Reconstruction:Proto-Italic/gʷīwō

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This Proto-Italic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Italic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷíh₃weti (to live).

Verb[edit]

*gʷīwō[1]

  1. live, be alive

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of *gʷīwō (third conjugation)
Present *gʷīwō
Perfect
Past participle
Present indicative Active Passive
1st sing. *gʷīwō *gʷīwōr
2nd sing. *gʷīwes *gʷīwezo
3rd sing. *gʷīwet *gʷīwetor
1st plur. *gʷīwomos *gʷīwomor
2nd plur. *gʷīwetes *gʷīwem(e?)n(ai?)
3rd plur. *gʷīwont *gʷīwontor
Present subjunctive Active Passive
1st sing. *gʷīwām *gʷīwār
2nd sing. *gʷīwās *gʷīwāzo
3rd sing. *gʷīwād *gʷīwātor
1st plur. *gʷīwāmos *gʷīwāmor
2nd plur. *gʷīwātes *gʷīwām(e?)n(ai?)
3rd plur. *gʷīwānd *gʷīwāntor
Perfect indicative Active
1st sing.
2nd sing.
3rd sing.
1st plur.
2nd plur.
3rd plur.
Present imperative Active Passive
2nd sing. *gʷīwe *gʷīwezo
2nd plur. *gʷīwete
Future imperative Active
2nd + 3rd sing. *gʷīwetōd
Participles Present Past
*gʷīwents
Verbal nouns tu-derivative s-derivative
*gʷīwezi

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Latin: vīvō (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill