rap

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Rap, RAP, ráp, rấp, rắp, rập, rạp, and гар

Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

rap

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Rapa Nui.

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English rap, rappe, of North Germanic origin, related to Norwegian rapp (a blow, strike, lash), Swedish rapp (a blow, lash, crack), Danish rap (a tap, smart, blow). Compare Old English hreppan (to touch, treat). More at rape.

Noun[edit]

rap (countable and uncountable, plural raps)

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
  1. (countable) A sharp blow with something hard.
    • The teacher sat at one end of the bench, with a meek little fellow by his side. When the others were disorderly, this young martyr received a rap; intended, probably, as a sample of what the rest might expect, if they didn't amend.
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter II,
      He walked softly up the sanded path, tiptoed up the steps and across the piazza, and rapped at the front door, not too loudly, lest this too might attract the attention of the man across the street. There was no response to his rap. He put his ear to the door and heard voices within, and the muffled sound of footsteps. After a moment he rapped again, a little louder than before.
  2. (slang) Blame for something.
    You can't act irresponsibly and then expect me to take the rap.
  3. (informal) A casual talk.
  4. (music, uncountable) Rap music.
  5. A song, verse, or instance of singing in the style of rap music.
  6. (Australia, informal) An appraisal.
    a good/great/bad rap
  7. (Australia, informal) A positive appraisal; a recommendation.
    He gave the novel quite a rap.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: raps
  • Finnish: rap
  • Macedonian: рап (rap)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English rappen, of North Germanic origin, related to Swedish rappa (to strike, beat, rap), German rappeln (to rattle).

Verb[edit]

rap (third-person singular simple present raps, present participle rapping, simple past and past participle rapped)

  1. (intransitive) To strike something sharply with one's knuckles; knock.
    • 1845 February, — Quarles [pseudonym; Edgar Allan Poe], “The Raven”, in The American Review[1], volume I, number II, New York, N.Y.; London: Wiley & Putnam, [], OCLC 1015246566:
      While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, / As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter II,
      He walked softly up the sanded path, tiptoed up the steps and across the piazza, and rapped at the front door, not too loudly, lest this too might attract the attention of the man across the street. There was no response to his rap. He put his ear to the door and heard voices within, and the muffled sound of footsteps. After a moment he rapped again, a little louder than before.
  2. (transitive, dated) To strike with a quick blow; to knock on.
    • 1717, Matthew Prior, The Dove
      With one great peal they rap the door.
  3. (metalworking) To free (a pattern) in a mould by light blows on the pattern, so as to facilitate its removal.
  4. To utter quickly and sharply.
    The sergeant rapped out a word of command to the troops.
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To speak (lyrics) in the style of rap music.
    He started to rap after listening to Tupac.
    He rapped a song to his girlfriend.
    • 2012 April 19, Josh Halliday, “Free speech haven or lawless cesspool – can the internet be civilised?”, in the Guardian[2]:
      But the purported rise in violent videos online has led some MPs to campaign for courts to have more power to remove or block material on YouTube. The Labour MP Heidi Alexander said she was appalled after a constituent was robbed at knifepoint, and the attackers could be found brandishing weapons and rapping about gang violence online.
  6. (informal, intransitive) To talk casually; to engage in conversation.
    • 1956, Anthony Burgess, Time for a Tiger (The Malayan Trilogy), published 1972, page 129:
      Three languages rapped, fumbled or rumblingly oozed all the while.
    • 1975, Saul Bellow, Humboldt's Gift [Avon ed., 1976, p. 432]:
      Louie said, "I dig this Theo. I'm gonna learn Swahili and rap with him."
Synonyms[edit]
  • (strike something sharply with one's knuckles): knock, noogie
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Uncertain.

Noun[edit]

rap (plural raps)

  1. A lea or skein of yarn that forms the standard length taken from the reel, 80 yards of worsted or 120 yards of silk or cotton.
    • 1762, The Statutes at Large (Great Britain), page 386:
      [] and that every hank or skein that shall be used as a binder to tie up or bind together any pound or parcel of yarn shall contain the same number of threads in a rap or lea, and the same number of raps or leas as the other hanks or skeins in the said pound or parcel.
    • 1881, Alfred Spitzli, A Manual for Managers, Designers, Weavers, and All Others, page 22:
      At each rap the reel was moved slightly to one side, so that the next rap was wound separately, and so on until seven raps had been made, then the seven raps were made up into one hank, []
    • 1885, Thomas Rotherforth Ashenhurst, A practical treatise on weaving and designing of textile fabrics:
      Thus, a rap may be reeled (of cotton or silk 120 yards, of worsted 80 yards), then as one rap is equal to one-seventh of a hank, 1000 grains will be equal to the one-seventh of a pound, so that whatever part of 1000 grains one rap weighs, or whatever number of raps are required to weigh1000 grains, that number of hanks will weigh one pound.
    • 1888, British Association for the Advancement of Science, Manchester Meeting, 1887 on the Regulation of Wages by Means of Lists in the Cotton Industry., page 19:
      The yarn rap reel is 1½ yard in circumference; 80 rounds or 120 yards make one rap; 7 raps or 840 yards one bank. In 1 lb. of cotton yarn there are 7,000 grains. When one rap weighs 1,000 grains, or seven raps 7,000 grains, the yarn is one hank to the pound, and when ten raps weigh 350 grains it is 28.57 hanks to the pound.
    • 1913, How to Build, Equip and Operate a Cotton Mill in the United States, page 408:
      Rule to find constant for beams: Multiply the number of yards in one rap by the number of ends in the beam, and by the number of raps on the beam and divide by 840.

Etymology 4[edit]

Perhaps contracted from rapparee.

Noun[edit]

rap (plural raps)

  1. (historical) Any of the tokens that passed current for a halfpenny in Ireland in the early part of the eighteenth century; any coin of trifling value.
    • 1724, Jonathan Swift, Drapier's Letters, 1
      Many counterfeits passed about under the name of raps.
    • 1886, Mrs. Alexander, Beaton's Bargain
      Tie it [her money] up so tight that you can't touch a rap, save with her consent.
  2. A whit; a jot.
    I don't care a rap.
    That's not worth a rap.

Etymology 5[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Scand., as Ice. hrapa, to rush headlong, cog. with Ger. raffen, to snatch.”)

Verb[edit]

rap (third-person singular simple present raps, present participle rapping, simple past and past participle rapped or rapt)

  1. (transitive) To seize and carry off.
  2. (transitive) To transport out of oneself; to affect with rapture.

Etymology 6[edit]

From RAP (record of arrest and prosecution).

Noun[edit]

rap (plural raps)

  1. (US, law enforcement) Acronym of record of arrest and prosecution.
    Synonym: RAP
  2. (countable, slang) A charge, whether or not it results in a conviction.
    • 2014, James Neal Harvey, Mental Case
      We got one maybe ID, but when we checked, we found out the suspect's been in Rikers for a year on a drug rap.
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Acehnese[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rap

  1. near

References[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Origin uncertain.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rap m (plural raps)

  1. monkfish

Further reading[edit]


Cebuano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English rap, from Middle English rap, rappe, of North Germanic origin.

Noun[edit]

rap

  1. rap music
  2. a song, verse, or instance of singing in the style of rap music

Verb[edit]

rap

  1. to rap; to perform a rap

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Interjection[edit]

rap

  1. quack (imitating the sound of a duck)

Etymology 2[edit]

Of North Germanic and ultimately imitative origin; compare with Swedish rappa (drub, beat, hit).

Noun[edit]

rap n (indefinite plural rap)

  1. a strike intended to motivate someone to do something (e.g. for punishment or to spur on an animal)
    • 2008, Bitten Clausen - historier fra et liv, Gyldendal A/S →ISBN, page 14
      Hvis man ikke kunne sit stof, fik man et rap med stokken.
      If one did not know the material, one was given a strike with the cane.
    • 1841, Frederik Barfod, Brage og idun: et nordisk fjærdingårsskrift, page 346
      Skriftefaderen giver den Skriftende et Par Rap med sin Stok for hans Synders Skyld.
      The confessor gives the confessing one a couple of strikes with his cane for the sake of his sins.
    • 2016, Orla Narvedsen, Kaptajnens Åse, Lindhardt og Ringhof →ISBN
      Kusken svarede med et Grynt, tog Pisken og gav Hestene et Par Rap af den.
      The coachdriver replied with a grunt, seized the whip and gave the horses a couple of strikes with it.

Etymology 3[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rap (neuter rapt, plural and definite singular attributive rappe, comparative rappere, superlative (predicative) rappest, superlative (attributive) rappeste)

  1. quick, rapid
    • 2010, Jette A. Kaarsbøl, Din næstes hus: roman, Gyldendal A/S →ISBN, page 332
      Et øjeblik stod jeg og ledte efter et rapt svar.
      For a moment, I stood searching for a quick reply.
    • 2016, Kåre Johannessen, Kejserhøgen, Lindhardt og Ringhof →ISBN
      “Motorcykler, der kan man bare se. Det er ellers nogle rappe maskiner. Har du kørt selv?“
      “Motor bikes, will you look at that. Those are indeed some fast machines. Have you driven them yourself?“
    • 2016, Kenneth Bøgh Andersen, Himmelherren, Rosinante & Co →ISBN
      Han var også tyveknægten, der ikke ejede andet end en skarpsleben lommekniv, nogle rappe fingre, en god portion vovemod og et frækt sindelag.
      He was also the thief-boy, who owned nothing but a sharply-ground pocket-knife, some quick fingers, a large portion of daring and a mischievous disposition.
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of rap
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular rap rappere rappest2
Neuter singular rapt rappere rappest2
Plural rappe rappere rappest2
Definite attributive1 rappe rappere rappeste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

rap

  1. imperative of rappe

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

rap

  1. imperative of rappe

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch rap, probably derived from rapen (Dutch rapen) which originally also meant "to make haste"; compare reppen and also Old Norse hrapa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rap (comparative rapper, superlative rapst)

  1. quick, fast
    Kom eens heel rap hier!
    Get over here real fast!
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of rap
uninflected rap
inflected rappe
comparative rapper
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial rap rapper het rapst
het rapste
indefinite m./f. sing. rappe rappere rapste
n. sing. rap rapper rapste
plural rappe rappere rapste
definite rappe rappere rapste
partitive raps rappers
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English rap.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rɛp/ (Netherlands), IPA(key): /rɑp/ (Belgium) or as in English
  • (file)
    (Netherlands),
    (file)
    (Belgium)
  • Rhymes: -ɛp (Netherlands), Rhymes: -ɑp (Belgium)

Noun[edit]

rap m (uncountable)

  1. rap music
Derived terms[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English rap.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈrɑp/, [ˈrɑp]
  • IPA(key): /ˈræp/, [ˈræp]
  • Rhymes: -ɑp
  • Syllabification(key): rap

Noun[edit]

rap

  1. rap, rap music

Usage notes[edit]

As the word "rap" doesn't sit well in Finnish grammatic structure, the term räppi is widely used. Also the compound form rap-musiikki is quite common.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of rap (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative rap rapit
genitive rapin rapien
partitive rapia rapeja
illative rapiin rapeihin
singular plural
nominative rap rapit
accusative nom. rap rapit
gen. rapin
genitive rapin rapien
partitive rapia rapeja
inessive rapissa rapeissa
elative rapista rapeista
illative rapiin rapeihin
adessive rapilla rapeilla
ablative rapilta rapeilta
allative rapille rapeille
essive rapina rapeina
translative rapiksi rapeiksi
instructive rapein
abessive rapitta rapeitta
comitative rapeineen
Possessive forms of rap (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person rapini rapimme
2nd person rapisi rapinne
3rd person rapinsa
Inflection of rap (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative rap rapit
genitive rapin rapien
partitive rapiä rapejä
illative rapiin rapeihin
singular plural
nominative rap rapit
accusative nom. rap rapit
gen. rapin
genitive rapin rapien
partitive rapiä rapejä
inessive rapissä rapeissä
elative rapistä rapeistä
illative rapiin rapeihin
adessive rapillä rapeillä
ablative rapiltä rapeiltä
allative rapille rapeille
essive rapinä rapeinä
translative rapiksi rapeiksi
instructive rapein
abessive rapittä rapeittä
comitative rapeineen
Possessive forms of rap (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person rapini rapimme
2nd person rapisi rapinne
3rd person rapinsä

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English rap.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rap m (uncountable)

  1. rap; rap music

Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English rap.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rap (plural rapok)

  1. (music) rap

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative rap rapok
accusative rapot rapokat
dative rapnak rapoknak
instrumental rappal rapokkal
causal-final rapért rapokért
translative rappá rapokká
terminative rapig rapokig
essive-formal rapként rapokként
essive-modal
inessive rapban rapokban
superessive rapon rapokon
adessive rapnál rapoknál
illative rapba rapokba
sublative rapra rapokra
allative raphoz rapokhoz
elative rapból rapokból
delative rapról rapokról
ablative raptól rapoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
rapé rapoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
rapéi rapokéi
Possessive forms of rap
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. rapom rapjaim
2nd person sing. rapod rapjaid
3rd person sing. rapja rapjai
1st person plural rapunk rapjaink
2nd person plural rapotok rapjaitok
3rd person plural rapjuk rapjaik

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

rap

  1. Alternative form of rop (rope)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

rap n (definite singular rapet, indefinite plural rap, definite plural rapa or rapene)

  1. A burp; belch.

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

rap

  1. imperative of rape

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *raipaz, *raipą (rope, cord, band, ringlet), from Proto-Indo-European *roypnós (strap, band, rope). Compare Old Frisian rāp (West Frisian reap), Old Dutch reip, rēp (Dutch reep), Old High German reif (German Reif).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rāp m

  1. rope

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Deverbal of Latin rapiō.

Noun[edit]

rap m (oblique plural ras, nominative singular ras, nominative plural rap) (Anglo-Norman)

  1. violent seizure
  2. abduction
  3. rape (unlawful sexual penetration)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Early Middle English rap, from Old English rāp.

Noun[edit]

rap m (oblique plural ras, nominative singular ras, nominative plural rap) (Anglo-Norman)

  1. rope

References[edit]


Old Frisian[edit]

Ēn rāp.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *raip. Cognates include Old English rāp and Old Saxon *rēp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rāp m

  1. rope

Descendants[edit]

  • North Frisian:
    Föhr-Amrum: riap
    Halligen: reep
    Mooring: ruup
    Wiedingharde: ruup
  • Saterland Frisian: Roop
  • West Frisian: reap

References[edit]

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from English rap.

Noun[edit]

rap m inan

  1. rap music
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
adjective
Related terms[edit]
adjective
nouns
verbs

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

rap m inan

  1. (ichthyology) asp
    Synonym: boleń
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • rap in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • rap in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English rap.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rap m (plural raps)

  1. rap music (music genre)
    Synonym: hip hop

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English rap.

Noun[edit]

rap n (uncountable)

  1. (music) rap

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English rap.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rap m (plural raps)

  1. rap (music genre)

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Back-formation of rapa (to belch), from Old Swedish rapa. Cognate with Norwegian rape (to belch).

Noun[edit]

rap c

  1. belch
Declension[edit]
Declension of rap 1
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative rap rapen rapar raparna
Genitive raps rapens rapars raparnas
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English rap.

Noun[edit]

rap c

  1. (uncountable) rap music
Declension[edit]
Declension of rap 2
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative rap rapen
Genitive raps rapens

Anagrams[edit]