bes

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See also: bèṡ, bèś, bêş, bêś, beş, bes-, and BES

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bes

  1. (now chiefly dialectal) Third-person singular simple present indicative form of be.
    • 1850, William Stevens Balch, Ireland, as I Saw it:
      She bes there these five yare, an' has sint hoome foor her broother an' sister, the mooney for their passage, an' they bes goone these thra yares.
    • 1916, The Windsor Magazine - Volume 44, page 353:
      "An' he bes free times as old as herself," he wailed, " an' ugly as a squid ! But he bes rich — rich as any marchant — an' for the bread an' the fixin's an' the gold she bes takin' 'im."
    • 2005, Brenda Dooling, The Diamond Cage, ISBN 1597811491, page 236:
      And she bes white. Now, I bes what they use to call a house nigra. I don't work in no fields. And you know, I likes my color. Sho' not real fair, and not real dark either. I bes just who I be.
  2. (dialectal, nonstandard) Present tense inflected form of be: am or are.
    • 1850, William Stevens Balch, Ireland, as I Saw it:
      She bes there these five yare, an' has sint hoome foor her broother an' sister, the mooney for their passage, an' they bes goone these thra yares.
    • 2005, Brenda Dooling, The Diamond Cage, ISBN 1597811491, page 236:
      And she bes white. Now, I bes what they use to call a house nigra. I don't work in no fields. And you know, I likes my color. Sho' not real fair, and not real dark either. I bes just who I be.

Usage notes[edit]

Into the Early Modern English period, be was still sometimes inflected like regular verbs in the ordinary present indicative (i.e. "they be", in addition to "they are"), although "he bes" was uncommon (compare "he beeth").[1] Today, such inflected forms are limited to the alternate, dynamic / lexical conjugation of be described in its Usage notes.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Henry Sweet, A Primer of Historical English Grammar (1893), page 88: The use of be in the pres. indic. is still kept up in Early MnE: I be, thou beest, they be, etc.; the form he bes is, however, very rare.

Anagrams[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from a Latin vissiō, likely of Germanic origin. Compare Daco-Romanian băși, băs.

Verb[edit]

bes (past participle bishitã)

  1. I fart.

Related terms[edit]


Balinese[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

bes

  1. too (as in too hard, too much etc.)
    bes joh
    too far (away)

Balinese Index


Catalan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

bes

  1. plural of be

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin basium.

Noun[edit]

bes m (plural besos)

  1. kiss
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

bes m (plural bessos)

  1. strip of cloth used as part of a sail or a flag

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch bes, from Old Dutch besi, from Proto-Germanic *basją. Compare English berry, Gothic 𐍅𐌴𐌹𐌽𐌰𐌱𐌰𐍃𐌹 (weinabasi, grape).

Noun[edit]

bes f (plural bessen, diminutive besje n)

  1. berry
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

bes f (plural bessen, diminutive besje n)

  1. (music) B flat

Etymology 3[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

bes f (plural bessen, diminutive besje n)

  1. an old woman

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a derivative of *duō (two) (compare bis) + as

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bes m (genitive bessis); third declension

  1. two-thirds, or a two-thirds part of any unit
  2. a coin worth two-thirds of an as

Inflection[edit]

Third declension i-stem.

Case Singular Plural
nominative bes bessēs
genitive bessis bessium
dative bessī bessibus
accusative bessem bessēs
ablative besse bessibus
vocative bes bessēs

References[edit]

  • bes” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

bes

  1. rafsi of bersa.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

bes

  1. passive form of be

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bes

  1. third-person singular present subjunctive relative of is

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *běsъ (evil spirit).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bȇs m (Cyrillic spelling бе̑с)

  1. rage
  2. fury
  3. madness
  4. mania
  5. tantrum
  6. wildness
  7. ferocity
  8. rampage

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Verb[edit]

bes

  1. infinitive passive of be.
  2. present tense passive of be.