zoology) A specialized cell, group of cells, or organ of endothelial origin in the human or animal body that synthesizes a chemical substance, such as hormones or breast milk, and releases it, often into the bloodstream (endocrine gland) or into cavities inside the body or its outer surface (exocrine gland).
    Meronyms: endocrine gland, exocrine gland
    Hyponyms: see Thesaurus:gland
    1. (anatomy) A structure resembling a gland, especially a lymph node.
      Hyponyms: lymph gland, Virchow's gland
  2. (botany) A secretory structure on the surface of an organ.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Early 19th century, probably from Scots glam (vice, clamp). Related to clamp.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

gland (plural glands)

  1. (mechanics) A compressable cylindrical case and its contents around a shaft where it passes through a barrier, intended to prevent the passage of a fluid past the barrier, such as:
    1. A gland used around a ship’s propeller shaft.
    2. A gland used around a tap, valve or faucet.
Hyponyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

References[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French glant, from Latin glāndem, accusative singular of glāns, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷelh₂- (acorn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gland m (plural glands)

  1. acorn
  2. (anatomy) glans penis
    • 1785, Donatien Alphonse François de Sade, Les 120 journées de Sodome, ou l'École du libertinage
      Brise-cul, vingt-huit ans, l'air d'un satyre, son vit est tortu; la tête ou le gland en est énorme: il a huit pouces trois lignes de tour, et le corps du vit huit pouces sur seize de long; ce vit majestueux est absolument cambré.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    Synonym: gland du pénis
    Comeronyms: corps caverneux, corps spongieux, frein, prépuce
    Holonym: pénis
    Le gland est entouré par le prépuce, un pli de peau qui peut se retirer pour découvrir le gland.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  3. tassel
  4. (vulgar, slang) (of a person) prick, wanker, bell end

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Further reading[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin glāndem, accusative of glāns.

Noun[edit]

gland m (plural glands)

  1. acorn

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French gland, from Latin glans, glandis. Doublet of the inherited ghindă.

Noun[edit]

gland n (plural glanduri)

  1. (anatomy) glans penis

Declension[edit]