beatha

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Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Irish betha, from Old Irish bethu, from Proto-Celtic *biwotūts (compare Welsh bywyd), from *biwos from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós (alive) (compare Latin vīta, Ancient Greek βίοτος (bíotos), Old Church Slavonic животъ (životŭ, life), Lithuanian gyvatà (life), Sanskrit जीवित (jīvitá), Avestan 𐬔𐬀𐬫𐬊 (gayo) (accusative 𐬘𐬫𐬁𐬙𐬎𐬨 (jyātum, life))), from *gʷeih₃w- (to live).

Noun[edit]

beatha f (genitive singular beatha, nominative plural beathaí)

  1. life; biography
  2. living, livelihood
  3. food, sustenance

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • beo (alive)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

beatha m sg

  1. genitive singular of bith

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
beatha bheatha mbeatha
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "beatha" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • betha” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “beaṫa” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish betha, from Old Irish bethu, from Proto-Celtic *biwotūts, from *biwos from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós (alive), from *gʷeih₃w- (to live).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbʲahə], /pɛhə/

Noun[edit]

beatha f (genitive singular beatha, plural beathannan)

  1. life

Declension[edit]

Forms without/with the definite article:

Case Singular Plural
Nominative beatha/a' bheatha beathannan/na beathannan
Genitive beatha/na beatha bheatha/nam beatha
Dative beatha/a' bheatha na beathannan/na beathannan

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
beatha bheatha
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • betha” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.