rid

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: riđ, rið, řiď, рід, and рид

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹɪd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪd

Etymology 1[edit]

Fusion of Middle English redden (to deliver from, rid, clear) (from Old English hreddan (to deliver, rescue, free from, take away), from Proto-West Germanic *hraddjan, from Proto-Germanic *hradjaną (to save, deliver)) and Middle English ridden (to clear away, remove obstructions) (from Old English ġeryddan (to clear land), from Proto-Germanic *riudijaną (to clear), from Proto-Indo-European *rewdʰ- (to clear land).

Akin to Old Frisian hredda (to save), Dutch redden (to save, deliver), German retten (to save, deliver), roden (to clear) and reuten (to clear), Old Norse ryðja (to clear, empty), Old Norse hrōðja (to clear, strip). More at redd.

Adjective[edit]

rid (not comparable) (not used attributively)

  1. Released from an obligation, problem, etc. (usually followed by of).
    I’m glad to be rid of that stupid nickname.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

rid (third-person singular simple present rids, present participle ridding, simple past rid or ridded, past participle rid or ridded or ridden) (ridden is rare and nonstandard)

  1. (transitive) To free (something) from a hindrance or annoyance.
    Synonyms: deliver, disencumber
    We're trying to rid the world of poverty.
    • 1170, King Henry II (offhand remark)
      Will no one rid me of this troublesome priest?
    • 1964 May, “News and Comment: Minister hamstrings BR workshops”, in Modern Railways, page 291:
      If the Government believes that part of the railways' salvation is to be found in ridding them of extraneous concerns, it should have had the courage either to close the railway works down as quickly as possible, or to hive them off as an entirely separate concern, [...].
    • 2014, Jacob Steinberg, "Wigan shock Manchester City in FA Cup again to reach semi-finals", The Guardian, 9 March 2014:
      All the billions in the world and Manchester City still cannot rid themselves of the most persistent thorn in their side.
  2. (transitive, chiefly obsolete) To banish.
    • 2008, John H. Goodwin, The Reluctant Spy (page 293)
      Worst of all were the leeches. The soldiers had managed to rid them from the camp interiors, but once you ventured out on patrol and into the wetlands, they were everywhere.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To kill.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

rid

  1. (obsolete or nonstandard) simple past tense and past participle of ride
    • 1852, William Makepeace Thackeray, “I Go on the Vigo Bay Expedition, Taste Salt Water and Smell Powder”, in The History of Henry Esmond, Esq. [] , volume II, London: [] Smith, Elder, & Company, [], OCLC 1003921571, page 96:
      He rid to the end of the village, where he alighted and ſent a man thence to Mr. Tuſher with a meſſage that a gentleman of London would ſpeak to him on urgent buſineſs.
    • 1930, William Faulkner, As I Lay Dying, Library of America, 1985, p.67:
      "He would have rid that horse, too," pa says, "if I hadn't a stopped him. A durn spotted critter wilder than a catty-mount. A deliberate flouting of her and me."

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rid

  1. imperative of ride

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

rid

  1. imperative of ride

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

rid

  1. present tense of ride
  2. imperative of ride

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hríð.

Noun[edit]

rid f (definite singular rida or ridi, indefinite plural rider, definite plural ridene)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1938; superseded by ri

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French ride.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rid n (plural riduri)

  1. wrinkle, furrow, crease, line (on face)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rid

  1. imperative of rida.