glan

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See also: Glan and glân

Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *glan, from Proto-Celtic *glanos (clean, clear).

Adjective[edit]

glan

  1. pure

Mutation[edit]


Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish glan, from Proto-Celtic *glanos (clean, clear).

Adjective[edit]

glan (genitive singular masculine glain, genitive singular feminine glaine, plural glana, comparative glaine)

  1. clean
  2. clear
Declension[edit]
Archaic declension
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish glanaid (cleanses, purifies, purges), from the adjective.

Verb[edit]

glan (present analytic glanann, future analytic glanfaidh, verbal noun glanadh, past participle glanta)

  1. clean
Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
glan ghlan nglan
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *glanos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

glan

  1. clean
  2. pure
  3. clear

Inflection[edit]

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative glan glan glan
Vocative glain*
glan**
Accusative glan glain
Genitive glain glaine glain
Dative glan glain glan
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative glain glana
Vocative glanu
glana
Accusative glanu
glana
Genitive glan
Dative glanaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: glan
  • Scottish Gaelic: glan

Verb[edit]

·glan

  1. third-person singular preterite conjunct of glanaid

glan

  1. second-person singular imperative of glanaid

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
glan glan
pronounced with /ɣ(ʲ)-/
nglan
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *glěnь.

Noun[edit]

glan m

  1. dirt, filth

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡlan/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -an
  • Syllabification: glan

Noun[edit]

glan m inan

  1. bovver boot

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • glan in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • glan in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish glan, from Proto-Celtic *glanos (clean, clear).

Adjective[edit]

glan (comparative glaine)

  1. clean
  2. pure
  3. fine, grand, sheer

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish glanaid (cleanses, purifies, purges), from glan.

Verb[edit]

glan (past ghlan, future glanaidh, verbal noun glanadh, past participle glante)

  1. clean, purify
  2. purge, refine
  3. weed

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Welsh glann, from Proto-Brythonic *glann, from Proto-Celtic *glannos; see *glendos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

glan f (plural glannau or glennydd)

  1. bank, shore

Derived terms[edit]

  • glanio (to come ashore, to land)
  • lan (up(ward))

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
glan lan nglan unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “glan”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies