purge

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See also: purgé

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English purgen, from Old French purger, from Latin purgare (make pure, cleanse), from purus (clean, pure) + agere (to make, do).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

purge (plural purges)

  1. An act of purging
  2. (medicine) An evacuation of the bowels or a vomiting.
  3. A cleansing of pipes.
  4. A forcible removal of people from political activity.
    Stalin liked to ensure that his purges were not reversible.
  5. That which purges; especially, a medicine that evacuates the intestines; a cathartic.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Arbuthnot to this entry?)

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

purge (third-person singular simple present purges, present participle purging, simple past and past participle purged)

  1. (transitive) to clean thoroughly; to cleanse; to rid of impurities
  2. (transitive, religion) to free from sin, guilt, or the burden or responsibility of misdeeds
  3. (transitive) To remove by cleansing; to wash away.
    • Bible, Psalms lxxix. 9
      Purge away our sins, for thy name's sake.
    • Addison
      We'll join our cares to purge away / Our country's crimes.
  4. (transitive, medicine) to void (the bowels); to vomit.
  5. (transitive, medicine) To operate on (somebody) as a cathartic, or in a similar manner.
  6. (transitive, law) to clear of a charge, suspicion, or imputation
  7. (transitive) To clarify; to clear the dregs from (liquor).
  8. (intransitive) To become pure, as by clarification.
  9. (intransitive) To have or produce frequent evacuations from the intestines, as by means of a cathartic.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

purge

  1. first-person singular present indicative of purger
  2. third-person singular present indicative of purger
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of purger
  4. first-person singular present subjunctive of purger
  5. second-person singular imperative of purger

Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Noun[edit]

purge f (plural purges)

  1. purgative