Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/bitus

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷiH-tu- (life).[1] Cognate with Latin vita.

Noun[edit]

*bitus m[1]

  1. world

Inflection[edit]

Masculine/feminine u-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *bitus *bitū *bitowes
vocative *bitu *bitū *bitūs
accusative *bitum *bitū *bitums
genitive *bitous *bitous *bitowom
dative *bitou *bitubom *bitubos
instrumental *bitū *bitubim *bitubis

Descendants[edit]

  • Brythonic: *bɨd
    • Old Breton: bit, bet
    • Old Cornish: bit, bys
    • Old Welsh: bid
  • Gaulish: Biturīges
  • Goidelic:

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*bitu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 67
  2. ^ Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “bith”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language