قلم

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See also: فلم

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ق ل م (q-l-m).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

قَلَمَ (qalama) I, non-past يَقْلِمُ‎ (yaqlimu)

  1. to cut, to clip, to pare, to prune, to trim, to lop, to truncate, to snip, to cut back, to cut down
  2. to make stripes, to stripe
  3. to fleece, to fleece wool
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Intensive form II verb derived from form I verb قَلَمَ (qalama, to cut).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

قَلَّمَ (qallama) II, non-past يُقَلِّمُ‎ (yuqallimu)

  1. to cut much or frequently
  2. to striate, to stripe
Conjugation[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Ancient Greek κάλαμος (kálamos, reed). Nöldeke and Jeffery are convinced that it comes thence via Ge'ez ቀለም (ḳäläm, reed), while Leslau notes that ቀለም (ḳäläm, reed) could come from Arabic. But the meaning “reed” – referring to a plant – is not actually attested for the Arabic word, and given the peculiar semantics in Ge'ez where the word ቀለም (ḳäläm) is mixed into the root of ቀለመ (ḳälämä, to color, to stain, to write) and as well means “color”, “ink”, “inkstand”, as Leslau separates himself, a Ge'ez origin can explain why in Arabic the meaning is restricted to “pen” in the beginning compared with the Greek κάλαμος (kálamos) meaning “reed cane” in general.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

قَلَم (qalamm (plural أَقْلَام (ʾaqlām))

  1. pen, reed pen
  2. pencil
    قَلَم رَصَاص‎ ― qalam raṣāṣpencil
  3. writing, script, calligraphic style, ductus, handwriting
  4. style
  5. office, bureau, agency
  6. window, counter
  7. (commerce) item, entry
  8. stripe, streak, line, bar, stria
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938), “قَلَمٌ”, in The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, pages 242–243
  • Leslau, Wolf (1991), “qalama”, in Comparative Dictionary of Geʿez (Classical Ethiopic), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, pages 428–429
  • Löw, Immanuel (1928) Die Flora der Juden[1] (in German), volume 1, Wien und Leipzig: R. Löwit, pages 662–685
  • Nöldeke, Theodor (1910) Neue Beiträge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft[2] (in German), Straßburg: Karl J. Trübner, page 50

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

قَلْم (qalmm

  1. verbal noun of قَلَمَ (qalama) (form I)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg (1835), “قلم”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 492
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “قلم”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary, London: W.H. Allen, pages 853–854
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “قلم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 922

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic قَلَم (qalam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

قَلَم (galamm (plural أَقْلام ‎(ʾaglām))

  1. pen
  2. pencil

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic قَلَم (qalam), from Ancient Greek κάλαμος (kálamos, reed).

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian قلم
Iranian Persian قلم
Tajiki Persian қалам (qalam)

قلم (qalam)

  1. reed
  2. quill
  3. pen, reed pen
  4. (computing) font
  5. kind, sort
    چندین قلم جنس در مغازه داریم.‎
    čandin qalam jens dar mağâze dârim.
    We have various kinds of articles (or goods) in our store.

Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic قَلَم (qalam), from Ancient Greek κάλαμος (kálamos, reed).

Noun[edit]

قلم (qalamf (Gurmukhi spelling ਕ਼ਲਮ)

  1. pen

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic قَلَم (qalam), from Ancient Greek κάλαμος (kálamos, reed).

Noun[edit]

قلم (qalamf (Hindi spelling क़लम)

  1. pen
    1. (historical) reed pen
  2. reed

Declension[edit]

Declension of قلم
singular plural
direct قلم (qalam) قلمیں (qalamẽ)
oblique قلم (qalam) قلموں (qalamõ)
vocative قلم (qalam) قلمو (qalamo)