из

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See also: из-

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *jьz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

из (iz)

  1. in, through, around (a location)
    разхо́ждам се из гора́таrazhóždam se iz gorátato walk in/through the forest
    шля́я се из Евро́паšljája se iz Evrópato wander around Europe
    разпръ́сквам се из поле́теrazprǎ́skvam se iz poléteto be scattered around/throughout the field
  2. (archaic or dialectal, except in idioms) from, out of
    вали́ като́ из ведро́valí kató iz vedróit's raining cats and dogs (literally, “it's raining as if from a bucket”)
    из ден в денiz den v den(1) [[[every day]], continuously; (2) day by day, more each day (literally, “from day to day”)
    из осно́ви (literary)iz osnóvicompletely, fundamentally (literally, “from (the) foundations”)
    из дъ́но (colloquial)iz dǎ́nocompletely, fundamentally (literally, “from (the) bottom”)
  3. (archaic or dated) along, by (a location)

Ingush[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

из (iz)

  1. third-person singular pronouns: he, she

Komi-Permyak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A Permic word.

Noun[edit]

из (iz)

  1. stone

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jьz, from Proto-Indo-European *eǵʰs, *h₁eǵʰs. Cognate with Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian and Slovene iz, Russian из (iz).

Preposition[edit]

из (iz)

  1. from
  2. out of

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jьz, from Proto-Indo-European *eǵʰs, *h₁eǵʰs.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɪz] (before vowels and voiced consonants)
  • IPA(key): [ɪs] (before voiceless consonants)
  • IPA(key): [ˈiz] (when stressed, before vowels and voiced consonants)
  • IPA(key): [ˈis] (when stressed, before voiceless consonants)
  • (file)

Preposition[edit]

из (iz) (+ genitive case)

  1. from
    Он приезжа́ет из Москвы́
    On prijezžájet iz Moskvý
    He comes from Moscow.
  2. out of
    изде́лие из тка́ни
    izdélije iz tkáni
    a product (that is) made out of cloth
    оди́н из ста
    odín iz sta
    one out of a hundred
  3. of, through
    оди́н из его́ това́рищей
    odín iz jevó továriščej
    one of his friends
    из не́нависти
    iz nénavisti
    through hatred
    Что ж из э́того?
    Što ž iz étovo?
    What on earth does that matter?

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jьz, from Proto-Indo-European *eḱs (out of), *eǵʰs, *h₁eǵʰs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

из (Latin spelling iz)

  1. (+ genitive case) from, out of
    Петар је из Подгорице.Petar is from Podgorica.
    изаћи из собеto go out of the room
    piti iz čašeto drink from a glass
    доћи из Америкеto come from America
  2. (+ genitive case) Used in miscellaneous expressions that refer to some source or origin; for, because of, out of
    из навикеout of habit
    из непознатог разлогаfor whatever reason
    из љубавиout of love
    из искустваfrom experience
    из прикрајкаstealthily
    из страхаfrom fear
    испит из математикеmath test (literally, “test out of math”)
    семинар из биологијеbiology seminar
  3. (colloquial, regional) (+ instrumental case) with, together with, along with
    ići iz njimto go with him

Udmurt[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A Permic word.

Noun[edit]

из (iz)

  1. stone