prune

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French prune, from Vulgar Latin prūna, feminine singular formed from the neutral plural of Latin prūnum, from Ancient Greek προῦνον (proûnon), variant of προῦμνον (proûmnon, plum), a loanword from a language of Asia Minor.

Noun[edit]

prune (plural prunes)

  1. (obsolete) A plum.
  2. The dried, wrinkled fruit of certain species of plum.
  3. (slang) An old woman, especially a wrinkly one.
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Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French proignier (to trim the feathers with the beak), earlier prooignier, ultimately from Latin pro- ("front") + rotundus (round) 'to round-off the front'.

Verb[edit]

prune (third-person singular simple present prunes, present participle pruning, simple past and past participle pruned)

  1. (transitive) To remove excess material from a tree or shrub; to trim, especially to make more healthy or productive.
    A good grape grower will prune his vines once a year.
    • Milton
      Our delightful task / To prune these growing plants, and tend these flowers.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To cut down or shorten (by the removal of unnecessary material).
    to prune a budget, or an essay
    • Francis Bacon
      taking into consideration how they [laws] are to be pruned and reformed
  3. (obsolete) To preen; to prepare; to dress.
    • Shakespeare
      His royal bird / Prunes the immortal wing and cloys his beak.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
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Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

French Wikipedia has articles on:

Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

From Old French prune, from Vulgar Latin prūna, feminine singular formed from the neutral plural of Latin prūnum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

prune f (plural prunes)

  1. plum
  2. (slang) ticket (traffic citation)

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

prūne

  1. vocative singular of prūnus

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin prūna, feminine singular formed from the neutral plural of Latin prūnum.

Noun[edit]

prune f (oblique plural prunes, nominative singular prune, nominative plural prunes)

  1. plum (fruit)

Descendants[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

prune

  1. plural form of prună