بز

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:پز⁩, ⁧پر⁩, ⁧تز⁩, ⁧ثر⁩, ⁧بر⁩, ⁧بژ, andتر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate to Aramaicבִּיזָא⁩, ⁧ܒܷܙܐ(bizzā, teat), ⁧בּוּזָא(buzzā, teat), Ugaritic 𐎁𐎑 (bẓ, teat). Differently Akkadian 𒍣𒍣𒂊 (/⁠zīzu⁠/, teat), Hebrewזִיז(zīz, abundance, teat, protuberance), Hebrewדַּד(dad, teat), Aramaicדַּדָּא(daddā, teat).

Noun[edit]

بِزّorبُزّ (bizz or buzzm (pluralبِزَاز(bizāz) orأَبْزَاز(ʔabzāz))

  1. teat, mamma
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Ultimately a re-borrowing from what was originally a Semitic source (Akkadian 𒁍𒌋𒋗 (bu-u-ṣu /⁠būṣu⁠/)); see also ⁧بِزَّة(bizza, suit).

Noun[edit]

بَزّ (bazzm (pluralبُزُوز(buzūz))

  1. (now regional) garment, raiment, weed
    • 7th century CE, Jamīʿ at-Tirmiḏiyy, 14:12:
      قَدِمَ بَزٌّ مِنَ ٱلشَّامِ لِفُلَانٍ الْيَهُودِيِّ
      qadima bazzun mina š-šāmi lifulānin al-yahūdiyyi
      Some clothing arrived from the north for so-and-so, the Jew.
    • 7th century CE, Muwaṭṭaʾ Mālik, section 31:
      قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الرَّجُلِ يَشْتَرِي الإِبِلَ أَوِ الْغَنَمَ أَوِ الْبَزَّ أَوِ الرَّقِيقَ أَوْ شَيْئًا مِنَ الْعُرُوضِ جِزَافًا إِنَّهُ لَا يَكُونُ الْجِزَافُ فِي شَىْءٍ مِمَّا يُعَدُّ عَدًّا.‏
      qāla mālikun fī r-rajuli yaštarī l-ʔibila ʔawi l-ḡanama ʔawi l-bazza ʔawi r-raqīqa ʔaw šayʔan mina l-ʕurūḍi jizāfan ʔinnahu lā yakūnu l-jizāfu fī šāʔin mimmā yuʕaddu ʕaddan.
      Malik said about a man who bought camels and sheep and clothing and slaves and any larger good without measuring precisely that there is no wholesale acquisition of a thing that can be counted.
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Azerbaijani: bəz
  • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧بز(bez)
  • Old Italian: albagio
    • ? Campidanese: orbaci (either via Old Italian or directly from Arabic)
    • ? Logudorese: arvatze (either via Old Italian or directly from Arabic)
    • ? Nuorese: orbace (either via Old Italian or directly from Arabic)

Etymology 3[edit]

Apparently denominal verb of ⁧بَزّ(bazz, clothing).

Verb[edit]

بَزَّ (bazza) I, non-pastيَبُزُّ⁩‎ (yabuzzu)

  1. to strip off, to spoil, to remove by force
    مَن عَزَّ بَزَّ.⁩ ― man ʕazza bazza.He who overcomes takes the spoil.
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

بَزّ (bazzm

  1. verbal noun of بَزَّ(bazza) (form I)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881), “بز”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 1, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 80
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 42
  • Freytag, Georg (1830), “بز”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 116–117
  • Freytag, Georg (1830), “بزيون”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 119
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “بز”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 120
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “بز”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 198
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “بز”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 70
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “بز”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 86

Azerbaijani[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

بز⁩ (biz)

  1. Alternative spelling of بیز

Bakhtiari[edit]

Noun[edit]

بز⁩ (boz)

  1. goat

Karakhanid[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bi-ŕ (we). Cognate with Turkish biz (we), Old Turkic𐰋𐰃𐰕(biz, we).

Pronoun[edit]

بز⁩ (biz)

  1. we

Related terms[edit]

Kermanic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Median *buz, from Old Median *buzah, from Proto-Iranian *bujáh, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰuȷ́ás, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuǵ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

بز⁩ (buz)

  1. goat

Mazanderani[edit]

Mazanderani Wikipedia has an article on:
بز
Wikipedia mzn

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Iranian *bujáh.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

بز⁩ (bez)

  1. goat

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bi-ŕ (we). Cognate with Old Turkic𐰋𐰃𐰕(biz, we).

Pronoun[edit]

بز (biz)

  1. we
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Persianبز(boz).

Noun[edit]

بز (büz)

  1. goat
    Synonym:كچی(keçi)

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicبَزّ(bazz), although probably under the influence of Byzantine Greek βύσσος (bússos).[1][2] Cognates include Old Turkic𐰋𐰕(böz), Karakhanidبُوزْ(bȫz), Chagataiبوز(böz), Uyghurبۆز(böz), Turkmen biz and Chuvash пир (pir).

Noun[edit]

بز (bez)

  1. cloth, vestment, fabric (a generic term, indistinctive of whether it is a fabric or a garment)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From either Proto-Turkic *bẹńŕ (swelling, scar, ulcer),[3] or *ber (swelling, gland).[4]

Noun[edit]

بز (bez)

  1. (anatomy) gland
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vovin, Alexander (2018), “Fabrication of Turkic böz 'fabric' in Japan and Korea”, in Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, volume 71, issue 3, Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, pages 263–284.
  2. ^ Clauson, Gerard (1972), “böːz”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 389.
  3. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*bẹńŕ”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  4. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*ber”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
بز
Wikipedia fa

Alternative forms[edit]

  • بج(buj) (Classical Persian)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Iranian *bujáh, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰuȷ́ás, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰūǵ-o-s, from *bʰuǵ- (buck, he-goat). Cognate with English buck (male goat).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Readings
Classical reading? buz
Dari reading? buz
Iranian reading? boz
Tajik reading? buz
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

Dari بز
Iranian Persian
Tajik буз

بز (boz) (pluralبزها(boz-hâ))

  1. goat