Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/gʷíh₃weti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Apparently from the adjective *gʷih₃wós, from *gʷeyh₃-.

However, Gąsiorowski (2006)[1] takes this verb to be an irregular dissimilation of *gʷígʷwe-, an isolated reduplicating thematic present from a lost *gʷew- ?'move' with an o-grade root noun in *gʷṓws.

Verb[edit]

*gʷíh₃weti (imperfective)[2]

  1. to live, to be alive

Inflection[edit]

Imperfective, thematic, active only
3rd singular *gʷíh₃weti
3rd plural *gʷíh₃wonti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *gʷíh₃woh₂ *gʷíh₃wom *gʷíh₃wōh₂ *gʷíh₃woyh₁m̥
2nd singular *gʷíh₃wesi *gʷíh₃wes *gʷíh₃we *gʷíh₃wēsi *gʷíh₃woys
3rd singular *gʷíh₃weti *gʷíh₃wet *gʷíh₃wetu *gʷíh₃wēti *gʷíh₃woyt
1st dual *gʷíh₃wowos *gʷíh₃wowe *gʷíh₃wōwos *gʷíh₃woywe
2nd dual *gʷíh₃wetes *gʷíh₃wetom *gʷíh₃wetom *gʷíh₃wētes *gʷíh₃woytom
3rd dual *gʷíh₃wetes *gʷíh₃wetām *gʷíh₃wetām *gʷíh₃wētes *gʷíh₃woytām
1st plural *gʷíh₃womos *gʷíh₃wome *gʷíh₃wōmos *gʷíh₃woyme
2nd plural *gʷíh₃wete *gʷíh₃wete *gʷíh₃wete *gʷíh₃wēte *gʷíh₃woyte
3rd plural *gʷíh₃wonti *gʷíh₃wont *gʷíh₃wontu *gʷíh₃wōnti *gʷíh₃woyh₁n̥t
Participle *gʷíh₃wonts

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.academia.edu/1499772/The_Meaning_of_Life_PIE_g_ih_u_
  2. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press