defalcate

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

1530s, in sense “to lop off”, from Medieval Latin dēfalcātus, perfect passive participle of dēfalcō (cut or lop off),[1] from Latin (off) + falx (sickle, scythe, pruning hook),[2] from which also English falcate (sickle-shaped).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

defalcate (third-person singular simple present defalcates, present participle defalcating, simple past and past participle defalcated)

  1. (transitive) To misappropriate funds; to embezzle.
  2. (transitive) To cut off; to take away or deduct a part of (money, rents, income, etc.).
    • Burke
      To show what may be practicably and safely defalcated from the [the estimates].

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ defalcate” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).
  2. ^ defalcation” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Italian[edit]

Verb[edit]

defalcate

  1. second-person plural present tense and imperative of defalcare.