purge

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See also: purgé

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English purgen, from Old French purgier, from Latin purgō ‎(I make pure, I cleanse), from purus ‎(clean, pure) + agō ‎(I make, I do).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

purge ‎(plural purges)

  1. An act of purging.
  2. (medicine) An evacuation of the bowels or a vomiting.
  3. A cleansing of pipes.
  4. A forcible removal of people, for example, from political activity.
    Stalin liked to ensure that his purges were not reversible.
  5. That which purges; especially, a medicine that evacuates the intestines; a cathartic.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Arbuthnot to this entry?)

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

purge ‎(third-person singular simple present purges, present participle purging, simple past and past participle purged)

  1. (transitive) to clean thoroughly; to cleanse; to rid of impurities
  2. (transitive, religion) to free from sin, guilt, or the burden or responsibility of misdeeds
  3. (transitive) To remove by cleansing; to wash away.
    • Bible, Psalms lxxix. 9
      Purge away our sins, for thy name's sake.
    • Addison
      We'll join our cares to purge away / Our country's crimes.
  4. (transitive, medicine) to void (the bowels); to vomit.
  5. (transitive, medicine) To operate on (somebody) as a cathartic, or in a similar manner.
  6. (transitive, law) to clear of a charge, suspicion, or imputation
  7. (transitive) To clarify; to clear the dregs from (liquor).
  8. (intransitive) To become pure, as by clarification.
  9. (intransitive) To have or produce frequent evacuations from the intestines, as by means of a cathartic.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

purge

  1. first-person singular present indicative of purger
  2. third-person singular present indicative of purger
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of purger
  4. first-person singular present subjunctive of purger
  5. second-person singular imperative of purger

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

purge f ‎(plural purges)

  1. (Jersey) purgative