lop

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Lop, løp, löp, lốp, and lớp

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lɒp/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒp
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English loppe (bough); the verb is a back-formation from the noun.

Verb[edit]

lop (third-person singular simple present lops, present participle lopping, simple past and past participle lopped or lopt)

  1. (transitive, usually with off) To cut off as the top or extreme part of anything, especially to prune a small limb off a shrub or tree, or sometimes to behead someone.
  2. To hang downward; to be pendent; to lean to one side.
  3. To allow to hang down.
    to lop the head
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

lop (plural lops)

  1. That which is lopped from anything, such as branches from a tree.
    • 1613, William Shakespeare; [John Fletcher], “The Famous History of the Life of King Henry the Eight”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene ii]:
      Why, we take,
      From every tree, lop, bark, and part o'the timber
    • 1707, J[ohn] Mortimer, The Whole Art of Husbandry; or, The Way of Managing and Improving of Land. [], 2nd edition, London: [] J[ohn] H[umphreys] for H[enry] Mortlock [], and J[onathan] Robinson [], published 1708, OCLC 13320837:
      I ſhall not trouble you about the raiſing of them of Truncheons or Lops, because I could never find them to take; only ſometimes ſome of the ſmallest Suckers, when the Sap is newly ſtirring in them, if they are ſlipt off from the Tree, will grow

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English loppe (flea, spider), from Old English loppe (spider, silk-worm, flea), from Proto-Germanic *luppǭ (flea, sandflea", originally, "jumper), from Proto-Germanic *luppijaną (to jump, dart). Cognate with Danish loppe (flea), Swedish loppa (flea). Compare also Middle High German lüpfen, lupfen (“to raise”, obsolete also “to rise”).

Noun[edit]

lop (plural lops)

  1. (Tyneside) A flea.
    • 1651, John Cleveland, “The Hue and Cry after Sir John Presbiter”, in Poems:
      Lice, That's nick name to the stuff called Lops
    Hadway wi ye man, ye liftin wi lops.

References[edit]

  • Frank Graham (1987) The New Geordie Dictionary, →ISBN
  • A Dictionary of North East Dialect, Bill Griffiths, 2005, Northumbria University Press, →ISBN
  • lop” in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • Douglas Harper (2001–2022), “lop”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  • Newcastle 1970s, Scott Dobson and Dick Irwin, [1]
  • Northumberland Words, English Dialect Society, R. Oliver Heslop, 1893–4
  • A List of words and phrases in everyday use by the natives of Hetton-le-Hole in the County of Durham, F.M.T.Palgrave, English Dialect Society vol.74, 1896, [2]
  • Todd's Geordie Words and Phrases, George Todd, Newcastle, 1977[3]

Etymology 3[edit]

Back-formation from lopsided.

An English Lop rabbit

Noun[edit]

lop (plural lops)

  1. (US, dated, slang) (usually offensive) A disabled person, a cripple.
    • 1935: Rex Stout, The League of Frightened Men, p5
      "He's a lop; it mentions here about his getting up to the stand with his crippled leg but it doesn't say which one."
  2. Any of several breeds of rabbits whose ears lie flat.

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


A-Pucikwar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Great Andamanese *lap

Verb[edit]

lop

  1. to count

References[edit]


Franco-Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably influenced by French loup, from Latin lupus. Doublet of naturally inherited luef.

Noun[edit]

lop m (plural lops)

  1. wolf

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of unknown origin. First attested around 1519. Another possible citing as a proper noun in 1086 is also mentioned.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

lop

  1. (transitive) to steal, to shoplift (from someone -tól/-től)
    Másoktól lop ötleteket.He/she steals ideas from others.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):

Descendants[edit]

  • Serbo-Croatian: lopov

References[edit]

  1. ^ lop in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading[edit]

  • lop in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch loop, from Middle Dutch lôop, from Old Dutch *lōp.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɔp̚]
  • Hyphenation: lop

Noun[edit]

lop (plural lop-lop, first-person possessive lopku, second-person possessive lopmu, third-person possessive lopnya)

  1. barrel (of a firearm)
    Synonym: laras

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

lop

  1. Alternative form of loppe (spider)

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan lop, from Latin lupus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lop m (plural lops, feminine loba, feminine plural lobas)

  1. wolf

Derived terms[edit]


Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *loppu.

Noun[edit]

lop

  1. end

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

lop (nominative plural lops)

  1. opera

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]