iz

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: íz, iz-, -iz-, iż-, and איז

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Eye dialect spelling of is.

Verb[edit]

iz

  1. (African American Vernacular) Third-person singular simple present indicative form of be

Latvian[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (from). Cognates include Lithuanian , dialectal , Old Prussian is, Proto-Slavic *jьz (Old Church Slavonic из (iz), Russian из (iz)), Ancient Greek ἐξ (ex), ἐκ (ek) (dialectal ἐς (es)), Latin ex, ē, Kurdish ji.[1]

Preposition[edit]

iz (with genitive)

  1. (archaic) from, out of
    iz apakšzemesfrom the underworld
    Vanags izņēma glāzes iz skapjaVanags took the glasses from the cabinet
    ...lai šis karogs / iz tavas rokas nes mums uzvaru...so that this flag from your hands brings us victory

Usage notes[edit]

This old preposition has mostly been replaced by its synonym no (from, out of). The related prefix iz-, however, is still very frequent.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “iz”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Livonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

i'z

  1. first person singular past form of the negation verb
  2. third person singular past form of the negation verb
  3. first person plural past form of the negation verb
See also[edit]

Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *it.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Pronoun[edit]

iz

  1. it

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle High German: ez
    • German: es

References[edit]

  1. Joseph Wright, 'An Old High German Primer, Second Edition'

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jьz, from Proto-Indo-European *eḱs (out of), *eǵʰs, *h₁eǵʰs.

Pronunciation[edit]

iz (Cyrillic spelling из)

  1. (+ genitive case) from, out of
    Petar je iz Podgorice.Petar is from Podgorica.
    izaći iz sobeto go out of the room
    piti iz čašeto drink from a glass
    doći iz Ameriketo come from America
  2. (+ genitive case) Used in miscellaneous expressions that refer to some source or origin; for, because of, out of
    iz navikeout of habit
    iz nepoznatog razlogafor whatever reason
    iz strahaout of fear
    из искустваfrom experience
    из прикрајкаstealthily
    из страхаfrom fear
    ispit iz matematikemath test (literally, “test out of math”)
    seminar iz biologijebiology seminar
  3. (colloquial, regional) (+ instrumental case) with, together with, along with
    ići iz njimto go with him

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jьz, from Proto-Indo-European *eǵʰs, *h₁eǵʰs (from).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

iz

  1. (with genitive) from (with the source or provenance of or at)

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish ایز (iz, footmark, track, trace, trail), from Old Anatolian Turkish [script needed] (iz, footprint), from Proto-Turkic *īŕ, *ɨ̄ŕ (trace, furrow), which, according to the controversial Altaic hypothesis, is possibly derived from Proto-Altaic *ī́ŕu (trace, furrow).[1] Compare Manchu ᡳᡵᡠᠨ (irun, furrow), Korean 이랑 (irang, furrow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

iz (definite accusative izi, plural izler)

  1. footprint, track
  2. trace, mark, evidence, clue

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative iz
Definite accusative izi
Singular Plural
Nominative iz izler
Definite accusative izi izleri
Dative ize izlere
Locative izde izlerde
Ablative izden izlerden
Genitive izin izlerin
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular izim izlerim
2nd singular izin izlerin
3rd singular izi izleri
1st plural izimiz izlerimiz
2nd plural iziniz izleriniz
3rd plural izleri izleri

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*ī́ŕu”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill