Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/gʷih₃wós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *gʷeyh₃- (to live) +‎ *-wós.

Adjective[edit]

*gʷih₃wós (non-ablauting)[1]

  1. alive, living

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *gʷih₃wós *gʷih₃wéh₂
genitive *gʷih₃wósyo *gʷih₃wéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *gʷih₃wós *gʷih₃wóh₁ *gʷih₃wóes
vocative *gʷih₃wé *gʷih₃wóh₁ *gʷih₃wóes
accusative *gʷih₃wóm *gʷih₃wóh₁ *gʷih₃wóms
genitive *gʷih₃wósyo *? *gʷih₃wóoHom
ablative *gʷih₃wéad *? *gʷih₃wómos
dative *gʷih₃wóey *? *gʷih₃wómos
locative *gʷih₃wéy, *gʷih₃wóy *? *gʷih₃wóysu
instrumental *gʷih₃wóh₁ *? *gʷih₃wṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *gʷih₃wéh₂ *gʷih₃wéh₂h₁(e) *gʷih₃wéh₂es
vocative *gʷih₃wéh₂ *gʷih₃wéh₂h₁(e) *gʷih₃wéh₂es
accusative *gʷih₃wā́m *gʷih₃wéh₂h₁(e) *gʷih₃wéh₂m̥s
genitive *gʷih₃wéh₂s *? *gʷih₃wéh₂oHom
ablative *gʷih₃wéh₂s *? *gʷih₃wéh₂mos
dative *gʷih₃wéh₂ey *? *gʷih₃wéh₂mos
locative *gʷih₃wéh₂, *gʷih₃wéh₂i *? *gʷih₃wéh₂su
instrumental *gʷih₃wéh₂h₁ *? *gʷih₃wéh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *gʷih₃wóm *gʷih₃wóy(h₁) *gʷih₃wéh₂
vocative *gʷih₃wóm *gʷih₃wóy(h₁) *gʷih₃wéh₂
accusative *gʷih₃wóm *gʷih₃wóy(h₁) *gʷih₃wéh₂
genitive *gʷih₃wósyo *? *gʷih₃wóoHom
ablative *gʷih₃wéad *? *gʷih₃wómos
dative *gʷih₃wóey *? *gʷih₃wómos
locative *gʷih₃wéy, *gʷih₃wóy *? *gʷih₃wóysu
instrumental *gʷih₃wóh₁ *? *gʷih₃wṓys

Derived terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press