bith

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See also: bìth, bið, biþ, and bith-

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bith, from Proto-Celtic *bitus (compare Welsh byd).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bith m (genitive singular beatha)

  1. (literary) world

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bith bhith mbith
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English biþ, third-person present singular of bēon (to be), from Proto-Germanic *biuþi, third-person present singular of *beuną (to be, become).

Verb[edit]

bith

  1. Third-person singular present indicative form of been

Usage notes[edit]

This form is less common than is except in southern dialects.

Descendants[edit]

  • English: bes, beeth (now obsolete or dialectal)

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *bitus (compare Welsh byd).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bith m (genitive betho or betha, nominative plural betha)

  1. world
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 68b9
      cia beith ar n‑acathar nech inna rétu inducbaidi in betha so, arnach·corathar i mmoth ⁊ machthad dia seirc ⁊ dia n‑accubur
      though it be that someone sees the glorious things of this world, that he may not be put in stupor and admiration by love for them and by desire for them
Declension[edit]
Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bith bithL bethaH
Vocative bith bithL bithu
Accusative bithN bithL bithu
Genitive bethoH, bethaH bethoL, bethaL bethaeN
Dative biuthL bethaib bethaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bith

  1. inflection of is:
    1. third-person singular past subjunctive
    2. third-person singular future

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bith bith
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbith
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.