basium

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bu. Compare English buss and Persian بوس(bus, kiss).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈbaː.si.um/, [ˈbäːs̠iʊ̃ˑ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈba.si.um/, [ˈbäːs̬ium]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

bāsium n (genitive bāsiī or bāsī); second declension

  1. kiss, especially of the hand
    • 15 BCE – 45 CE, Phaedrus, Fabularum Aesopiarum Libri Quinque 5.7.28:
      Iactat basia tibicen.
      Throws kisses of the hand.
  2. (poetic) kiss of the lips (esp. used this way in Catullus and Martial)
    • 84 BCE – 54 BCE, Catullus 5.7:
      da mi basia mille, deinde centum,
      Give me a thousand kisses, then a hundred,

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative bāsium bāsia
Genitive bāsiī
bāsī1
bāsiōrum
Dative bāsiō bāsiīs
Accusative bāsium bāsia
Ablative bāsiō bāsiīs
Vocative bāsium bāsia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Aromanian: bãshiu
  • Asturian: besu
  • Catalan: bes
  • Dalmatian: biss
  • Friulian: buss, buš
  • Galician: beixo
  • Italian: bacio
  • Ladino: bezo

References[edit]

  • basium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • basium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • basium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Pokorny *bu