lupus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Lupus and lúpus

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lupus (wolf). Doublet of lobo and wolf.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lupus (uncountable)

  1. (pathology) Any of a number of autoimmune diseases, the most common of which is systemic lupus erythematosus.
    • 2015 January 21, Conan Visits Taco Bell (Conan)‎[1], Team Coco, 00:05:15 from the start:
      You like the name quesalupa? That is a little like "case of lupus". I just keep thinking about that.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lupus. Doublet of the inherited llop.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lupus m (uncountable)

  1. lupus

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lupus. Doublet of the inherited lupo.

Noun[edit]

lupus m (invariable)

  1. (medicine) lupus

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

Etymology[edit]

From an Oscan-Umbrian language, from Proto-Italic *lukʷos, metathesis of Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos. The */kʷ → p/ change is regular in Osco-Umbrian, but absent from Latin.[1] Another example of a borrowing with that shift is popīna.

Cognates include Ancient Greek λύκος (lúkos), Sanskrit वृक (vṛka), Old English wulf, and Russian волк (volk). Not a cognate of vulpēs (fox)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lupus m (genitive lupī, feminine lupa); second declension

  1. (zoology) wolf (C. lupus)
    Homō hominī lupus.
    A man is a wolf to another man.
  2. (zoology) an animal which acts in the savage manner of a wolf, particularly:
    1. pike (Esocidae)
    2. wolffish (Anarhichadidae)
    3. an uncertain kind of spider
  3. (carpentry) a tool which is shaped like a wolf's tooth, particularly:
    1. a kind of bit
    2. a kind of handsaw
    3. a kind of hook used for hoisting objects
  4. (botany) hops (H. lupulus)

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lupus lupī
Genitive lupī lupōrum
Dative lupō lupīs
Accusative lupum lupōs
Ablative lupō lupīs
Vocative lupe lupī

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Note that some descendants reflect /ū/, which is perhaps imitative of the wolf's howling.

  • Aragonese: lupo
  • Aromanian: lup, lupu
  • Asturian: llobu
  • Corsican: lupu
  • Emilian: låuv
  • Esperanto: lupo
  • Friulian: lôf

(Borrowings from Scientific Latin)

References[edit]

  • lupus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lupus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lupus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • lupus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • lupus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lupus in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  1. ^ 2003, Indo-European Linguistics, Michael Meier-Brügger, Matthias Fritz, and Manfred Mayrhofe (p. 99).

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French lupus

Noun[edit]

lupus n (uncountable)

  1. lupus

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin lupus. Doublet of lobo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlupus/, [ˈlu.pus]
  • Rhymes: -upus
  • Hyphenation: lu‧pus

Noun[edit]

lupus m (uncountable)

  1. lupus

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]