beatha

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Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Irish betha, from Old Irish bethu, from Proto-Celtic *biwotūts (compare Welsh bywyd), from *biwos from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós (alive) (compare Latin vīta, Ancient Greek βίοτος (bíotos), Old Church Slavonic животъ (životŭ, life), Lithuanian gyvatà (life), Sanskrit जीवित (jīvitá), Avestan 𐬔𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬊(gaiio, life) (accusative 𐬘𐬌𐬌𐬁𐬙𐬎𐬨(jiiātum))), from *gʷeyh₃-w- (to live).

Noun[edit]

beatha f (genitive singular beatha or beathadh, nominative plural beathaí)

  1. life; biography
  2. living, livelihood
  3. food, sustenance

Declension[edit]

Standard inflection (fourth declension)
Alternative inflection (fifth declension)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • beo (alive)

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun[edit]

beatha m sg

  1. genitive singular of bith

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
beatha bheatha mbeatha
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish betha, from Old Irish bethu, from Proto-Celtic *biwotūts, from *biwos from Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wós (alive), from *gʷeih₃w- (to live).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

beatha f (genitive singular beatha, plural beathannan)

  1. life

Declension[edit]

Forms without/with the definite article:

Case Singular Plural
Nominative beatha/a' bheatha beathannan/na beathannan
Genitive beatha/na beatha bheatha/nam beatha
Dative beatha/a' bheatha na beathannan/na beathannan

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
beatha bheatha
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • beatha” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “betha”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language