rap

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Rap, RAP, ráp, rấp, rắp, rập, and гар

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English rap, rappe, of North Germanic origin, related to Norwegian rapp(a blow, strike, lash), Swedish rapp(a blow, lash, crack), Danish rap(a tap, smart, blow). Compare Old English hreppan(to touch, treat). More at rape.

Noun[edit]

rap ‎(countable and uncountable, plural raps)

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
  1. (countable) A sharp blow with something hard.
    The teacher gave the wayward pupil a rap across the knuckles with her ruler.
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter II,
      He walked softly up the sanded path, tiptoed up the steps and across the piazza, and rapped at the front door, not too loudly, lest this too might attract the attention of the man across the street. There was no response to his rap. He put his ear to the door and heard voices within, and the muffled sound of footsteps. After a moment he rapped again, a little louder than before.
  2. (uncountable) Blame (for something), whether or not it results in a conviction.
    You can't act irresponsibly and then expect me to take the rap.
  3. (informal) A casual talk
  4. (music, uncountable) Rap music.
  5. A song, verse, or instance of singing in the style of rap music.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English rappen, of North Germanic origin, related to Swedish rappa(to strike, beat, rap), German rappeln(to rattle).

Verb[edit]

rap ‎(third-person singular simple present raps, present participle rapping, simple past and past participle rapped)

  1. (intransitive) To strike something sharply with one's knuckles; knock.
    • 1845, Edgar Allan Poe, "The Raven":
      Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, ¶ Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, ¶ While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, ¶ As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door. ¶ "'Tis some visitor", I muttered, "tapping at my chamber door — ¶ Only this, and nothing more."
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter II,
      He walked softly up the sanded path, tiptoed up the steps and across the piazza, and rapped at the front door, not too loudly, lest this too might attract the attention of the man across the street. There was no response to his rap. He put his ear to the door and heard voices within, and the muffled sound of footsteps. After a moment he rapped again, a little louder than before.
  2. (transitive, dated) To strike with a quick blow; to knock on.
    • Prior
      With one great peal they rap the door.
  3. (metalworking) To free (a pattern) in a mould by light blows on the pattern, so as to facilitate its removal.
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To speak (lyrics) in the style of rap music.
    He started to rap after listening to the Beastie Boys
    He rapped a song to his girlfriend.
    • 2012 April 19, Josh Halliday, “Free speech haven or lawless cesspool – can the internet be civilised?”, in the Guardian[1]:
      But the purported rise in violent videos online has led some MPs to campaign for courts to have more power to remove or block material on YouTube. The Labour MP Heidi Alexander said she was appalled after a constituent was robbed at knifepoint, and the attackers could be found brandishing weapons and rapping about gang violence online.
  5. (informal, intransitive) To talk casually.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (strike something sharply with one's knuckles): knock, noogie
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Uncertain.

Noun[edit]

rap ‎(plural raps)

  1. A lay or skein containing 120 yards of yarn.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)

Etymology 4[edit]

Perhaps contracted from rapparee.

Noun[edit]

rap ‎(plural raps)

  1. Any of the tokens that passed current for a halfpenny in Ireland in the early part of the eighteenth century; any coin of trifling value.
    • Jonathan Swift
      Many counterfeits passed about under the name of raps.
    • Mrs. Alexander
      Tie it [her money] up so tight that you can't touch a rap, save with her consent.
  2. A whit; a jot.
    I don't care a rap.
    That's not worth a rap.

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Interjection[edit]

rap

  1. quack (imitating the sound of a duck

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

rap n ‎(indefinite plural rap)

  1. a strike intended to motivate someone to do something (e.g. for punishment or to spur on an animal)
    • 2008, Bitten Clausen - historier fra et liv, Gyldendal A/S (ISBN 9788702065138), page 14
      Hvis man ikke kunne sit stof, fik man et rap med stokken.
      If one did not know the material, one was given a strike with the cane.
    • 1841, Frederik Barfod, Brage og idun: et nordisk fjærdingårsskrift, page 346
      Skriftefaderen giver den Skriftende et Par Rap med sin Stok for hans Synders Skyld.
      The confessor gives the confessing one a couple of strikes with his cane for the sake of his sins.
    • 2016, Orla Narvedsen, Kaptajnens Åse, Lindhardt og Ringhof (ISBN 9788711510353)
      Kusken svarede med et Grynt, tog Pisken og gav Hestene et Par Rap af den.
      The coachdriver replied with a grunt, seized the whip and gave the horses a couple of strikes with it.

