iz

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See also: íz, , iz-, iż-, and איז

Latvian[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs (from). Cognates include Lithuanian , dialectal , Old Prussian is, Proto-Slavic *jьz (Old Church Slavonic из (iz), Russian из (iz)), Ancient Greek ἐξ (eks), ἐκ (ek) (dialectal ἐς (es)), Latin ex, ē, Kurdish ji [1]

Preposition[edit]

iz (with genitive)

  1. (archaic) from, out of
    iz apakšzemesfrom the underworld
    Vanags izņēma glāzes iz skapja — Vanags took the glasses from the cabinet
    ...lai šis karogs / iz tavas rokas nes mums uzvaru... — so that this flag from your hands brings us victory

Usage notes[edit]

This old preposition has mostly been replaced by its synonym no (from, out of). The related prefix iz-, however, is still very frequent.

References[edit]

  1. ^ “iz” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.

Livonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

iz

  1. first person singular past form of the negation verb
    ma iz lǟ iz sīņõ, iz tǟnõ – I didn't go any direction
  2. third person singular past form of the negation verb
    iz ūowasn't
    iz ūo aigõ – there wasn't time
  3. first person plural past form of the negation verb
See also[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jьz, from Proto-Indo-European *eǵʰs, *h₁eǵʰs (from).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

iz (Cyrillic spelling из)

  1. (with genitive) from, out of
    izaći iz sobe — to go out of the room
    piti iz čaše — to drink from the glass
    doći iz Amerike — to come from America
  2. (with genitive) for, because of, out of
    iz navikeout of habit
    iz nepoznatog razlogafor unknown reasons
    iz ljubaviout of love
  3. (with genitive) in miscellaneous senses in various phrasal constructs
    iz iskustvafrom experience
    iz prikrajka — stealthily
    iz strahafrom fear
    ispit iz matematike — math test
    seminar iz biologije — biology seminar
  4. (colloquial, regional, with instrumental) with, together with, along with
    ići iz njim — to go with somebody

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *jьz, from Proto-Indo-European *eǵʰs, *h₁eǵʰs (from).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

iz

  1. (with genitive) from (with the source or provenance of or at)