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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to live

Derived terms[edit]

  • *gʷéyh₃-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Proto-Hellenic: *gʷéyomai
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *ǰáyHati
    • Proto-Tocharian:
  • *gʷoyh₃-éye-ti (causative)
  • *gʷoyh₃-ó-s
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *gajás
      • Proto-Slavic: *gȍjь (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʷeyh₃-to-m
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *géiˀta (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Celtic: *bētom (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʷih₃-wó-s (alive, living)
  • Unsorted formations:


  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden and Boston: Brill, page 356
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  • Orel, Vladimir E. (2000) A concise historical grammar of the Albanian language: reconstruction of Proto-Albanian[1], Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 97