Etymology 3[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rap ‎(neuter rapt, plural and definite singular attributive rappe, comparative rappere, superlative (predicative) rappest, superlative (attributive) rappeste)

  1. quick, rapid
    • 2010, Jette A. Kaarsbøl, Din næstes hus: roman, Gyldendal A/S (ISBN 9788702100822), page 332
      Et øjeblik stod jeg og ledte efter et rapt svar.
      For a moment, I stood searching for a quick reply.
    • 2016, Kåre Johannessen, Kejserhøgen, Lindhardt og Ringhof (ISBN 9788711460689)
      “Motorcykler, der kan man bare se. Det er ellers nogle rappe maskiner. Har du kørt selv?“
      “Motor bikes, will you look at that. Those are indeed some fast machines. Have you driven them yourself?“
    • 2016, Kenneth Bøgh Andersen, Himmelherren, Rosinante & Co (ISBN 9788763845724)
      Han var også tyveknægten, der ikke ejede andet end en skarpsleben lommekniv, nogle rappe fingre, en god portion vovemod og et frækt sindelag.
      He was also the thief-boy, who owned nothing but a sharply-ground pocket-knife, some quick fingers, a large portion of daring and a mischievous disposition.
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of rap
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular rap rappere rappest2
Neuter singular rapt rappere rappest2
Plural rappe rappere rappest2
Definite attributive1 rappe rappere rappeste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Etymology 4[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Verb[edit]

rap

  1. imperative of rappe

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

rap

  1. imperative of rappe

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch rap, probably derived from rapen (Dutch rapen) which originally also meant "to make haste"; compare reppen and also Old Norse hrapa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rap ‎(comparative rapper, superlative rapst)

  1. quick, fast
    Kom eens heel rap hier!
    Get over here real fast!
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of rap
uninflected rap
inflected rappe
comparative rapper
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial rap rapper het rapst
het rapste
indefinite m./f. sing. rappe rappere rapste
n. sing. rap rapper rapste
plural rappe rappere rapste
definite rappe rappere rapste
partitive raps rappers
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English rap.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /rɛp/ (Netherlands), IPA(key): /rɑp/ (Belgium) or as in English
  • (file)
    (Netherlands),
    (file)
    (Belgium)
  • Rhymes: -ɛp (Netherlands), Rhymes: -ɑp (Belgium)

Noun[edit]

rap m ‎(uncountable)

  1. rap music
Derived terms[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English rap.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rap

  1. rap, rap music

Declension[edit]

Inflection of rap (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative rap rapit
genitive rapin rapien
partitive rapia rapeja
illative rapiin rapeihin
singular plural
nominative rap rapit
accusative nom. rap rapit
gen. rapin
genitive rapin rapien
partitive rapia rapeja
inessive rapissa rapeissa
elative rapista rapeista
illative rapiin rapeihin
adessive rapilla rapeilla
ablative rapilta rapeilta
allative rapille rapeille
essive rapina rapeina
translative rapiksi rapeiksi
instructive rapein
abessive rapitta rapeitta
comitative rapeineen
Inflection of rap (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative rap rapit
genitive rapin rapien
partitive rapiä rapejä
illative rapiin rapeihin
singular plural
nominative rap rapit
accusative nom. rap rapit
gen. rapin
genitive rapin rapien
partitive rapiä rapejä
inessive rapissä rapeissä
elative rapistä rapeistä
illative rapiin rapeihin
adessive rapillä rapeillä
ablative rapiltä rapeiltä
allative rapille rapeille
essive rapinä rapeinä
translative rapiksi rapeiksi
instructive rapein
abessive rapittä rapeittä
comitative rapeineen

Usage notes[edit]

As the word "rap" doesn't sit well in Finnish grammatic structure, the term räppi is widely used. Also the compound form rap-musiikki is quite common.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English

Noun[edit]

rap m ‎(uncountable)

  1. rap; rap music

Anagrams[edit]


Lojban[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

rap

  1. rafsi of rapli.

Anagrams[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

rap n ‎(definite singular rapet, indefinite plural rap, definite plural rapa or rapene)

  1. (a) burp, belch

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

rap

  1. imperative of rape

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *raipaz, *raipą(rope, cord, band, ringlet), from Proto-Indo-European *roypnós(strap, band, rope). Compare Old Frisian rāp (West Frisian reap), Old Dutch reip, rēp (Dutch reep), Old High German reif (German Reif).

Noun[edit]

rāp m

  1. rope

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Deverbal of Latin rapiō.

Noun[edit]

rap m ‎(oblique plural ras, nominative singular ras, nominative plural rap) (Anglo-Norman)

  1. violent seizure
  2. abduction
  3. rape (unlawful sexual penetration)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Middle English rape.

Noun[edit]

rap m ‎(oblique plural ras, nominative singular ras, nominative plural rap) (Anglo-Norman)

  1. rope

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

rap m (plural raps)

  1. rap music (music genre)

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

rap m ‎(plural raps)

  1. rap (music genre)

Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Backformation of rapa(to belch), from Old Swedish rapa. Cognate with Norwegian rape(to belch).

Noun[edit]

rap c

  1. belch
Declension[edit]
Inflection of rap 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative rap rapen rapar raparna
Genitive raps rapens rapars raparnas
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From English rap.

Noun[edit]

rap c

  1. (uncountable) rap music
Declension[edit]